• K. G. ANZARA UFR Agroforesterie, Université Jean Lorougnon Guède, BP 150, Daloa, Côte d’Ivoire
  • B. B. N. GORE UFR Agroforesterie, Université Jean Lorougnon Guède, BP 150, Daloa, Côte d’Ivoire
  • B. N. D. Fouha Unité de Formation et de Recherche des Sciences de la nature, Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire
  • K. K. KOFFI Unité de Formation et de Recherche des Sciences de la nature, Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire
  • J-P BAUDOIN Unité de Phytotechnie Tropicale et Horticulture, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech (GxABT), Université de Liège, passage des Déportés 2, B-5030 Gembloux, Belgique
  • B. I. A. ZORO Unité de Formation et de Recherche des Sciences de la nature, Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire
Keywords: Organic Manure, Lagenaria Siceraria, Insect Damage, Proportion Of Damage Foliar, Severity Of Damage


Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley is cultivated mainly for its oil-rich seeds and high nutrition value. It represents a potential source of additional income to rural women who are the main producers. However, production of L. siceraria is characterized by low yields, mainly due to beetle foliar damage. The evaluation of foliar damage on different accessions was based on Proportion of Damage Foliar (PDF) and Severity of Damage (SeDa). Of all accessions, only NI431 had were a proportion of leaves destroyed below 50%. Leaf surface damage for this accession was less than 25%. In contrast, NI227, NI219 and NI180 were characterized by more than 80% of the attacked leaves. In the following investigations, the effect of the organic manure based on beef droppings on the intensity of the foliar damage on NI431 and NI227 accessions was realized. The use of cattle droppings significantly reduced the number of leaves destroyed and the extent of damage in the NI227. Beef droppings also improved the yield of the plants of NI227. The difference in yield for NI227 between the two treatments (fertilized and unfertilized) was 33.53%. These results showed that it is possible to improve the productivity of NI227 through the use of organic manure. In contrast to NI227, Severity of the Damage was the same for both NI431 accession treatments (fertilized and unfertilized). This result showed that NI431 accession would be tolerant of insect pest and that this tolerance is related to genetic and non-nutritional factors of the soil.


Download data is not yet available.


Achigan-Dako, G.E., Fanou, N., Kouke, A., Avohou, H., Vodouhe, R.S., and Ahanchede A. Evaluation agronomique de trois espèces de egussi (Cucurbitaceae) utilisées dans l'alimentation au Benin et élaboration d'un modèle de prédiction du rendement. Biotechnology Agronomy Society and Environnement 10, 2006, 121-129.

Adja, N.A., Danho, M., Alabi, T.A.F., Gnago, A.J., Zimmer, J-Y., Francis, F., Kouassi, P., Baudoin, J-P and Zoro, Bi I.A. Entomofauna associated with African oleaginous cucurbits (Lagenaria siceraria Molina (Standl.1930) and Citrullus lanatus Thumb (Matsum & Nakai 1916)) and impact of pests on production. International Journal of Entomology 50, 2014, 301-310.

Altieri, M.A., and Nicholls, C.I. Soil fertility management and insect pests: harmonizing soil and plant health in agroecosystems. Soil & Tillage Research 72, 2003, 203-211. DOI:

Albaladejo, J., Castillo, V., and Diaze E. Soil loss and runoff semiarid land as amended with urban solid refuse. Land Degradation and Development 11, 2000, 363-373. DOI:<363::AID-LDR399>3.0.CO;2-R

Annabi, M. Stabilisation de la structure d’un sol limoneux par des apports de composts d’origine urbaine: relation avec les caractéristiques de leur matière organique. Paris (France): Institut National de Paris-Grignon, 2005, p 270.

Ayalew, G. Comparison of yield loss on cabbage from diamondback moth Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) using two insecticides. Crop Protection 25, 2006, 915-919. DOI:

Badji, H. Biologie et écologie des mouches des cucurbitacées. Didacus spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae) au Sénégal. Etude des moyens de lutte. Doctorat 3ème cycle. Dakar. (Sénégal): Université Cheikh Anta Diop, 1998, p 120.

Bakayoko, S., Nindjin, C., Dao, D., Tschannen, A., Girardin, O and Assa, A. Fumure organique et productivité du manioc (Manihot esculenta CRANTZ) en Côte d'Ivoire. Agronomie Africaine 19, 2007, 271-279. DOI:

Bresson, L.M., Koch, C., Le Bissonnais, Y., Barriuso, E., and Lecomte, V. Soil surface structure stabilization by municipal waste compost application. Soil Science Society of America Journal 65, 2002, 1804-1811. DOI:

Bubici, G., and Cirulli, M. Screening and selection of eggplant and wild related species for resistance to Leveillula taurica. Euphytica 64, 2008,339-345. DOI:

Cardinal, A.J., Lee, M., Guthrie, W.D., Bing J., Austin D.F., Veldboom, LR, and Senior, M.L. Mapping of factors for resistance to leaf-blade feeding by european corn borer (ostrinia nubilalis) in maize. Maydica 51, 2006, 93-102.

