IMPACT OF GLOBAL WARMING ON AQUACULTURE IN NORWAY
Keywords:Global Warming, Climate Change, Aquaculture, Norway
While aquaculture is predicted to play a significant role in addressing future global food demands, climate change is having a complex impact on aquaculture output. Climate change will have an effect on output levels, growth, feeding efficiency, and consequently farm productivity and profitability. The most significant challenges facing aquaculture are current and future climate change, which affects the viability of fish farming in Norway and around the world. Global warming and climate change have resulted in a decline in lake waters, an increase in sea level, changes in streams, and changes in precipitation models, all of which have begun to have a negative influence on all aquatic animals. According to the findings of this study, the yearly maximum temperature was 21.1 °C in July and the lowest was -2.8 °C in January, with the minimum temperature ranging from 13.5 °C in July to -7.5 °C in January. The highest average temperature was 17.4 °C in July, and the lowest was -5.1 °C in January. In terms of precipitation, the greatest was 118 mm in August, while the lowest was 56 mm in March. In terms of rainy days, the highest total was 11 mm in August, while the lowest total was 6 mm in March. In November, the humidity reached 90%, whereas in June, it was 66%. On bright days, the highest daylight hours were recorded in June at 12.1 hours, and the lowest hours were recorded in December at 2.5 hours. In this research, we explicitly investigated how these climate components may affect aquaculture in Norway. As a result, because it affects the stability of fish farming, this significant environmental issue must be addressed. It is critical to shed light on and thoroughly analyse the elements related to climate change in order to avoid the damages that result from them, as well as to identify strategies to adapt to these conditions and limit their effects on production and productivity. Corrective efforts should be implemented to reduce climate change and its consequences on fish output.
Afewerki, S., Asche, F., Misund, B., Thorvaldsen, T., and Tveteras, R. (2023). Innovation In The Norwegian Aquaculture Industry. Reviews In Aquaculture, 15(2), 759-771. https://doi.org/10.1111/raq.12755.
Afreen, M., Uçak, İ., and Bağdatlı, M. C. (2022). The Analysis of Climate Variability on Aquaculture Production in Karachi of Pakistan. International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 9(8), 16-23. https://doi.org/10.29121/ijetmr.v9.i8.2022.1210.
Asche, F., Eggert, H., Oglend, A., Roheim, C. A., and Smith, M. D. (2022). Aquaculture : Externalities and Policy Options. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 16(2), 282-305. https://doi.org/10.1086/721055.
Asche, F., and Bjorndal, T. (2011). The Economics of Salmon Aquaculture. John Wiley and Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119993384.
Bağdatlı, M. C., Bellitürk, K., and Jabbari, A. (2015). Possible Effects on Soil and Water Resources Observed In Nevşehir Province In Long Annual Temperature and Rain Changing. Eurasian Journal of Forest Science, 3(2), 19-27. https://doi.org/10.31195/ejejfs.333091.
Bağdatlı, M. C., and Arıkan, E. N. (2020). Evaluation of Monthly Maximum, Minimum and Average Temperature Changes Observed for Many Years in Nevsehir Province of Turkey, World Research Journal of Agricultural Science (WRJAS), 7(2), 209-220.
Bağdatlı, M. C., and Can, E. (2020). Temperature Changes of Niğde Province in Turkey: Trend Analysis of 50 Years Data. International Journal of Ecology And Development Research (IJEDR), 6(2), 62-71. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903763.
Bergh, Ø., Asplin, L., Boxaspen, K., Lorentzen, T., Nylund, A., Ottem, K., and Sundby, S. (2007). Climate Change-Its Consequences for Norwegian Aquaculture. Institute of Marine Research. 12.
Bergheim, A. (2012). Recent Growth Trends and Challenges in the Norwegian Aquaculture Industry. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 40(3), 800-807.
