International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH <h3>International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH</h3> <p>is an open access peer-reviewed journal that provides monthly publication of articles in all areas of Engineering, Management, Social, Arts, Commerce, Technology and Science etc. It is an international refereed e-journal as well as print journal. IJRG have the aim to propagate innovative research and eminence in knowledge. IJRG Journals has become a prominent contributor for the research communities and societies. IJRG Journal is making the bridge between research and developments.</p> en-US <p>With the licence CC-BY, authors retain the copyright, allowing anyone to download, reuse, re-print, modify, distribute, and/or copy their contribution. The work must be properly attributed to its author.</p> <p>It is not necessary to ask for further permission from the author or journal board. </p> <p>This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> (Editor) Sun, 31 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 A STATISTICAL PROFILE OF WEAVERS IN BAYAN GRAM, JAGATSINGHPUR <p>Based on a bio-statistical survey, this abstract offers a summary of the weaver community's statistical profile. Data on the economic situation, education, occupation, housing, and health of the weaver community were gathered through the survey. The survey's pilot study reveals that the weaver community has substantial social and economic difficulties. The majority of weavers make less than the minimum wage, making up a considerable percentage of their meagre income. The degree of education is also poor; a large proportion of weavers have little access to formal education, healthcare, power, clean water, and sanitary facilities. Poor housing circumstances are common, with many weavers residing in cramped, subpar dwellings. The poll also showed that the weaver community has a strong feeling of community and resilience in spite of these difficulties. Numerous weavers conveyed a strong dedication to their trade and the preservation of traditional weaving methods and abilities. Additionally, they showed that they were eager to take part in education and training programmes to advance their knowledge and possibilities for earning money. The bio-statistical survey's overall findings emphasise the necessity of laws and initiatives targeted at resolving the socioeconomic problems the weaver community faces. Initiatives focused at promoting locally created and artisan textiles as well as efforts to increase access to healthcare, education, and other basic services have the potential to help the well-being of the weaver community and advance ethical and sustainable practices in the textile sector. The community of weavers has experienced a number of difficulties recently, such as competition from less expensive imported textiles, shifts in fashion preferences, and the effects of industrialization and automation on the textile sector. Therefore, this essay is created to help readers understand how the textile business contributes. The article discusses the socioeconomic standing, health, and recommended lifestyle model of weavers.</p> Sarita Mishra, Roja Ghosh, Sai Bisakhi Das Copyright (c) 2024 Sarita Mishra, Roja Ghosh, Sai Bisakhi Das Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 A CASE STUDY ON HRM PRACTICES IN PRIVATE CONVENTIONAL AND ISLAMIC SHARIAH-BASED BANKS: A BANGLADESH PERSPECTIVE <p>The bank is the lifeblood of a modern economy. The overall success and performance of a bank are largely reliant on competent and skilled employees. A dynamic, capable, and talented workforce will be ensured through the efficient use and practice of Human Resource Management. This research study examines the HRM practices in private Conventional and Islamic Shariah-based banks in Bangladesh. The study investigates various aspects of Human Resource Practices, including analysis of jobs, hiring policies, educational programs, performance management, salary structure, Occupational health and safety, and promotion policy. This research is based on secondary data. The utilization of journals, books, authorized papers, yearly reports, and internet material made this study feasible. The results of the findings show that both types of banks have established these HRM practices efficiently. The research suggests that banks ought to prioritize the implementation of environmentally friendly HRM practices, focus on utilizing data analytics, and establish HRIS to align with current industry trends.