International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH <h3>International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH</h3> <p>is an open access peer-reviewed journal that provides monthly publication of articles in all areas of Engineering, Management, Social, Arts, Commerce, Technology and Science etc. It is an international refereed e-journal as well as print journal. IJRG have the aim to propagate innovative research and eminence in knowledge. IJRG Journals has become a prominent contributor for the research communities and societies. IJRG Journal is making the bridge between research and developments.</p> Granthaalayah Publications and Printers en-US International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH 2394-3629 <p>With the licence CC-BY, authors retain the copyright, allowing anyone to download, reuse, re-print, modify, distribute, and/or copy their contribution. The work must be properly attributed to its author.</p> <p>It is not necessary to ask for further permission from the author or journal board. </p> <p>This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> MILITARY BASED LANDMINE DETECTION ROBOTIC VEHICLE <p>A landmine is an explosive device which is concealed under the soil to destroy the enemy targets such as soldier, vehicle, tanks etc. Landmines in India are mostly planted in fields, forest, wells, water resources and energy production areas. The process of removing land mines from a soil is called Demining or mine clearance. In military operations, the deminig is done with help of the devices such as mine plows and blast waves. Sometimes specially trained animals also involved in the process of mine clearance. These existing method requires a lot of time to remove the landmine and which also involves loss of many lives during the demining process. To avoid the hazard the landmine detection robot is proposed which uses a ultrasonic sensor, metal detector and GSM module as a complementary tool for landmine detection. The robot is used to detects the position of the landmine and sends its GPS position to a web server through GSM.</p> Nandakumar K. Kesavan R. Niyasudeen N. Surendra Prasad M. Vaseem Akram Y. Copyright (c) 2023 Nandakumar K., Kesavan R. , Niyasudeen N. , Surendra Prasad M. , Vaseem Akram Y. 2023-05-31 2023-05-31 11 5 1–8 1–8 10.29121/granthaalayah.v11.i5.2023.5146 AN EFFICIENT OPTIMIZED MPPT FOR PV SYSTEM UNDER EXTREMELY FAST CHANGING IRRADIANCE – HYBRID HONEY BADGER OPTIMIZER <p>In closing a long time, renewable power means have entered lesser hobbyhorse as the choice for of strength is growing. Solar power is truly the maximum functional salutary useful resource in the fineness of renewable powers as it's long hauls to be had transnational. Solar energy can be converted into energy in approaches; via CSP energy factory life or Photovoltaic structures. The solar energy is converted to lukewarmness and also this energy is converted to energy in CSP energy shops. Still, this revision of power can be finished in an unattached- step system by the use of sun panels and PV period. This generation is fantastically trusted sun irradiance and temperature. For every particular 2d, there can be a maximum electricity aspect (MPP) and its charge is reckoned on irradiance and temperature. The conventional strategies cannot perform sufficiently. Metaheuristic optimization algorithms may be used to song MPP in every normal circumstance and partial shading script. The pivotal gain of the use of them is that they will be speedy in operation, and they don't trap in near optimums. This oil uses Honey Badger Optimization set of rules in Maximum Power Tracking (MPPT) in PV systems.</p> Lakshanya Sri B. Mohan V. Senthilkumar S. Copyright (c) 2023 B. Lakshanya Sri, V. Mohan, S. Senthilkumar 2023-05-31 2023-05-31 11 5 9–22 9–22 10.29121/granthaalayah.v11.i5.2023.5161 OPEN DATA CULTURE IN SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH <p>Open data are records that are available for anybody to access, reuse, and distribute without restriction, with the exception of sharing and attribution. Many national governments have created websites to make some of the data they gather accessible to public, joining private companies in doing so. The creation of such massive archives is expected to promote and speed scientific progress by allowing multiple uses of datasets and minimizing duplication of effort Hand et al. (2001). When a repository is fully made up of datasets supplied by researchers and made accessible for use by other researchers, future uses of such datasets are referred to as reuse. When it comes to reusing research data in the social sciences, it has been discovered that quantitative data reuse is more widespread than qualitative data reuse since the number of free quantitative datasets is bigger Curty et al. (2017) and quantitative data metadata is easier to develop. Nonetheless, there is various research on the reuse of qualitative data in social sciences Late &amp; Kekäläinen (2020). Despite several issues that must be addressed, it is obvious that open access data has the potential to transform research processes in a variety of sectors.</p> Rituparna Basak Copyright (c) 2023 Dr. Rituparna Basak 2023-05-31 2023-05-31 11 5 23–35 23–35 10.29121/granthaalayah.v11.i5.2023.5167 STUDY ON THE PATH OF BUILDING AN INNOVATIVE AND ENTREPRENEURIAL ENVIRONMENT IN XINXIANG NATIONAL INNOVATION DEMONSTRATION ZONE <p>This paper takes the construction of innovation and entrepreneurship environment as the research perspective, analyzes in depth the theoretical framework of innovation and entrepreneurship environment, and proposes the specific path of constructing the innovation and entrepreneurship environment in Xinxiang National Independent Innovation Demonstration Zone from eight dimensions, including innovation and entrepreneurship policy environment, industrial environment, talent environment, R&amp;D environment, financial environment, intermediary service environment, market and rule of law environment, and cultural environment, in order to accelerate the construction of Xinxiang National The aim is to accelerate the construction of Xinxiang National Innovation Demonstration Zone and promote the local social and economic development, as well as to set a good example for the development of other high-tech zones.</p> Tang Chaozhi Copyright (c) 2023 Tang Chaozhi 2023-05-31 2023-05-31 11 5 36–48 36–48 10.29121/granthaalayah.v11.i5.2023.5087 CHARACTERISTICS AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS AMONG CHILDREN DIAGNOSED WITH RICKETS PRESENTING TO A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN SRI LANKA <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This study aimed to identify characteristics and associated risk factors among children diagnosed with rickets in a tertiary care hospital.<br /><strong>Methodology:</strong> A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted, in children diagnosed with rickets who attended the University Pediatric clinic at Teaching Hospital Karapitiya, Sri Lanka. Data was collected on sociodemographic factors, pregnancy-related factors, birth-related factors, breastfeeding, complementary feeding practices, playing environment, exposure to sunlight, clinical signs, and laboratory investigations. Known risk factors were identified through literature and assessed in the study.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> A total of 36 patients diagnosed with rickets were included in the study. Majority (58.3%) were males, and from rural areas (77.8%). It was observed that 72.2% of children were vitamin D deficient and 25% had insufficient level, while serum calcium and phosphate levels were normal in the majority 72.2% (n=26) and 47.2% (n=17) respectively. Indoor physical activities and inadequate sun exposure (75%), prolonged breastfeeding (69.4%) and low socio-economic status (61.1%) were identified as the most common risk factors for rickets.<br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> This study concludes that all rickets patients in the study sample were Vitamin D deficiency rickets and is a significant health problem particularly in rural areas. Inadequate sun exposure, prolonged breastfeeding, and low socio-economic status are the most significant risk factors associated with Vitamin D deficiency rickets. Early diagnosis and management of rickets are crucial to prevent complications and to improve outcomes.</p> Pushpika Jayawardana Gayani Liyanage I.L.A.N Darshana Copyright (c) 2023 Pushpika Jayawardana, Gayani Liyanage, Darshana I.L.A.N 2023-05-31 2023-05-31 11 5 49–56 49–56 10.29121/granthaalayah.v11.i5.2023.5174