SOME REPESENTATIVE FOLK ART OF INDIA
Keywords:Pattachitra, Rituals, Mythological, Mother Nature, Geometrical Forms, Traditions, Lord Jagannath, Scroll Paintings, Kalams, Floor Picture, Devi, Nag, Kalamkari, Textile, Block Prints, Warli, Wall Painting
Indian folk art has its own recognition in universal context. It transmits from generation to generation having their own experience. Religious ceremonies and ritual acts are necessary for achieving psychological refinement. The folk culture moves around the elements of nature. The shapes are often symbolic and come out from their observations in simple pictorial language. The ritual paintings are generally created on wall, paper, cloth, and floor. The figures of human beings, animal, along with the daily life scene, mythological and rituals are created in rhythmic pattern with regional essence. Folk peoples express themselves in vivid styles through the paintings, this was the only means of transmission and inculcation of the culture through folk lore to a populace those who are not familiar with the written word. The traditions of folk culture are surviving in Odissa, Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Kerala are the unique representation of the region. Yet the changes with the time are noticed but characteristically folk art is not influenced by the time of change in academic or fine art circles and movements of Era.
Subramanian K.G.: Moving Focus, Lalit Kala Academy, New Delhi, 1978. Page 89
Mookerji Ajit: Folk art of India, Clarion books, New Delhi, 1986,page 63- 65
Ibid : page 14-20
Mukherjee Radhakamal: Social Function of Art, Bhartiya Vidya Prakashan, Delhi, Varanasi 1988, page - 30- 50
Kaushik Dinkar: Kal Aur Kala, Rajhans Prakashan, Delhi- 6, Patna- 6, 1967, page 86- 88
Thakurta Roy, Shatarupa; Aesthetic continuum of contemporary folk paintings of india:case study of five traditional practices /http://gyan.iitg.ernet.in/handle/123456789/568)
Mukherjee Radhakamal: Ibid page 226
Mukherjee Radhakamal:Ibid page 63-65
Culture trip Ibid
Mookerji Ajit: Ibid, page
Culture trip Ibid
Majumdar Shanker Ranjan: KALA- A journal of Indian art history congress/vol:xiii2007-2008;page 97-100
Mookerjee Ajit: Ibid page
www.keralaculture.org/ kalamezhuthupattu/66-Ritualart forms of Kerala
Subramanian K.G. Moving Focus; Lalit Kala Academy New Delhi 1978 page 89
Chatterjee Suniti Kumar Atreya, Bhikhan Lal Danielou Alian; Indian culture Universal Publication company Delhi - 6 1966 page 1
Pandey Anjali: Indian folk art, Essence of Environmental Studies and Global peace, Shodh Samvat xxi-3/91
Pandey Anjali: Traditional Toys Research Journal of Social and Life Sciences December 2014.
Fig: 1 &2 courtesy -culture trip (Pattachitra) Ibid “fair use”
Fig: 3 courtesy- utsavpedia.com Ibid “fair use”
Fig 4 courtesy- https//www.kerelataxis.com/kalamezhuthu “fair use”
Fig 5 courtesy- https://www.shutterstock.com/warli painting “fair use”
Fig courtesy- artzolo.com/traditional/folk-art /Warli Art “fair use”
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