</p> Md. Shahidul Islam, Md. Kamal Hossain, Ismail Hossain Copyright (c) 2024 Md. Shahidul Islam, Md. Kamal Hossain, Ismail Hossain Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 MINI-MULTILATERALISM IN NORTHEAST ASIA: IMPLICATIONS FROM EUROPE AND ITS ROLE IN RESOLVING KOREAN PENINSULA ISSUES <p>Northeast Asian nations, including the critical historical fulcrum of the Korean Peninsula, must prioritize regional cooperation and trust-building to achieve their maximum regional and global potential. Through the study of four stages of regional growth, a roadmap towards integration that's contextualized within the unique socio-political dynamics of Northeast Asia is provided. Mini-multilateralism has historical relevance for the Korean Peninsula whose complexities and sensibilities arising from the peninsula's divided past underscore the need for a strategy that supports smaller, more focused multilateral engagements. These engagements could provide a platform for resolving ongoing tensions while fostering regional cooperation, ultimately contributing to the construction of a secure Northeast Asia. The examination of historical incidents, particularly those related to the Korean Peninsula, shows the immense potential of mini-multilateralism as a strategy for advancing regional stability, building trust, and promoting cooperation. As such, the implications drawn from European experiences serve as lessons for Northeast Asia and particularly for resolving issues related to Korean history and its future.</p> Laura Florina Stan, Xiuli Chen, Yi He, Kyung-Young Chung Copyright (c) 2024 Laura Florina Stan, Xiuli Chen, Yi He, Kyung-Young Chung Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES TO ERADICATE BONDED LABOR IN ARUNACHAL PRADESH, INDIA <p>This paper investigates the historical underpinnings of bonded labor in India, particularly in Arunachal Pradesh, with a strong focus on government initiatives to combat this issue. It discusses the legislative framework, particularly the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act of 1976, and the subsequent efforts of the government in surveying and liberating bonded laborers in Arunachal Pradesh. The highlights the recommendations of the High-Power Committee on Bonded Labor and emphasizes the role of government actions in empowering marginalized communities, such as the Puroik community.</p> Prem Taba Copyright (c) 2024 Prem Taba Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 REIFICATION OF LOVE: SELECT POETRY OF SAHIR LUDHIANVI <p>The article examines the select poetry and songs of Sahir Ludhianvi on the motifs of love, through the Marxist concept of 'reification'. It highlights, that institutions, especially Capitalism and the marriage system, strengthen the reified consciousness in which human beings consider love as an alienated entity. The feelings of love were polluted by Capitalist thought and imprisoned by the social norms; Sahir Ludhianvi aspired for a utopia, a Communist society, revolted against social norms and practices like 'marriage' etc. and deconstructed the capitalist conception of love. His artistic characteristics lie in the representation of 'beloved' in the sense of 'Communism', which can restore, in his eyes, the lost feelings of love. The study involves a textual analysis.</p> Dharmendra Kumar, Binod Mishra Copyright (c) 2024 Dharmendra Kumar, Binod Mishra Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 SURVEY ON BIOMATERIAL SHRILK AS SUTURES IN MEDICAL FIELD <p>Shrilk stands as an innovative biomaterial, fusing the robustness of chitosan, a synthetic plastic, with the resilience of shrimp shells. The term "shrilk" itself is a blend of "shrimp" and "silk," emblematic of the distinctive attributes inherent in this material. Chitosan, derived from chitin present in the exoskeletons of crustaceans like shrimps and crabs, boasts biocompatibility, biodegradability, and antimicrobial qualities. Biopolymers have garnered increased attention owing to their remarkable attributes such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, non-toxicity, and functionality. These characteristics position biopolymers as promising candidates for a wide range of surgical applications, including but not limited to bioadhesives, sealants, sutures, and wound dressings. Dubbed "shrilk" by its creators, Postdoctoral fellow Javier Fernandez and Wyss Institute director Donald Ingber, this substance mimics insect cuticle, a material found in insect exoskeletons. Shrilk serves as the synthetic equivalent to one of nature's most robust, lightweight, and intriguing materials. This article underscores the potential use of shrilk in surgical applications, particularly as sutures, considering its properties in comparison to currently employed sutures.