DESIGN OF HEXAGONAL PHOTONIC CRYSTAL FIBER WITH ULTRA-HIGH BIREFRINGENT AND LARGE NEGATIVE DISPERSION COEFFICIENT FOR THE APPLICATION OF BROADBAND FIBER
Keywords:Photonic Crystal Fiber (PCF), Ultra-High Birefringence, Nonlinear Coefficient
The purpose of this paper is to design a hexagonal microstructure photonic crystal fiber (PCF) which gives ultra-high birefringence and very low confinement loss for sensing application. To characterize the modal properties of the proposed photonic crystal fiber, finite element method is used. We found ultra-high birefringence of 3.34×10-2 at operating wavelength 1550nm by using simulation software comsol multiphysics. Our proposed PCF gives large value of nonlinear coefficient of 63.51 W-1km-1, large value of negative dispersion coefficient of -566.6 ps/ (nm.km), and also ultra-low confinement loss which is in the order of 10-7.
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