Chabalier, P.F., De Kerchove, V.V and Macary, H.S. Guide de la fertilisation organique à la Réunion. île de la Réunion: CIRAD, 2006, p 302.

Dhillon, M.K., Singh, R., Naresh J.S and Sharma, H.C. The melon fruit fly. Bactrocera cucurbitae: a review of its biology and management. Journal of Insect Science 5, 2005, 1-16. DOI:

Frantz, J.D., Gardner, J. Hoffmann, M.P., and Jahn, M.M. Greenhouse Screening of Capsicum Accessions for resistance to green Peach Aphid (Myzus persicaea). HortScience 39, 2004, 1332-1335. DOI:

Forster, R.E., and Brust, G.E. Effects of insecticides applied to control cucumber beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on watermelon yields. Crop Protection 14, 1995, 819-824. DOI:

Hoffmann, M.P., Kirkwyland, J.J., Smith, R.F. and Long R.F. Field Tests with Kairomone-Baited Traps for Cucumber Beetles and Corn Rootworms in Cucurbits. Environmental Entomology 25, 1996, 1173-1181. DOI:

Jacas, J.A., Garrido, A., Margaix, C., Forner, J., Alcaide, A., and Pina, J.A. Screening of different citrus rootstocks and citrus-related species for resistance to Phyllocnistis citrella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Crop Protection 16, 1997,701-705. DOI:

Koch, R.L., Burkness, E.C., and Hutchison, W.D. Confirmation of bean leaf beetle Cerotema trifurcate feeding on cucurbit. Journal of Insect Science 4, 2004, 6. DOI:

Koffi, K.K., Anzara, G.K., Malice, M., Djè, Y., Bertin P., Baudoin, J.P., and Zoro, Bi I.A. Morphological and allozyme variation in a collection of Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. from Côte d’Ivoire. Biotechnology Agronomy Society and Environment 13, 2009, 257-270.

Kouassi, N.J., and Zoro, B.A. Effect of sowing density and seedbed type on yield and yield components in bambara groundnut (Vigna Subterranea) in woodland savannas of Côte d'Ivoire. Experimental Agriculture 46, 2009, 99-110. DOI:

Kumar, H. Resistance in maize to Chile partellus (Swinhoe) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): an overview. Crop Protection 16, 1997, 243-250. DOI:

Loukou, A.L., Gnakri, D., Djé, Y., Kippré, A.V., Baudoin, J.P., Malice, M. and Zoro, Bi I.A. Macronutrient composition of three cucurbit species cultivated for seed consumption in Côte d'Ivoire. African Journal of Biotechnogy 6, 2007, 529-533.

Morales, H., Perfecto, I. and Ferguson, B. Traditional fertilization and its effect on corn insect populations in the Guatemalan highlands. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 84, 2001, 145-155. DOI:

Momotaz, A., Scott, J.W., and Schuster, D. Identification of Quantitative Trait Loci conferring resistance to Bemisia tabaci in an F2 population of Solanum lycopersicum × Solanum habrochaitesaccession LA1777. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 135, 2010, 134-142. DOI:

Nyabyende, P. Les plantes cultivées en régions tropicales d'altitudes d'Afrique. Gembloux (Belgique): Les presses agronomiques de Gembloux, 2005, p 217.

SAS (2004). SAS for windows. Cary (NC. USA): SAS Institute Inc.

Sobrinho, S.F., Auad, A.M., and Lédo, F.S. Genetic variability in Brachiara ruziziensis for resistance to spittlebugs. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology10, 2010, 83-88. DOI:

Pitan O.O.R., and Ekoja E.E,. Yield response of okra. Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench to leaf damage by the flea beetle. Podagrica uniforma Jacoby (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Crop Protection 30 pp 1346-1350. DOI:

Spiers, J.D. The effects of nutrient availability on the host plant resistance of gerbera to western flower thrips. Doctoral thesis. Texas (United States): Texas A & M University. Department of Horticultural Sciences, 2007, p 136.

Tabashnik, B.E. Van Rensburg, J.B.J., and Carrière, Y. Field-evolved insect resistance to Bt Crops: definition. theory. and data. Journal of Economic Entomology 102, 2009, 2011–2025. DOI:

Wang K.Y., Liu T.X., Yu C.H., Jiang X.Y., and Yi M.Q. Resistance of Aphis gossypii (Homoptera: Aphididae) to fenvalerate and imidacloprid and activities of detoxification enzymes on cotton and cucumber. Journal of Economic Entomology 95 2002, 407-413 DOI:

Zoro, Bi I.A., Koffi, K.K., and Djé, Y. Caractérisation botanique et agronomique de trois espèces de curcubites consommées en sauce en Afrique de l'ouest:Citrullus sp.. Cucumeropsis mannii Naudin et Lagenaria siceraria (Molina.) Standl. Biotechnology. Agronomy. Society and Environnement 7, 2003, 189-199.

Zougmore R., Zida Z., and Kambou N.F. Role of nutrient amendments in the success of half-moon soil and water conservation practice in semi-arid Burkina Faso. Soil and Tillage research 71, 2003, 143-149. DOI:

How to Cite