</p> Sonaali Borkar, Pratik Vetal Copyright (c) 2024 Sonaali Borkar, Pratik Vetal Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE USE OF TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION: 10 CONCERNS THAT SHOULD NOT BE OVERLOOKED <p>The use of technology in education is being applied worldwide. Several studies present some concerns that should be taken into consideration when technology is applied in classrooms. This article investigates the use of technology in education, specifically 10 concerns that should open the public forum so that the educational community become fully aware of its repercussions. These 10 topics of concern are (1) Digital platforms; (2) Digital books; (3) Investment in education technology; (4) Digital schools; (5) Technology distraction; (6) Technology addiction; (7) Technology and teachers’ profession; (8) Effectiveness of education technology; (9) Social and emotional effects; (10) Computerized testing. The review of the literature shows that these concerns should be addressed because they represent serious issues for learners and teachers alike. Further research on these concerns is needed considering the gap between the fast implementation of technology and the possibility to research the consequences of such use in classrooms.</p> Jorge Gabriel Berges Puyo Copyright (c) 2024 Jorge Gabriel Berges Puyo Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 INNOVATION IN INDIGENOUS TOURISM: LESSONS FROM EN OORU TRIBAL HERITAGE VILLAGE, WAYANAD, KERALA <p>Indigenous tourism plays a crucial role in preserving and promoting the cultural heritage of tribal communities. This research paper explores the En Ooru tribal heritage village project in Wayanad, Kerala, and its impact on tribal development and indigenous tourism in the region. The study highlights the key characteristics of the En Ooru project, including its emphasis on preserving indigenous architecture, tribal customs, and traditions. Furthermore, the research explores the economic and socio-cultural impact of the En Ooru project. The village has become a major tourist attraction, drawing a significant number of visitors who contribute to the local economy. The paper also discusses the collaboration between the Kerala Tourism and Scheduled Tribe Development Department, which has been crucial to the success of the En Ooru project. This collaboration highlights the importance of governmental support and partnership in promoting indigenous tourism and tribal development. The findings from this study can serve as a foundation for future research and inform policymakers and stakeholders on strategies to enhance indigenous tourism and uplift tribal communities in Kerala.</p> Vipin Chandran K P, Vimal V Copyright (c) 2024 Vipin Chandran K P, Vimal V Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 POSTERIOR REVERSIBLE ENCEPHALOPATHY SYNDROME (PRES) SECONDARY TO VASO-OCCLUSIVE CRISIS IN A SICKLE CELL ANEMIA PATIENT: A CASE REPORT <p>Background: Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-radiological diagnosis, characterized by distinctive neuroimaging features and non-specific neurological symptoms including: visual disturbances, altered consciousness, headache and seizures. The neuroimaging alterations are reversible and predominantly posterior in the parieto-occipital region. PRES is classically suspected in patients with severe hypertension, renal failure, autoimmune disorders, eclampsia, or immunosuppressant medications. Also patients with sickle cell disease are exposed to different forms of brain insults as part of their disease process. So far, PRES has been reported in a few patients with sickle cell disease with some of these patients having recurrent episodes.<br />Case: This case report presents a 35-years-old Sudanese male known case of Sickle Cell Disease presenting with a full presenting picture of PRES included sudden onset of headache, seizures, visual disturbances, and altered consciousness. While the patient had exhibited near-all clinical traits of SCD, it was the vaso-occlusive crisis -in form of priapism- that the most evident of symptoms and signs which had evolved to PRES.<br />Discussion: Few hypotheses have been established regarding the pathophysiology of PRES. One believes that the sudden onset of hypertension causes breakdown in brain autoregulation especially in the occipital area. This leads to hyperperfusion and subsequent extravasation of proteins and fluids, forming a local vasogenic oedema. Another suggests that the endothelial dysfunction due to sepsis and eclampsia is the culprit mechanism of injury despite its association with ischemia and vasospasm. Patients with sickle cell disease are exposed to different forms of brain insults as part of their disease process, PRES has been reported in a few patients with sickle cell disease with some of these patients having recurrent episodes. We are reporting this unique case sickle cell disease and PRES to further highlight the coexistence of the two conditions.