• Yinka-Banjo Chika Department of Computer Sciences, University of Lagos, Nigeria
  • Salau Abiola Adekunle Department of Computer Sciences, University of Lagos, Nigeria
Keywords: Smart fabrics, Wearable technology, Health and Medicine, Smart textiles, Sports, Fashion


Smart fabrics, generally regarded as smart Textiles are fabrics that have embedded electronics and interconnections woven into them, resulting in physical flexibility that is not achievable with other known electronic manufacturing techniques. Interconnections and components are intrinsic to the fabric therefore are not visible and less susceptible of getting tangled by surrounding objects. Smart fabrics can also more easily adapt to quick changes in the sensing and computational requirements of any specific application, this feature being useful for power management and context awareness. For electronic systems to be part of our day-to-day outfits such electronic devices need to conform to requirements as regards wear-ability, this is the vision of wearable technology. Wearable systems are characterized by their capability to automatically identify the activity and the behavioral status of their wearer as well as of the situation around them, and to use this information to adjust the systems' configuration and functionality. This write-up focused on recent developments in the field of Smart Fabrics and pays particular attention to the materials and their manufacturing techniques.


Download data is not yet available.


Lena T H Berglin, "Interactive Textile Structures-Creating Multifunctional Textiles based on Smart Materials," CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, Göteborg, Sweden, PhD Thesis 2008.

Matteo Stoppa and Alessandro Chiolerio, "Wearable Electronics and Smart Textiles: A Critical Review," Sensors, vol. 14, pp. 11957-11992, 2014.

G.R. Langereis, S. Bouwstra, and W. Chen, "Sensors, Actuators and Computing Architecture Systems for Smart Textiles. In Smart Textiles for Protection," vol. 1, pp. 190–213, 2012. DOI:

E. Zadeh, "Flexible biochemical sensor array for laboratory-on-chip applications," in International Workshop on Computer Architecture for Machine Perception and Sensing, Montreal, QC, Canada, 18–20 September 2006, pp. 65–66. DOI:

S. Coyle et al., "BIOTEX—Biosensing textiles for personalised healthcare management," IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed, vol. 14, pp. 364–370, 2010. DOI:

M. Pacelli, G. Loriga, N. Taccini, and R. Paradiso, "Sensing Fabrics for Monitoring Physiological and Biomechanical Variables: E-textile solutions.," in IEEE/EMBS International Summer School on Medical Devices and Biosensors, Cambridge, UK, 19–22 August 2007, pp. 1-4.

P. Salonen and L. Hurme, "A novel fabric WLAN antenna for wearable applications.," in IEEEInternational Symposium on Antennas and Propagation Society, Columbus, OH, USA, 22–27 June 2003, pp. Volume 2, 700-703.

Richard V. Gregory, Michael W. Gilpatrick, and and Louis W. Adams Jr., "Fabric having nonuniform," U.S. Patent Office, no. Number 5316830, 1992.

Syduzzaman, S.U. Patwary, K. Farhanaz, and S. Ahmed, "Smart Textiles and Nano-Technology: A General Overview.," J Textile Sci Eng, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 181, 2015.

P. Smith, "Body Covering," New York, 1968.

B Ariyatum, "The future design direction of Smart clothing development," Brunel University,2005. DOI:

Henock Hunde Dadi, "Literature Overview of Smart Textiles," Swidish School of Textiles, Boras Sweden, MSc Thesis 2010.

E.R. Post, M. Orth, P.R. Russo, and N. Gershenfeld, "E-broidery: Design and fabrication of textile based computing," IBM Systems Journal, vol. 39, no. 3&4, pp. 840-860, 2000. DOI:

How to Cite
Chika, Y.-B., & Adekunle, S. A. (2017). SMART FABRICS-WEARABLE TECHNOLOGY . International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 4(10), 78-98.