ADOPTION OF CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE AND ANALOG FORESTRY IN BUI DIVISION, NORTHWEST REGION, CAMEROON
Keywords:Adoption, Conservation Agriculture, Analog Forestry
Analogue forestry involves blending traditional knowledge and science to recover and valorise indigenous knowledge, creating systems that are familiar to traditional societies and meet the needs of contemporary forest-dependent communities. Conservation agriculture is based the principles of minimal soil disturbance, permanent soil cover and crop rotations so as to achieve sustainable and profitable agriculture and improve farmers ‘livelihoods. Every farmer is a researcher, who experiments every season on his or her farm. Farmers who find something that works are likely to repeat it the next season, and to tell their friends about it. This study set out to examined the extent of the adoption of conservation agriculture (CA) and analog forestry (AF) in Bui, the sociocultural and economic benefits of these agricultural methodologies to the population. Feld observations, interviews and the administration of questionnaires was the methodology used. The data were analysed descriptively and by simple statistical techniques using SPSS. The findings posits that CA and AF have been greatly adopted thanks to the farmers, government and NGOs/CIGS in Bui Division. The adoption of these strategies have contributed at improving the socio-cultural, economic and environmental conditions of the people. Finally, the study concludes that there has been 81% adoption of CA and 61% adoption of AF which has significantly benefited the population through increase in source of income, environmental protection and drop in cost of production.
Appraisal Report Grassfield Decentralised and Participatory Rural Development Project. Department of Agriculture and Rural Development West and Central Region OCAR, April 2003.
Blank, D. 2008.A fresh look at life below the surface.In: Goddard, T., Zoebisch, M,
Gan, Y., Ellis, W., Watson, A. and Sombatpanit, S. (eds): No-till farming
systems. Bangkok. World Association of Soil and. pp73-81.
Dickinson, A. K. (2014). Analog Forestry: Creating Productive Landscapes. ETFRN News 56: November 2014. International Analog Forestry Network, San Jose, Costa Rica.
Dufty, A.C. (1998) Analogue Forestry. In Stelling, F. (ed.) From little things, big things grow … Revegetation guide for the South West Slopes. Department of Land and Water Conservation, New South Wales.
Dumanski, J., R. Peiretti, J. Benetis, D. McGarry, and C. Pieri (2006). The Paradigm of Conservation Tillage. Proceedings of World Association of Soil and Water Conservation Paper No. P1-7, 58-64.
DFID (1999). DFID and the International Development Target. National Strategies for Sustainable Development, Key Sheets, Issue No. 1, Department for International Development, London.
Foahom, B. (2001). Biodiversity Planning Support Programme Integrating Biodiversity into the Forestry Sector. Paper presented for an International Workshop on “Integration of Biodiversity in National Forestry Planning Programme”. CIFOR Headquarters, Bognor, Indonesia, 13-16 August 2001.
FAO (2006). Agriculture and Consumer Protection Department, Rome: FAO <http://www.fao.org/ag/magazine/0110sp.htm> (accessed 4 March 2015).
FAO (n.d.). Conservation Agriculture, Agriculture and Consumer Protection Department, Rome: FAO <http://www.fao.org/ag/ca/> (accessed 4 March 2015)
Friedrich, T. 2005. Why should the world be concerned about sustainable resource
management in agriculture? III World Congress on Conservation Agriculture,
Nairobi, October3-7. 7p.
Hauswirth D., Pham T.S., Nicetic O., Tivet F., Le Quoc D., Van de Fliert E., Kirchhof, G., Boulakia S., Chabierski S., Husson O., Chabanne A., Boyer J., Autfray P., Lienhard P., Legoupil J.-C., Stevens M. L. (eds) (2012). Conservation Agriculture and Sustainable Upland Livelihoods. Innovations for, with and by Farmers to Adapt to Local and Global Changes -Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Conservation Agriculture in Southeast Asia.Held in Hanoi, Vietnam, 10th-15th December 2012.CIRAD, Montpellier, France; NOMAFSI, PhuTho, Viet Nam; University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.372 p.