<br />Conclusion: This study highlights the potential association between sickle cell disease and the development of PRES. As it is well explained as a result from the vaso-occlusive crisis that takes place in brain blood vessels which leads to hypo-perfusion of the brain and thus brain ischemia, also explained by the endothelial injury in PRES-associated conditions which may lead to vascular instability and vasoconstriction.</p> Osama Khider Ahmed Elmansour, Amna Ahmed, Randa Abbas, Anas Mohamed, Sabah Mohamed, Hibatalla Mohamed, Alwia Fadulalmola, Osman Ahmed, Mohammed Naeem, Ahmed Hajhamed, Noura Abdelrazzig , Almothana Mohammedin, Ahmed Babikir Copyright (c) 2024 Osama Khider Ahmed Elmansour, Amna Ahmed, Randa Abbas, Anas Mohamed, Sabah Mohamed, Hibatalla Mohamed, Alwia Fadulalmola, Osman Ahmed, Mohammed Naeem, Ahmed Hajhamed, Noura Abdelrazzig , Almothana Mohammedin, Ahmed Babikir Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 ENHANCING BIOADSORPTION EFFICIENCY OF PEANUT SKIN BASED ON PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL ACTIVATION METHODS IN FE2+ ION REMOVAL USING COLUMN TECHNIQUE IN ARTIFICIAL WASTEWATER <p>In the interest of efficient heavy metal ion removal from water, various methods such as aeration, coagulation, filtration, sedimentation, and adsorption have been thoroughly investigated. Adsorption, specifically the column method with groundnut shell powder as a bio adsorbent, stands out as a practical, effective, and efficient approach. In this study, a fixed variable of 50 g adsorbent, a particle size of 35 mesh, and an initial adsorbate concentration of 100 ppm was used, along with a 10-liter adsorbate volume and a flow rate of 4 liters per minute. Sampling intervals of 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, 105, 120, 135, and 150 minutes were chosen, and the independent variables encompassed untreated adsorbents, physically activated adsorbents, and chemically activated adsorbents using 1N H2SO4 and 1N NaOH. The outcomes revealed that the adsorption of Fe2+ was notably influenced by the type of activator. The highest Fe2+ removal percentage, 55.90%, was achieved at 135 minutes, showcasing the efficacy of the bioadsorption process. Notably, the optimal bioadsorbent activation was attained using 1N NaOH. This study provides valuable insights into the dynamics of heavy metal ion removal, emphasizing the significance of bioadsorption with groundnut shell powder and underscoring the impact of specific activation methods on the efficiency of the adsorption process.</p> Reza Fauzan, Halim Zaini, Syafruddin, Zuhra Amalia, Ummi Habibah, Amir D, Miswar Copyright (c) 2024 Reza Fauzan, Halim Zaini, Syafruddin, Zuhra Amalia, Ummi Habibah, Amir D, Miswar Sat, 06 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 ASSESSING THE RELIABILITY OF THE TALENT DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENTAL QUESTIONNAIRE: A PILOT STUDY <p>The reliability of the scales utilized in research are crucial elements that contribute to the generation of valuable outcomes. This study aimed to develop a practical and reliable measure of the Talent Development Environmental Questionnaire (TDEQ) by adapting three modules, totaling 59 items. Utilizing a sample size of 30 and employing the test-retest method, the study found Pearson correlation results for seven factors: Long-Term Development Focus (LTDF), Quality Preparation (QP), Communication Skills (CO), Understanding Athletes (UA), Supporting Network (SN), Challenges and Supporting Environment (CSE), and Long-Term Developmental Fundamental Understanding (LTDFU). Internal consistency estimates, including Cronbach's alpha scores, ranged from 0.627 to 0.900. The mean Cronbach's alpha was 0.75, with individual factor scores of 0.900, 0.712, 0.781, 0.678, 0.832, 0.631, and 0.627, respectively. These findings underscore the significance of factors such as LTDF, QP, CO, UA, SN, CSE, and LTDFU in track and field athletes' overall development, reaffirming the high reliability of all dimensions of the TDEQ.