STUDY OF TSUNAMI MITIGATION BASED ON VEGETATION IN SERENTING BEACH, MANDALIKA SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE, LOMBOK ISLAND

  • Slamet Mardiyanto Rahayu Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences,Universitas Islam Al-Azhar, NTB 83237, Indonesia
  • Arista Suci Andini Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences,Universitas Islam Al-Azhar, NTB 83237, Indonesia
Keywords: Mandalika, Serenting Beach, Tsunami Mitigation, Vegetation

Abstract

Serenting Beach is one of the beaches in the Mandalika Special Economic Zone (MSEZ), Central Lombok Regency. The MSEZ is located in the southern part of Lombok Island and faces the Indian Ocean. The Mandalika Special Economic Zone is prospected to expedite the sector of tourism at Province of West Nusa Tenggara which is very potential. A few hundred kilometers to the south part of Lombok Island is one of the large tectonic plates meeting zones which is a major source of potential tsunami earthquakes. With the geological conditions of Lombok Island which is prone to tsunamis and the existence of environmental degradation in Serenting Beach, MSEZ, it is necessary to conduct research about study of tsunami mitigation based on vegetation in Serenting Beach, MSEZ, Lombok Island. Based on the research, there are several types of plants that need to be planted as a tsunami disaster mitigation effort in Serenting Beach, MSEZ, namely: Casuarina equisetifolia, Pandanus odoratissimus, Cocos nucifera, Hibiscus tiliaceus, and Terminalia catappa. The government and various related parties need to provide education to the public, tourism managers, and tourists to take an active role in protecting vegetation and not through illegal logging.

References

Fani, M.P. 2018. Tanjung Aan Beach as tourist attraction in Central Lombok. Domectic Case Study 2018 Ambarrukmo Yogyakarta Tourism College: 1-10.

Dhiauddin, R., Gemilang, W.A., Wisha, U.J., Rahmawan, G.A., and G. Kusumah. 2017. Mapping of Simeulue Island's Coastal Vulnerability Using the CVI (Coastal Vulnerability Index. EnviroScienteae 13 (2): 157-170. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20527/es.v13i2.3918

West Nusa Tenggara Province Financial and Development Supervisory Agency. 2018. Exotica Senggigi: Mandalika Got Us. Mataram: Financial Agency Supervision and Development of West Nusa Tenggara Province.

National Council for the Special Economic Zones of the Republic of Indonesia. 2018. Profile of Mandalika Tourism Special Economic Zone. Jakarta: National Council for Special Economic Zones of the Republic of Indonesia.

Shaw, R., Takeuchi, Y., Imura, M., Ogino, Y., Krishnamurty, R., Jayalaksmi, V., Lakshmi, A., Babu. S., Pribadi, K.S., Argo, T., Surjaningsih, R.D., Oetomo, A., Mariany, A., Ekawati, N., Parlan, H., Saptoadi, T., Nadapdap, J., Mildawty, M., Nianthi, R., Hennayake, S.K., Bandara, M., Nandalal, K.W., Herath, H.M.D.R., Bandara, R., Jayakumara, MAS., Nawfhal, A.S.M., Tennakoon, S.U.B., Alagan, R., Davendra, C,H., Jayasekara, S.R., Premasiri, S.M., Giragama, W.M.G.B., Jayasundara, S., Imbulana, L., Wijesinghe, M., and C. Perera. 2009. Building Resilience to Tsunami in the Indian Ocean. Japan: International Environment and Disaster Management Laboratory, Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University.

Mueck, M. 2013. Tsunami Hazard Maps for Lombok, Technical Document. Jakarta: GIZ International Services, Ministry of Research and Technology, Project for Training, Education and Consulting for Tsunami Early Warning System (PROTECTS) Capacity Development in Local Communities.

Tanaka, N., Sasaki, Y., Mowjood, M.I.M., and K.B.S.N. Jinadasa. 2007. Coastal vegetation structures and their functions in tsunami protection: Experience of the recent Indian Ocean tsunami. Landscape and Ecological Engineering 3: 33-45. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11355-006-0013-9

Muhari, A., Muck, M., and Spahn, H. 2012. Tsunami Mitigation Planning In Pacitan, Indonesia: A Review of Existing Efforts And Ways Ahead. Journal of Tsunami Society International 31 (4): 244-267.

Lay, T., H. Kanamori, C.J. Ammon, Meredith Nettles, Steven N Ward, Richard C Aster, Susan L Beck, Susan L Bilek, Michael R Brudzinki, Rhett Butler, Hether R DeShon, Göran Eström, Kenji Satake, and Stuart Sipkin. 2005. The Great Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake of 26 December 2004. Science 308: 1127-1133. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1112250

Subarya C., M. Chlieh, L. Prawirodirdjo, J.P. Avouac, Y. Bock, K. Sieh, A. Meltzner, and D.H. Natawidjaja. 2006. Plate-boundary deformation associated with the great Sumatra–Andaman earthquake. Science 440: 46-51. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04522

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. 2018. Tidal Wave/Tsunami in Banten. Jakarta: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

Ministry of Home Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia. 2006. Regulation of the Minister of Home Affairs No.33 of 2006 concerning General Guidelines for Disaster Mitigation. Jakarta: Ministry of Home Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia.

