REAR SIDE CONSPICUITY OF HEAVY GOOD VEHICLES BASED ON LIGHTING COMPONENTS
Keywords:Hgvs, Road Accident, Road Transport Act, UN Regulations, Visibility, Warning System
In Malaysia, accidents that involve collisions with rigid and articulated trucks are mainly related to the conspicuity issue i.e. the issue of the conspicuity of the lighting components on heavy goods vehicles (HGVs). Thus, visibility and conspicuity must be improved because such an improvement can help drivers encounter safety measures on the psychological phenomenon. Conspicuity is the ability of a vehicle to be noticed without observers intentionally searching for it. In Malaysia, HGVs must be equipped with lighting components for improved visibility. The study aims to analyse the percentages of lighting components that comply with the MS ISO 303:2004. This research is conducted at Jawi Toll Plaza, Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Results show that 93% of two-axle box trucks have installed rear lighting components that adhere to the standard. Meanwhile, other categories are between 38% and 91%. In conclusion, even though Heavy Goods Vehicles recorded as having high compliance levels of the rear lighting components, the accident still occurred. The types of crashes are based on the inadequate visibility involved when the moving vehicles are approaching the rear or sides of slow-moving or stationary vehicles at night.
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