THE INSTRUCTIONAL PRACTICES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN ETHIOPIA: HULET EJU ENESIE WOREDA

Authors

  • Bizu Kinfe Zekiros Msc in Curriculum and Instruction in Collage of Education and Behavioral Science, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8987-5636

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v8.i11.2020.1682

Keywords:

Instructional Design, Instructional Practices, Instruction Model

Abstract

This study was examined secondary school teachers’ instructional practices by using First Principle of Instruction model as guiding principle. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were employed. The total populations of the study were 52. From these 40 Biology teachers, 4 directors, 4 supervisors and 4 department heads were selected through comprehensive sampling technique. Data were obtained through questionnaire, interview, classroom observation and document analysis. Various statistical tools such as mean, frequency and percentage were applied to analyze the data. The finding indicated that secondary school Biology teachers design their lessons by using First Principle of Instruction Model and they practiced it partially. And biology teacher’s instructional practices are aligned partially with First Principle of Instructional Model. Some factors that affect the design and implementation of the lessons based on the First Principle of Instruction model were identified: teachers’ related problems, students related problems, time constraints, policy issues, and resources. Based on the finding, it is recommended that woreda education office and general secondary schools should have to prepare short- and long-term training, seminars and workshop for teachers. Secondary school directors and supervisors should help teachers to have personal, professional knowledge and pedagogical skill. They should also support them by creating good educational environment.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Creswell, J. W. (2012) Educational Research. Planning Conducting and Evaluating Research (4th) Boston Pearson education Inc.

Daba, T.& Anbesaw, M. (2016). Factor Affecting the Implementation of Practice activities in science Education in some selected secondary and preparatory school of Afar Region. International Journal of Environmental a d Science Education.11 (12).

Daggett, W.R, (2011). The Daggett System for Instruction. International Center for Leader Ship in Education.

Francom, G. & Gardner, J. (2014) what is Task-Centered Learning. Tech Trends 58(5) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11528-014-0784-z

Francom, G., Bybee, D., Woltersberger, M., Merrill, D. (2009) Biology 100: Task Centered, Peer Interactive Redesign. Tech Trends 53(3) 85-100

Gardner, J. (2011) Teaching the Efficiency of Merrill’s First Principle of Instruction in improving understandably in introductory undergraduate Biology course. Unpublished doctoral dissertations.

Kali, Y., Levin-Peled, R., Dor, Y.J. (2009). The Role of Design Principle in Design Cause That Promote Collaborative Learning in Higher Education. International Journal of Computer in Human Behavior. Elsevier. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2009.01.006

Melesse, T. (2015). The Utilization of Instructional Process in Higher Education Institutions of the Amhara Region Ethiopia. Science Technology and Art Research journal 4(4), 182-193. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/star.v4i4.26

Merrill,. M.D. (2009) Finding (effective, efficient and engaging) Instruction Educational Technology, 49(3) 15-26Technology in Education 40(1) 5-22

Merrill, M. D. (2007) A task centered instructional strategies. Journal of Research on Technology in Education 40(1) 5-22 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15391523.2007.10782493

Merrill, M.D, (2002). First Principles of Instruction. Educational Technology Research & Development 50(3). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02505024

Merrill, M.D. (2006). First Principles of Instruction Analysis. Trends and issue in instructional design and technology 2nd prentice Hall. Inc

Micheal, F. Salman, M. Ayinla, O. (2012) Effects of Teachers Instructional Strategies Pattern on Senior Secondary School students Performance Mathematics Word Problems. Journal of Education and Practice.

Simegn, B. (2012) A study of secondary school EEL teachers pedagogical Beliefs and class Room Practice. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation Addis Ababa University.

Smith, p. L & Ragan. T.J (2005) Instructional Design (3rd) Hoboken, N J: Wiley

Tiruneh, D.T. Weldeslassie, A.G. Kassa, A. Tefera, Z. Decock, M. Elen J, (2015). Systematic Design of Learning Environment for Domain Specific & Domain General Critical Thinking Skill. Educational Technology and Research Development.

Downloads

Published

2020-11-25

How to Cite

ZEKIROS, B. K. (2020). THE INSTRUCTIONAL PRACTICES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN ETHIOPIA: HULET EJU ENESIE WOREDA. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 8(11), 53–62. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v8.i11.2020.1682