PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS FROM CELLULOSE AND BENZOATE USING ANAEROBIC BACTERIAL CONSORTIA
Keywords:Photosynthetic Bacteria, Hydrogen, Cellulose, Benzoate
Among the energy sources, the depletion of non-renewable energy is of great concern in the
present days. The non- renewable energy deposits are continuously depleted by human
withdrawals. An alarming situation of continuous depletion in the natural resources by an
increased consumption of energy, the urge to look out for alternate ways for energy
production in on the high stand. Anaerobic bacteria are known to be efficient energy
producers. In the present study, the anaerobic bacterial hydrogen production from different
consortia isolated from different sources was studied. Anaerobic consortia were isolated from
different sources by inoculating into specific media, Beibl and Pfennigs medium anaerobically
in the light (2000 lux). Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology (1994) was adopted for
identification of phototrophic bacteria. Growth was determined using UV-Vis
spectrophotometer at 660nm. The effect of two major substrates i.e. Benzoate and Cellulose
has been investigated. The amount of biogas produced varied with benzoate and cellulose as
substrates. Among the 10(ten) consortia, for most of the consortia cellulose was confirmed to
be utilized as a major substrate for the production of biogas.
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