• Elham Sanagar Darbani Department of urban planning and design, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
  • Danial Monsefi Parapari Assistant professor, Faculty of Architectural Engineering and Urbanism, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran



Urban Heat Island, Outdoor Thermal Comfort, Urban Form, Conceptual Model


In recent decades, urban planners have endeavoured to mitigate climate change, by adaptation programs in order to alleviate its adverse effects on human health and wellbeing. Outdoor thermal comfort as an environmental factor affects human health, as proven by various research studies conducted in different climates. The aim of this paper is to explore the components of urban heat island, outdoor thermal comfort, and urban form. The relationship between these keywords and variables that affect outdoor thermal comfort was also analysed. The research method is descriptive-analytical and besides that, the qualitative research method has been used. The components of each keyword have been extracted based on professional theories. Finally, the ideal model of outdoor thermal comfort is proposed. This paper gives a comprehensive view to urban heat islands, urban form and outdoor thermal comfort


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How to Cite

Sanagar Darbani, E., & Parapari, D. M. (2022). IDEAL MODEL FOR INVESTIGATING URBAN FORM EFFECTS ON URBAN HEAT ISLAND AND OUTDOOR THERMAL COMFORT: A REVIEW. International Journal of Engineering Science Technologies, 6(1), 64–90.