• Dr. S. Thangalakshmi Electrical, School of Marine Engineering and Technology, Indian Maritime University, Chennai Campus, Chennai, India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4523-9210
  • Dr. K. Sivasami Associate Professor & Head, School of Engineering and Technology, Indian Maritime University, Chennai Campus, Chennai, India




Aerobic Waste, Energy Demand, Waste Disposal & Management, Advanced Generation, Ship Waste


Everything in the world, including the shipping industry, is powered by energy. There are numerous advanced energy-generation strategies, but it would be greatly valued if energy could be consistently derived from ship waste. Waste disposal is a difficult task in the shipping industry, so many studies are being conducted to find better ways to dispose of waste. According to regulatory agencies, India has a large source of both industrial and urban organic waste. The shipping industry, like any other, necessitates massive amounts of energy. On a daily basis, a massive amount of waste is generated, ranging from small crafts to ultra-large vessels (aerobic as well as anaerobic). So, there is a significant opportunity for capturing the energy from these waste, and both the difficulty of waste disposal and the depletion of conventional energy sources can be effectively addressed concurrently. This paper examines various means of generating energy from waste. Furthermore, the current state of Waste-to-Energy (WTE) in our country and around the world is discussed.

Motivation/Background: There is a perennial need for energy in all industry. This energy is pivotal in marine sector. There is huge amount of waste disposal into sea and IMO is keen on pollution control and de-carbonization. So, converting the waste serves two purposes viz. pollution control and green energy generation.

Method: Various techniques for generating energy from waste had been discussed.

Results: Waste-To-Energy is still a relatively unexplored technology in the shipping industry. Large cruise ships generate massive quantities of waste. This in and of itself represents a large avenue for WTE as a source of renewable energy on board ships. There are very few manufacturers venturing into the WTE segment to create power from ship waste. Scanship, a Norwegian ship waste management system manufacturer, has established a system that uses microwave-assisted pyrolysis to transform carbon-based waste generated on ships into biofuels.

Conclusions: WTE is also a relatively new concept in the shipping industry. Countries such as Norway, which is successfully operating WTE plants on land, are progressively migrating the technology and paving the way for others. More initiatives like these can radically decrease the amount of waste that ships discharge into the sea, resulting in a more comprehensive ecosystem for all life forms.


Download data is not yet available.


Antony, A. (2017). What are some of the latest waste-to-energy technologies available? - PreScouter - Custom Intelligence from a Global Network of Experts. https://www.prescouter.com/2017/10/waste-to-energy-technologies-available/

CENTRAL POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD (2020). Management Rules (As per provision 24(4) of SWM Rules,16). https://cpcb.nic.in/uploads/MSW/MSW_AnnualReport_2018-19.pdf

EMSA (2016). The Management of Ship-Generated Waste On-board Ships.

Government of India (2021). Revised Guidelines of Waste-to-energy Programme, Programme on Energy from Urban, Industrial, Agricultural Wastes/ Residues and Municipal Solid Waste. Government of India, Ministry of New And Renewable Energy. https://mnre.gov.in/img/documents/uploads/file_f-1621229779196.pdf

IRENA (2015). Renewable Energy Options For Shipping, Technology Brief, International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). https://www.irena.org/-/media/Files/IRENA/Agency/Publication/2015/IRENA_Tech_Brief_RE_for-Shipping_2015.pdf

Indo-UK Seminar Report (2015). Sustainable solid waste management for cities: opportunities in SAARC countries. http://www.neeri.res.in/Short%20Report_Indo-UK%20Seminar%20(25-

Kalyani K. A. Pandey K. K. (2014). Waste to energy status in India: A short review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 113-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.11.020

Kotrikla, A.M. Zavantias, A. Kaloupi, M. (2021). Waste generation and management onboard a cruise ship: A case study, Ocean & Coastal Management, 212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2021.105850

Kumar, S. Smith, S. R. Fowler, G. Velis, C. Kumar, S. J. Rena, A. S. Kumar, R. Cheeseman, C. (2017). Challenges and opportunities associated with waste management in India. Royal Society Open Science, 4(3). https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.160764

MNRE (2018). Year End Review 2018 - MNRE, Press Information Bureau Government of India Ministry of New and Renewable Energy https://pib.gov.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=186228

Moya, D. Aldás, C. Jaramillo, D. Játiva, E. Kaparaju, P. (2017). Waste-To-Energy Technologies: an opportunity of energy recovery from Municipal Solid Waste, using Quito - Ecuador as case study, 134, 327-336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.09.537

Nidoni G. P. (2017). Incineration Process For Solid Waste Management And Effective Utilization Of By Products, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), 4(12), 78-382. https://www.irjet.net/archives/V4/i12/IRJET-V4I1270.pdf

Rogoff M. J. Meng F. S. (2019). Chapter 3 - Energy From Waste Technology, Technologies and Project Implementation. 29-56. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-816079-4.00003-7

Solid Waste in India (2019). Feasibility of Waste to Energy plants in India, Centre for Science and Environmenthttps. https://cdn.cseindia.org/docs/aad2019/swati-AAD.pdf

The Explorer (2020). Powering cruise ships with waste. https://www.theexplorer.no/solutions/scanship--powering-cruise-ships-with-waste/

Tripathy, U. (2018). A 21st Century Vision on Waste to Energy in India: A Win-Win Strategy for Energy Security and Swachh Bharat Mission (Clean India Mission). Eighth Regional 3R Forum In Asia And The Pacific, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India. https://www.uncrd.or.jp/content/documents/6717FINAL-Background%20paper_Tripathy.pdf

Waste to power (2020). Large cruise ships generate substantial amounts of waste per day – Norwegian manufacturer TECO TECH has developed a solution that could enable shipowners to turn this waste into energy at sea. https://www.dnvgl.com/expert-story/maritime-impact/Waste-to-power.html

World Population Prospects (2019). United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division World Population Prospects 2019, Online Edition. https://www.un.org/development/desa/publications/world-population-prospects-2019-highlights.html#:~:text=The%20world's%20population%20is%20expected,United%20Nations%20report%20launched%20today.




How to Cite

S, T., & K., S. (2022). WASTE-TO-ENERGY: A PROMISING MARITIME TRANSPORT TECHNOLOGY . International Journal of Engineering Science Technologies, 6(3), 12–19. https://doi.org/10.29121/ijoest.v6.i3.2022.327