Callaway, R., Shinn, A. P., Grenfell, S. E., Bron, J. E., Burnell, G., Cook, E. J., Crumlish, M., Culloty, S., Davidson, K., Ellis, R. P., Flynn, K. J., Fox, C., Green, D. M., Hays, G. C., Hughes, A. D., Johnston, E., Lowe, C. D., Lupatsch, I., Malham, S., And Shields, R. J. (2012). Review of Climate Change Impacts on Marine Aquaculture in the UK and Ireland. Aquatic Conservation : Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 22(3), 389-421. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2247.
Delong, J. P., Gibert, J. P., Luhring, T. M., Bachman, G., Reed, B., Neyer, A., and Montooth, K. L. (2017). The Combined Effects of Reactant Kinetics and Enzyme Stability Explain The Temperature Dependence of Metabolic Rates. Ecology and Evolution, 7(11), 3940-3950. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.2955.
Elsheikh, W., Uçak, İ., Bağdatlı, M. C., and Mofid, A. (2022b). Effect of Climate Change on Agricultural Production : A Case Study Khartoum State, Sudan, Open Access Journal of Agricultural Research (OAJAR), 7(3), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.23880/oajar-16000299.
Elsheikh, W., Uçak, İ., and Bağdatlı, M. C. (2022a). The Assessment of Global Warming on Fish Production in Red Sea Region of Sudan. Eurasian Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(2), 110-119.
Food and Agriculture Organization. (2018). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, 2018 - Meeting The Sustainable Development Goals. Rome, 227.
Galappaththi, E. K., Ichien, S. T., Hyman, A. A., Aubrac, C. J., and Ford, J. D. (2020). Climate Change Adaptation in Aquaculture. Reviews in Aquaculture, 12(4), 2160-2176. https://doi.org/10.1111/raq.12427.
Garlock, T., Asche, F., Anderson, J., Bjørndal, T., Kumar, G., Lorenzen, K., Ropicki, A., Smith, M. D., and Tveterås, R. (2020). A Global Blue Revolution : Aquaculture Growth Across Regions, Species, and Countries. Reviews In Fisheries Science and Aquaculture, 28(1), 107-116. https://doi.org/10.1080/23308249.2019.1678111.
Hermansen, Ø., and Heen, K. (2012). Norwegian Salmonid Farming and Global Warming: Socioeconomic Impacts. Aquaculture Economics and Management, 16(3), 202-221. https://doi.org/10.1080/13657305.2012.704617.
IPCC. (2014). Synthesis Report. Climate Change. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
IPCC. (2019). Summary For Policymakers. Ipcc Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate H. O. Pörtner Et Al. (Eds.).
Iversen, A., Asche, F., Hermansen, Ø., and Nystøyl, R. (2020). Production Cost and Competitiveness in Major Salmon Farming Countries 2003-2018. Aquaculture, 522, 735089. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735089.
Johansen, U., Bull-Berg, H., Vik, L. H., Stokka, A. M., Richardsen, R., And Winther, U. (2019). The Norwegian Seafood Industry-Importance For The National Economy. Marine Policy, 110, 103561. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2019.103561.
Kumar, G., and Engle, C. R. (2016). Technological Advances that Led to Growth of Shrimp, Salmon and Tilapia Farming. Reviews In Fisheries Science and Aquaculture, 24(2), 136-152. https://doi.org/10.1080/23308249.2015.1112357.
Morley, J. W., Selden, R. L., Latour, R. J., Frölicher, T. L., Seagraves, R. J., and Pinsky, M. L. (2018). Projecting Shifts in Thermal Habitat For 686 Species on the North American Continental Shelf. PLOS ONE, 13(5), E0196127. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0196127.
Organization for Economic Co-Operation And Development, and F. A. O. (2019). OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2019-2028. OECD Publishing/Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations. https://doi.org/10.1787/agr_outlook-2019-en.
Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development. (2021). Fisheries and Aquaculture in Norway January 2021. OECD Review of Fisheries Country Note.
