• Lamhot Naibaho Universitas Kristen Indonesia



Effectiveness, Scaffolding Method, Speaking Achievement

Abstract [English]

This study is about the effectiveness of scaffolding method on students’ speaking achievement, and it is aimed to know effectiveness of scaffording method on students’ speaking skill. It was done at Universitas Kristen Indonesia on students’ speaking class of batch 2017. The method of the study is classroom action research, which was carried out within 2 cycles. The instrument of the study used was test sheet and observation sheet and the data taken using the instruments were analyzed by using descriptive statistics. The result of the study shows that scaffolding method is effective on improving students’ speaking achievement. ding can improve students' speaking skills. It is concluded that scaffolding method is a good method to be implemented at speaking class, and the lecturers are suggested to use scaffolding method when teaching speaking in the classroom.


Download data is not yet available.


Zarandy, S.Z.A and Rahbar, B. Enhancing Speaking Ability through Intervening Scaffolding Strategies, Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 6 (11), 2016. DOI:

Richards, J. C. Teaching listening and speaking: From theory to practice. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2008.

Mathew, R. Collaborative Learning–An Effective Method for Teaching Native Arabic Speakers. Journal of Foreign Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, 2 (2), 2015. DOI:

Saye, J., & Brush, T. Scaffolding critical reasoning about history and social issues in multimediasupported learning environments. Educational Technology Research & Development, 50 (3), 2002. 77-96. DOI:

Simons, K., & Klein, J. The impact of scaffolding and student achievement levels in a problembased learning environment. Instructional Science, 35, 2007. 41-72. DOI:

Mehrani, M. B., & Modarresi, G. The Nature of Interactive and Intervening Strategies in Scaffolding EFL Reading Skill. The Iranian EFL Journal, 7 (1), 2011. 116-126.

Poorahmadi, M. The Effect of Employing Scaffolding Strategies and Classroom Tasks in Teaching Reading Comprehension. Journal of Teaching English as a Foreign Language and Literature, 1 (3), 2009. 87-106.

D’ Alession, Diane and Margaret Riley. Scaffolding Writing Skill for ESL Students in an Education Class at a Community College. The Wac Journal. 13, 2002.

Schewieter, John W. Developing Second Language Writing through Scaffolding in the ZPD. A Magazine Project for an Authentic Audience. Journal of College Teaching and Learning. 7 (10) , 2010. DOI:

Yelland, N., & Masters, J. (2007). Rethinking scaffolding in the information age. Computers and Education, 48, 362–382. DOI:

Santoso, A. (2008). The art of scaffolding an EFL writing class in a hybrid environment: A practical experience. International Journal of the Computer, the Internet and Management, 16 (3), 8.1-8.12.

Gibbons, P. Scaffolding language, scaffolding learning: Teaching second language learners in the mainstream classroom. 2002.

Kemmis, S., McTaggart, R., & Nixon, R. The action research planner: Doing critical participatory action research. Springer Science & Business Media, 2013. DOI:

Robert P. Pelton. Action Research for Teacher Candidates_ Using Classroom Data to Enhance Instruction. R & L Education, 2010.

Cohen, Louis., Lawrence Manion, & Keith Morrison. (2007). Research Methods in Education, 6th Edition. New York: Taylor and Francis e-Library. DOI:

Ernest, T.S, Christensen, M. & Baldwin, S. Integrating Teaching, Learning, and Action Research_ Enhancing Instruction in the K-12 Classroom, 2009.

Lisa M. B & Jill M. A. Student Voice, Teacher Action Research and Classroom Improvement. Sense Publishers, 2014.

Tavakoli, M. & Rezazadeh, M. Individual and Collaborative Planning Conditions: Effects on Fluency, Complexity and Accuracy in L2 Argumentative Writing. The Journal of Teaching Language Skills (JTLS), 5(4), 2014. 85-110.

Dirk Siepmann, et al. Writing in English: A Guide for Advanced Learners. Germany: Narr Francke Attempto Verlag GmbH & Co. KG 2008.

Alshumaimeri, Y. A., & Almasri, M. M. The effects of using WebQuests on reading comprehension performance of Saudi EFL students. TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 11 (4), 2012.

Slavin, R. E. Co-operative learning: what makes group-work work. The nature of learning: Using research to inspire practice, 2010. 161-178.

Naibaho, L. Phonological Acquisition of A Child Suffering from Language Delay. Ijlecr-International Journal of Language Education and Culture Review, 2 (1), 2016. 33-42.

Tyas, E. H., Sunarto, S., & Naibaho, L. Evaluasi Implementasi Pembelajaran Students Centered Learning oleh Mahasiswa PPL FKIP-UKI Di Sekolah Mitra–PSKD. Jurnal Selaras: Kajian Bimbingan dan Konseling serta Psikologi Pendidikan, 1(1), 2018. 69-80. DOI:

Wood, David, Jerome S. Bruner, and Gail Ross. The role of tutoring in problem solving. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 17:, 2006. 89-100. DOI:

Walton, M., & Archer, A. (2004). The web and information literacy: Scaffolding the use of web sources in a project‐based curriculum. British Journal of Educational Technology, 35(2), 173-186. DOI:

Yuanhua, C and Guocai, C. The Application of Scaffolding Theory Into Oral English Teaching in Middle School. CSCanada Journal on Studies in Literature and Language, 12 (4), 2016, 63-66




How to Cite


Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>