EVALUATION OF THE USE OF GLYCERIN AND SODIUM SILICATE IN WATER-BASED DRILLING FLUID

  • Francisco de A. Ribeiro Filho Escola de Engenharia, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2656-3672
  • Fernando B. Mainier Escola de Engenharia, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Luciane P. Costa Monteiro Escola de Engenharia, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Keywords: Drilling Fluid, Bi-Distilled Glycerin, Corrosion Inhibitor, Sodium Silicate

Abstract

Glycerin is a by-product of the transesterification reaction of vegetable oil to produce biodiesel. Glycerin production has increased as the number of biodiesel industries has grown. With features such as water solubility, low cost, and non-toxicity, it is a good substance for water-based drilling fluid formulations with less environmental contamination. The experiments were conducted using a drilling fluid commonly used in Brazil and were compared with glycerin additions at concentrations of 5, 10, 15, and 20% by volume. Considering that as a result of the raw materials used, the biodiesel production routes produce a contaminated glycerin, it was decided to use a bi-distilled glycerin. In addition, sodium silicate, which uses industrial water or seawater, was added as a corrosion inhibitor due to its good performance and environmental non-toxicity. The sodium silicate was effective in combating corrosion without interfering with the fluid properties. The values of plastic viscosity, yield point, L3 (reading 3 rpm), and gel strength, mostly presented results equal to or better than the original formulation of the fluid used as a comparison.

References

Fink, J. K. Oil field chemicals. New York: Gulf Professional Publishing, 2003.

Caenn, R. & Chillingar, G. V. Drilling fluids: State of the art. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 14(3-4), 1996, 221-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/0920-4105(95)00051-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0920-4105(95)00051-8

Schaffel, S. B. A questão ambiental na etapa de perfuração de poços marítimos de óleo e gás no Brasil (The environmental issue in the drilling stage of oil and gas maritime wells in Brazil). Dissertação, COPPE/UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2002.(in Portuguese).

Khodja, M., Khodja-Saber, M., Canselier, J. P., Cohaut, N., & Bergaya, F. Drilling fluid technology: performances and environmental considerations. In: Products and services; from R&D to final solutions, 2010, IntechOpen.

Al Juhaiman, L. A.; Mustafa, A. A.; Mekhamer, W. K. Polyvinyl pyrrolidone as a green corrosion inhibitor for carbon steel in alkaline solutions containing NaCl. Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, n. 1, v. 60, 2013, 28-36, https://doi.org/10.1108/00035591311287429 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/00035591311287429

Dhiman, A. S. Rheological properties & corrosion characteristics of drilling mud additives. Halifax: Dalhousie University, 2012.

Sinha, S., Agarwal, A. K., & Garg, S. Biodiesel development from rice bran oil: Transesterification process optimization and fuel characterization. Energy conversion and management, 49(5), 2008, 1248-1257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2007.08.010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2007.08.010

Meher, L. C., Sagar, D. V., & Naik, S. N. Technical aspects of biodiesel production by transesterification -a review. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, 10(3), 2006, 248-268. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2004.09.002 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2004.09.002

Garcia, E., Laca, M., Pérez, E., Garrido, A., & Peinado, J. New class of acetal derived from glycerin as a biodiesel fuel component. Energy & fuels, 22(6), 2008, 4274-4280. https://doi.org/10.1021/ef800477m DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/ef800477m

U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/glycerol.

Mainier, F. B., Figueiredo, A. A., de Freitas, A. E. R., & de Alencar Junior, A. A. M. The Use of Sodium Silicate as a Corrosion Inhibitor in a Saline Drilling Fluid: A Nonaggressive Option to the Environment. Journal of Environmental Protection, 7(13), 2016, 2025. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jep.2016.713157 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/jep.2016.713157

American Petroleum Institute, Purchasing Guidelines, Specification 13A 18th Edition, Specification for Drilling Fluids –Specifications and Testing, August 2010, https://www.api.org.

Félix, T.F., Vidal, E.L.F., Garcia, R.B., Costa, M.; Girão, J.H.S.; Pereira, E. Desenvolvimento de fluidos de perfuração à base de água com alta capacidade de inibição e alta lubricidade (Development of high inhibitory and high lubricity water based drilling fluids); 4º PDPETRO, Campinas, SP, Brazil, 2007. ( Portuguese).

Mendonça, J.C.M., Medeiros, R.C.A., Amorim, L.V. Influência da argila organofilica nas propriedades de fluidos de perfuração sintéticos produzidos com emulsificante a base da borra de óleo de soja (Influence of organophilic clay on the properties of synthetic drilling fluids produced with soybean oil sludge emulsifier). 23º Congresso Brasileiro de Engenharia e Ciências dos Materiais, 4-8 de novembro, Paraná, Brazil, 2018. (in Portuguese).

Jachnik, R. Drilling Fluid Thixotropy & Relevance. Stress, 2000, 1500.

Maxey, J. Thixotropy and yield stress behavior in drilling fluids. In AADE 2007 Drilling Fluids Conference, april (AADE-07-NTCE-37, 2007.

Published
2020-06-04
How to Cite
Ribeiro Filho, F. de A., Mainier, F. B., & Monteiro, L. P. C. (2020). EVALUATION OF THE USE OF GLYCERIN AND SODIUM SILICATE IN WATER-BASED DRILLING FLUID. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 8(5), 187-193. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v8.i5.2020.156