Oztekin, M. E. (2012). Monitoring and Determination of Land Use Types in Large Scale Irrigation Project Areas In Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 10(2), 1065-1068.
Oztekin, M. E. (2021). Mera Alanlarının Worldview Uydu Görüntüsü Kullanılarak Tespiti. 6th International Mediterranean Science and Engineering Congress (IMSEC 2021) Alanya, Antalya/Turkey, Paper ID 245, 1-4.
Oztekin, M. E., Antmen, Z. F., and Onat, B. (2021). Monitoring and Yield Estimation Of Soybean Using Satellite Data in North Yüreğir Region, Adana Turkey. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 30(06A), 6602-6608.
Oztekin, M. E., and Dingil, M. (2022). Determination of Corn Planting Areas and Yield Forecasting Using Landsat Images. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 31(04), 4420-4426.
Salihi, P. B. A., and Üçler, N. (2021). The Effect of the Data Type on Anfis Results, Case Study Temperature and Relative Humidity. Journal of Scientific Reports-A, 046, 14-33.
Straume, H., Landazuri-Tveteraas, U., and Oglend, A. (2020). Insights from Transaction Data : Norwegian Aquaculture Exports. Aquaculture Economics And Management, 24(3), 255-272. https://doi.org/10.1080/13657305.2019.1683914.
Stévant, P., Rebours, C., and Chapman, A. (2017). Seaweed Aquaculture in Norway: Recent Industrial Developments and Future Perspectives. Aquaculture International, 25(4), 1373-1390. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-017-0120-7.
Tokarska, K. B., and Gillett, N. P. (2018). Cumulative Carbon Emissions Budgets Consistent With 1.5 C Global Warming. Nature Climate Change, 8(4), 296-299. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0118-9.
Uçak, A. B., and Bağdatlı, M. C. (2017). Effects of Deficit Irrigation Treatments on Seed Yield, Oil Ratio and Water Use Efficiency of Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus L.). Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 26(4), 2983-2991.
World, B. (2020). Total Fisheries Production (Metric Tons) - Norway.
Zateroglu, M. T. (2021a). Evaluating the Sunshine Duration Characteristics in Association with Other Climate Variables. European Journal of Science and Technology, 29, 200-207. https://doi.org/10.31590/ejosat.1022639.
Zateroglu, M. T. (2021b). Statistical Models for Sunshine Duration Related to Precipitation and Relative Humidity. European Journal of Science and Technology, 29, 208-213. https://doi.org/10.31590/ejosat.1022962.
Zateroglu, M. T. (2021c). Assessment of the Effects of Air Pollution Parameters on Sunshine Duration in Six Cities in Turkey. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 30(02A), 2251-2269.
Zateroglu, M. T. (2021d). The Role of Climate Factors on Air Pollutants (PM10 and SO2). Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 30(11), 12029-12036.
Zateroglu, M. T. (2021e). A Statistical Analysis of Sunshine Duration in Diyarbakir, Turkey. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Science (IJRES), 9(8), 59-63.
Zateroglu, M. T. (2021f). The Effect of Cloud Amount and Changes in Sunshine Duration. International Journal of Engineering Science and Computing (Ijesc), 11(8), 28598- 28601.
Zateroglu, M. T. (2022). Modelling the Air Quality Index for Bolu, Turkey. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 17(1), 119-130. https://doi.org/10.26471/cjees/2022/017/206.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 M. Cüneyt Bagdatlı, İlknur UÇAK, Wadah ELSHEIKH
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
License and Copyright Agreement
In submitting the manuscript to the journal, the authors certify that:
- They are authorized by their co-authors to enter into these arrangements.
- The work described has not been formally published before, except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, thesis, or overlay journal.
- That it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
- That its release has been approved by all the author(s) and by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – of the institutes where the work has been carried out.
- They secure the right to reproduce any material that has already been published or copyrighted elsewhere.
- They agree to the following license and copyright agreement.
Authors who publish with International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors can enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or edit it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) before and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
For More info, please visit CopyRight Section