Hobbs, P.R., Gupta, R., and Sayre, K. (2008). “The Role of Conservation Agriculture in Sustainable Agriculture”, Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society, Biological Sciences, vol. 363, pp. 543-555.
IIRR and ACT (2005). Conservation Agriculture: A Manual for Farmers and Extension Workers in Africa. International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi; African Conservation Tillage Network, Harare. ISBN 9966-9705-9-2
Jodha, N.S. (1990). “Rural Common Property Resources – Contributions and Crisis”. Economics and Political Weekly, June 20, A65-A78.
Lambi, C.M. (2001). “Revisiting the Environmental Trilogy: Man, Environment and Resources”. In Lambi, C.M. (Ed): Environmental Issues: Problems and Prospects. Unique Printers, Bamenda. PP. 105 – 117.
Lambi, C.M. (2001). (Ed). Environmental Issues: Problems and Prospects. Unique Printers, Bamenda.
Mitchell, B. (1979). Geography and Resource Analysis. Second Edition. Longman Scientific and Technical Group.UK.
Maggs, P and Hoddinott, J. (1997). The Impact of changes in common property resource management on intra-household allocation. Food Consumption and Nutrition Division (FCND) Discussion Paper No. 34. International Food Policy Research Institute. WashingtonDC. USA.
Neelam C., 2Y.S. Saharawat and 3V. Sivaram (2013): Conservation Agriculture: An Option to Enhance Pollinators and Sustainability. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9; IDOSI Publications.
Njilla, R.M.N. (2010). Management of common property resources for sustainable rural livelihoods in bui division, north west region of Cameroon. Post graduate dissertation, Department of Geography.
Nyende, Paul; Nyakuni, Anthony; Opio, John Peter; Odogola, Wilfred.2007. Conservation
Agriculture : a Uganda case study. Nairobi. African Conservation Tillage Network, Centre de Coopération Internationale de Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, Foodand Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Njilla, R.M.N. (2000). Land Use Effects on Surface Water Systems in Kumbo Central Sub Division, North West Province. Undergraduate dissertation, Department of Geography.
Ndenecho, E.N. (2005). Biological Resource Exploitation in Cameroon. From Crisis to Sustainable Management. Unique Printers, Bamenda.
Ndenecho, E.N. (2007).Upstream Water Resource Management Strategy and Stakeholder Participation. AGWECAM Printers, Bamenda.
Neba, A. (1999). Modern Geography of the Republic of Cameroon, 3rd edition. Neba Publishers, Bamenda, Cameroon.
Naudin k., Husson o., Rollin d., Guibert h., Charpentier h., Abouabba a, Njoya a.,Olinaj.p., Seguy l. (n.d):Conservation agriculture adapted to specific conditions –No tillage for smallholder farmers insemi-arid areas (Cameroon and Madagascar).
Sims. B, Friedrich. T, Amir K, Kienzle J.(2009):Agroforestry and Conservation Agriculture: Complementary practices for sustainable development ;II World Congress of Agroforestry, Nairobi, Kenya
Sebastian, K., Fischer, G. and Nachtergaele, F. (n.d.).“Appropriate Agroecological Zones: Tropical Warm Subhumid, Tropical Warm, Semi-Arid Agro-Ecological Zones in SSA”, Harvest Choice/IFPRI<http://droppr.org/data/map/aez09ssa> (accessed 4 March 2015).
Senanayake, R. & Jack, J. (1998). Analogue Forestry: An Introduction. Monash Publications in Geography No. 49. Melbourne: Monash Print Services.
Uthes et al n.d: Conservation Agriculture in AFRICA: Analysing and Foreseeing its Impact - Comprehending its Adoption: CA2Africa.
Wetten hall, G. and Penna, I. (2013). Analogue Forestry in Practice in Sri Lanka. Australian Forest Grower. Summer 2013.5.