Bayas, J.C.L, Marohn, C., Dercon, G., Dewi, S., Piepho, H.P., Joshi, L., Noordwijk, M.V., and G. Cadish. 2011. Influence of coastal vegetation on the 2004 tsunami wave impact in west Aceh. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108 (46): 18612-18617. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1013516108

Mukherjee, N., Dahdouh-Guebas, F., Kapoor, V., Arthur, R., Koedam, N., Sridhar, A., and K. Shanker. 2010. From Bathymetry to Bioshields: A Review of Post-Tsunami Ecological Research in India and its Implications for Policy. Environmental Management 46: 329–339. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-010-9523-1

Lunghino, B., Tate, A.F. S., Mazereeuw, M., Muhari, A., Giraldo, F.X., Marras, S., and J. Suckale. 2020. The protective benefits of tsunami mitigation parks and ramifications for their strategic design. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 117 (20): 10740–10745. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911857117

Susanto, D., Faida, L. R. W., and Sunarto. 2019. Effectiveness Model of Coastal Forest in Pananjung Nature Reserve, Pangandaran as Tsunami Buffer. Journal of Forest Science 13: 4-14.

Harada, K. and F. Imamura. 2005. Effects of coastal forest on tsunami hazard mitigation–A preliminary investigation” in Tsunamis. Springer: 279–292. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-3331-1_17

Thuy, N.B., Tanaka, N., and K. Tanimoto. 2011. Tsunami mitigation by coastal vegetation considering the effect of tree breaking. Journal Coastal Conservation 16 (1): 111-121. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-011-0179-7

Benazir, Triatmadja, R., Rahardjo, A.P., and N. Yuwono. 2018. The Implementation of Combined Roughness and Reflected Model (CRRM) in Tsunami Run-up Simulation through Coastal Vegetation. Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum 4 (3): 1-8.

Tanaka, N. 2009. Vegetation Bioshields for Tsunami Mitigation: Review of the Effectiveness, Limitations, Construction, and Sustainable Management. Japan: Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11355-008-0058-z

Rahman, A. and Rahman, A. 2013. Effectiveness of coastal bio-shield for reduction of the energy of storm surges and cyclones. Procedia Engineering 56: 676 – 685. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.03.177

Henuhili, V., Sudarsono, Suyitno, dan T.Aminatun. 2010. The Diversity of Fauna and Flora at The Coast Samas and Glagah of Yogyakarta. National. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Biology: 118-127.

Van Steenis, C. G. G. J. 2005. Flora. Jakarta: Pradnya Paramita.

Noor, Y.R., Khazali M., dan I.N.N Suryadiputra. 2012. Guide to Introduction to Mangroves in Indonesia. Bogor: Wetlands International Indonesia Programme.

Rahayu, S.M., Wiryanto, dan Sunarto. 2016. Tsunami Mitigation in Purworejo Regency, Central Java based on Vegetation Diversity. Fish Scientiae 6 (2): 63-79. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20527/fs.v6i2.2686

Purwono, Novy, A.S., Nizam, and Triatmadja,R. 2017. Characteristics of High Growth Casuarina equisetifolia and High Inundation of Tsunami when Propagating through Greenbelt Vertical Rod. Applied Mechanics and Materials 862: 21-26 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.862.21

Dengler, L. and J. Preuss. 2003. Mitigation lessons from the July 17, 1998 Papua New Guinea tsunami. Pure and Applied Geophysics 160: 2001-2031.

Shuto, N. 1987. The effectiveness and limit of tsunami control forests. Coastal Engineering in Japan 30 (1): 143-153. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/05785634.1987.11924470

Chadha, R. K., Latha, G., Yeh, H., Peterson, C. and T. Katada. 2005. The tsunami of the great Sumatra earthquake of M 9.0 on 26 December 2004 - impact on the east coast of India. Current Science 88 (8): 1297-1301.

Hiraishi, T. and K. Harada. 2003. Greenbelt tsunami prevention in South Pacific region. Report of the Port and Airport Research Institute 42 (2): 1-23.

Published
2020-12-25
How to Cite
RAHAYU, S. M., & ANDINI, A. S. (2020). STUDY OF TSUNAMI MITIGATION BASED ON VEGETATION IN SERENTING BEACH, MANDALIKA SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE, LOMBOK ISLAND. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 8(12), 60-68. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v8.i12.2020.2473