</p> Dessalegn Wase Mola, Dhananjoy Shaw Copyright (c) 2024 Dessalegn Wase Mola, Dhananjoy Shaw Mon, 08 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPACT OF AI ON EMPLOYMENT AND ORGANISATION IN THE INDUSTRIAL WORKING ENVIRONMENT OF THE FUTURE <p>In manufacturing companies, artificial intelligence (AI) applications like robotics, automation, and intelligent support are driving a broad transformation process that impacts not only the usage of algorithms but also people and organization. The working world will undergo a long-lasting transformation due to automation and algorithmization, whereby every value-adding activities will be impacted, ranging from skilled labour and management to operational manufacturing operations. AI's capacity for learning is predicted to allow it to act independently, aid people through systems, use resources more wisely, improve the environmental impact of operations, and open up new working models with direct involvement and increased transparency. It ought to boost productivity, improve client happiness, and simplify and enliven work. According to recent studies, the success of digitalization depends less on technology and investment and more on leaders' and employees can do when it comes to creating a supportive organizational culture and structure.<br />The AI's impact on jobs is debatable. It ought to result in challenging and safe work, respite from physical and mental strain, and an improvement in work-life balance. However, there are worries about loss of jobs, disqualification, increasing digital system autonomy, and greater employee authority. But data shows that historically, two humans in the business have been replaced by one robot on average, while two new employments have been generated outside. AI will most likely act in a like manner. AI deployment necessitates management reorganization, teamwork, codetermination, qualification, and extensive knowledge sharing. The involvement Future leadership behaves flexibly within the parameters of democratically established interdisciplinary teams and self-organizing networks. Executives consider themselves to be moderators and coaches. Based on an extensive assessment of the literature, this research investigates the effects of AI's introduction in industrial businesses. Effects on employment, organizational culture, and structure will receive special consideration. We'll also look at industrial company AI applications that represent best practices. Finally, a critical conversation looks at the tools and potential for using AI to shape internal company transformation with all the necessary parties involved.</p> Aiswarya S, Abdul Rahman F, Vijaykumar.M Copyright (c) 2024 Aiswarya S, Abdul Rahman F, Vijaykumar.M Thu, 11 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 A STUDY OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE OF TENNIS PLAYERS AND SUBSEQUENT GENDER COMPARISON <p>This research work was undertaken to study and compare the emotional intelligence of male and female tennis players from Delhi, NCR, India. The emotional Intelligence Scale (EIS- SANS) by Dr. Arun Kumar Singh and Dr. Shruti Narain was used as a tool in the present study. 70 state and national level tennis players (38 males and 32 females) in the age group of 16 to 21 years from various sports academies and schools in Delhi, NCR, India were randomly selected. Upon gender analysis, the study revealed that subjects showed the same level of emotional intelligence for both genders (p &gt; .05). However, there seemed to be a difference between the male and female tennis players on understanding motivation (p &lt; .05). partial correlation showed that there was no significant relationship between emotional intelligence and body mass index of tennis players while controlling for their age, r(67) = -.132, N = 70, p &gt; .05.</p> Dr. Vikram Singh, Debraj Banerjee, Arnav Talreja Copyright (c) 2024 Dr. Vikram Singh, Debraj Banerjee, Arnav Talreja Thu, 11 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 SICK BUILDING SYNDROME: IMPACT OF IDEAL ROOFING ON OCCUPANTS HEALTH <p>Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) has been defined as a “set of adverse health or discomfort symptoms that individuals experience when they spend time indoors, particularly in office buildings, and that lessen while away from the building” Apte et al. (2000). Various construction elements such as windows, floors, roof designs and construction methods can substantially increase or reduce health and safety levels. This can affect internal and external environments in workplaces. Therefore, the more sustainable the construction elements, the less hazardous or negative impacts on the building construction, the workforce, the environment, the occupants and vice versa. This study aims to use existing building construction elements and designs in North Cyprus to create a framework for developing and evaluating suitable roofing structures for adequate insulation in the North Cyprus residential buildings. This was achieved through research experiments on the construction of building elements, that is, roofing. Most SBS buildings in Cyprus have no roof structure or adequate insulation. Therefore, this experiment was carried out to prove that wrong roof systems contribute to SBS formation in buildings and the rate of SBS effects on the end users.