International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research <h2>International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research</h2> <p>is an open access peer reviewed double blind monthly journal that provides monthly publication of articles in all areas of Engineering and Management. It is an international refereed e-journal.</p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief:</strong></p> <p><strong>Prof. Sonika Rathi</strong><br>Assistant Professor, BITS Pilani, Pune, Maharashtra, India<br>Email:</p> <p><strong>Editor:</strong></p> <p><strong>Dr. Tina Porwal</strong><br>PhD, Maharani Laxmibai Girls P.G. College, Indore, India</p> en-US <p><strong>License and Copyright Agreement</strong></p> <p>In submitting the manuscript to the journal, the authors certify that:</p> <ul> <li>They are authorized by their co-authors to enter into these arrangements.</li> <li>The work described has not been formally published before, except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, thesis, or overlay journal.</li> <li>That it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.</li> <li>That its release has been approved by all the author(s) and by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – of the institutes where the work has been carried out.</li> <li>They secure the right to reproduce any material that has already been published or copyrighted elsewhere.</li> <li>They agree to the following license and copyright agreement.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Copyright</strong></p> <p>Authors who publish with International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research agree to the following terms:</p> <ul> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors can enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or edit it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) before and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ul> <p>For More info, please visit <a href="">CopyRight Section</a></p> (IJETMR Editorial Notification) Mon, 08 May 2023 12:34:37 +0000 OJS 60 OVERCOMING COVID-19 CHALLENGES IN EMERGING SPACE INDUSTRIES <p>The Covid-19 pandemic challenged every business in all sectors around the world, whether it is a private or public, which demanded swift adaptation ensuring the persistence of businesses, industries, or organizations, and maximizing resource utilization. Therefore, different strategies were implemented by different governments and entities to tackle the challenges that accompanied the lockdown situation. This article describes the different tools and processes utilized by the National Space Science Agency (NSSA) of the Kingdom of Bahrain during the pandemic, tackling mainly communication, work culture, and remote project management challenges that severely impacted the nanosatellites development and space applications projects. This article also provides recommendations to have a better workflow to maintain organization sustainability, increase the productivity of the workforce during any pandemic and promote a culture of adaptability in the workplace; while minimizing the risks of the spread of pathogens, thus protecting the business and most importantly employees.</p> Ali Al Mahmood, Amina AlBalooshi, Amal AlBinali, Rasha AlAmad Copyright (c) 2023 Ali Al Mahmood, Amina AlBalooshi, Amal AlBinali, Rasha AlAmad Mon, 08 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 INTER-STATE DISPARITIES IN HEALTHCARE COSTS, HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE AND FINANCIAL PROTECTION IN INDIA: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF NATIONAL SAMPLE SURVEYS FOR 1986-87, 1995-96, 2004 AND 2014 <p>By analysing data from the National Sample Survey for four rounds (1986–87, 1995–96, 2004 and 2014) this research focuses on changes in people's health seeking behaviour, the cost of treatment, and principal factors affecting health insurance premium payments by BPL and APL families. With variations between states, it is discovered that over time, less people sought care from public providers and more people preferred private providers. Despite the fact that both men and women are now more likely to seek treatment for their illnesses, a sizeable portion of the population (more in rural than in urban areas), still refuses treatment because they believe their illness is not serious enough to warrant it. Whilst the cost of healthcare has gone up over time, the difference between public and private costs of treatment has shrunk, possibly as a result of the higher recurring cost in public health facilities and imposing of user fees and cutting on the delivery of free medication. Since the middle of the 2000s, public insurance companies have offered low-cost hospitalisation insurance programmes like the Jan Arogya Bima Policy and Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSYB) to help with the healthcare needs of the underprivileged sector of society. According to the insurance premiums, more households that paid premiums in 2004 and 2014 belonged to groups with higher Monthly Per Capita Expenditures (MPCE) and were not economically in the poorest tier. The inter-quintile MPCE differential (between the top and bottom quintile) also reveals significant inter-state disparities in terms of the percentage of households that paid a premium and the percentage of households that had health insurance. The factors that determine whether a family enrols in health insurance imply that increasing enrolment from the poor households got coverage through RSBY. At the national level, BPL/APL households with insurance reported, on average, higher hospitalisation costs than non-insured households, with the difference being significantly higher for urban households. This finding suggests the prevalence of insurance collusion and moral hazard, particularly in the cities from developed states of Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, and Maharashtra. Further, BPL households, particularly from rural India, have received very little financial relief as a result of the insurance.</p> Anil Gumber, N. Lalitha, Biplab Dhak Copyright (c) 2023 Anil Gumber, N. Lalitha, Biplab Dhak Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 TEACHING REFORM OF ELDERLY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY CURRICULUM BASED ON CDIO <p>Elderly education is beneficial for achieving the continued socialization of the elderly, enabling them to adapt more smoothly to retirement life and new social roles. This article focuses on the elderly education information curriculum and proposes to reform traditional curriculum teaching methods based on CDIO theory, following the ideas of Concept, Design, Implementation, and Operate, so that students can master new technologies and skills, build a learning society, and improve the cultural quality of the entire nation.</p> Haibo Yi, Ruinan Chi Copyright (c) 2023 Haibo Yi, Ruinan Chi Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000