</p> Ifeanyi Obi Copyright (c) 2024 Ifeanyi Obi Thu, 11 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 A SECONDARY DATA ANALYSIS OF CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS FOR TQM IN SERVICE SECTOR <p>A business firm's ability to grow sustainably is based on the core management philosophy of Total Quality Management. TQM is being implemented by several critical success factors such as customer orientation, apex management commitment, training &amp; education, continuous improvement, etc. In an organization, they are collectively referred to as CSFs of TQM. The presence of key CSF can enhance customer focus and quality performance, which will boost long-term survival and profitability.<br />This study uses the Pareto analysis method where the researcher tries to identify the TQM CSFs in service industry with special reference to banking sector. In order to determine TQM CSFs, 33 research publications in all have been examined. The outcome of this investigation will definitely contribute towards the field of research and it offers a structure for conducting an empirical examination based on TQM practices in banking sector in India.</p> Bharat N. Basrani Copyright (c) 2024 Bharat N. Basrani Sat, 13 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 INSIGHTS INTO YOUNG MINDS: UNVEILING THE SPECTRA OF MARRIAGE PERSPECTIVES <p>Marriage, a complex social institution, undergoes dynamic shifts influenced by societal, cultural, emotional, and economic factors across different times and regions. The process of mate selection involves a multifaceted interplay of factors, including physical attributes, socio-economic status, and societal norms. The study delved into the marriage perspectives in Bangladesh, examining the attitudes of unmarried young individuals toward marriage and mate selection. Employing a mixed-method research approach, the study collected information from a sample of 319 unmarried young individuals aged between 18 and 35 years, from Chattogram, Cox’s Bazar, Brahman aria and Camilla districts of Chattogram division in Bangladesh. The study analyzed varied viewpoints on marriage, highlighting it as a bond where individuals live together or as a social, religious, or familial unit. Preferences for love and arranged marriages entailed considerations like mutual understanding, family satisfaction, societal acceptance, and personal desires. Diverse viewpoints emerged regarding traits prioritized when choosing partners. While gentleness, education and beauty were highly valued, socio-economic factors such as economic stability, job status, and religiousness also held significance. Furthermore, participants emphasized differing characteristics when selecting grooms versus brides, demonstrating a distinct set of preferences for each gender. Understanding these perspectives offered valuable insights for policymakers, suggesting initiatives like educational programs on healthy relationships, cultural sensitivity training for matchmakers and advocating for open communication to ensure satisfactory decision-making in marriage. These insights would be helpful to contribute to a deeper comprehension of evolving marital paradigms in Bangladesh, laying the groundwork for informed social policies and a better understanding of the future societal landscape.</p> Md. Arif Uddin Khan, Farjana Akter, Jannatul Ferdouse , Tania Jannatul Kubra Copyright (c) 2024 Md. Arif Uddin Khan, Farjana Akter, Jannatul Ferdouse , Tania Jannatul Kubra Sat, 13 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 A NEW THEORY OF PARTICLE PHYSICS ABOUT COUPLING SYSTEM AND REGULAR MULTIVARIATE STATE <p>In this paper, some particle science issues are considered and studied: Why the electric charge can not be fraction for any particles? Why composite particles are easy to split and the mass has decreased? Why the fundamental particles with identical quantum numbers have the unequal mass? These scientific problems are solved by establishing new particle theories: The mechanism of regular multivariate states is proposed to explain the characteristics of fundamental particles, The coupling theory of particle systems is proposed to explain the mass characteristics of composite particles. The scientific analysis of these mechanisms and theories are consistent with the experimental results of many particles, and according to these mechanisms and theories can derive many new particles.</p> Hua Ma Copyright (c) 2024 Hua Ma Mon, 15 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000