• Brijesh Pare Laboratory of Photocatalysis, Department of Chemistry, Govt. Madhav Science P. G. College, Vikram University, Ujjain- 456010, India
  • Vaishali Joshi Laboratory of Photocatalysis, Department of Chemistry, Govt. Madhav Science P. G. College, Vikram University, Ujjain- 456010, India
  • Satish Piplode Laboratory of Photocatalysis, Department of Chemistry, Govt. Madhav Science P. G. College, Vikram University, Ujjain- 456010, India
Keywords: Photocatalysis, operational parameters, wastewater remediation, Solar light, BiOCl nanoplates, XRD, HR FESEM


This work is devoted to the study of the effects of various operational parameters such as
H2O2, K2S2O8, NaCl, Na2CO3, FeCl3, Fenton’s reagent, O2, N2 purging, effect of other
photocatalysts on the photocatalytic degradation of toluidine blue dye by as synthesized nano
BiOCl under solar light in following conditions pH= 11, catalyst loading= 30 mg/100ml and
initial dye concentration= 4 × 10-5 mol L-1
. Nano BiOCl was prepared by a simple hydrolysis
method at room temperature and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and High
Resolution Field Emission Scanning Microscope (HR FESEM). XRD pattern suggested that
the synthesized nano BiOCl was highly pure and crystalline, SEM images depicted the
platelike morphology of nano BiOCl. The average particle size of nano BiOCl was obtained as
45 nm. It was observed that these operational parameters greatly influenced the rate of
photocatalytic degradation. The optimum concentrations of oxidants, salts, FeCl3 and
Fenton’s reagent for photocatalysis of toluidine blue have also been obtained.


Download data is not yet available.


Giwa A., Nkeonye P.O., Bello K.A., Kolawole E.G., Oliveira C.A.M.F., Solar Photocatalytic Degradation of Reactive Yellow 81 and Reactive Violet 1 in Aqueous Solution Containing Semiconductor Oxides, International Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 2 (4), 2012, 90.

Reddy S. S., Kotaiah, Reddy N. S. P., “Color Pollution Control In Textile Dyeing Industry Effluents Using Tannery Sludge Derived Activated Carbon”, Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 22(3), 2008, 369-378 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v22i3.61211

Sarwan B., Pare B., Acharya A.D., Jonalagadda S.B., “Mineralization and toxicity reduction of textile dye neutral red in aqueous phase using BiOCl photocatalyst”, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 116, 2012, 48-55 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2012.07.006

Konstantinou I. K., Albanis T. A., TiO2-assisted photocatalytic degradation of azo dyes in aqueous solution: kinetic and mechanistic investigations—A review, Appl. Catal. B: Environ. 49 2004, 1–14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2003.11.010

Kumar S., Meena H. M. and Verma K., Water Pollution in India: Its Impact on the Human Health: Causes and Remedies, International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences, 12 (2), 2017, 275-279

Shi Z., Wang Y., Fan C., Wang Y., Ding G., “Preparation and photocatalytic activity of BiOCl catalyst”, Trans. Nonferrous. Met. Soc. China 21, 2011, 2254-2258. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1003-6326(11)61004-2

Xiao X., Hao R., Liang M., Zuo X., Nan J., Li L., Zhang W., One-pot solvothermal synthesis of three-dimensional (3D) BiOI/BiOCl composites with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activities for the degradation of bisphenol-A, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 233-234, 2012, 122-130. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.06.062

Akpan U. G., Hameed B.H., Parameters affecting the photocatalytic degradation of dyes using TiO2-based photocatalysts: A review, Journal of Hazardous Materials 170, 2009, 520–529 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.05.039

Gnayem H. and Sasson Y., Hierarchical Nanostructured 3D Flowerlike BiOClxBr1–x Semiconductors with Exceptional Visible Light Photocatalytic Activity ACS Catal., 3(2), 2013, 186–191. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/cs3005133

Chen L., Yin S.F., Huang R., Zhou Y., Luo S.L., Au C. T. Facile synthesis of BiOCl nano-flowers of narrow band gap and their visible-light-induced photocatalytic property, Catalysis Communications, 23 2012 54–57 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2012.03.001

Zhang C., Zhu Y.F., “Synthesis of square Bi2WO6 nanoplates as high-activity visible light-driven photocatalysts, Chemistry of Materials”, 17 2005, 3537–3545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/cm0501517

Kalishwaralal K., Sangiliyandi G., Extracellular Biosynthesis of Silver nanoparticles by the culture Supernatant of Bacillus licheniformis, Material Letters, 62 (29), 2008, 4411-4413. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2008.06.051

Saquib, M., Muneer, M. TiO2-mediated photocatalytic degradation of a triphenylmethane dye (gentian violet), in aqueous suspensions, Dyes and Pigments 56 2003 37-49 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0143-7208(02)00101-8

Eskandarloo H., Badiei A., and Behnajady M. A., Study of the Effect of Additives on the Photocatalytic Degradation of a Triphenylmethane Dye in the Presence of Immobilized TiO2/NiO Nanoparticles: Artificial Neural Network Modeling, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 53(17), 2014, 6881–6895 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/ie500253q

Lee K. M., Lai C. W., Ngai K. S., Juan J. C., “Recent developments of zinc oxide based photocatalyst in watertreatment technology: A review”, Water Research, 88, 2016, 428-448 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2015.09.045

Adamek E., Baran W., ZiemiaNska J. and Sobczak A., “The Comparison of Photocatalytic Degradation and Decolorization Processes of Dyeing Effluents”, International Journal of Photoenergy, 2013 578191 2013 11 pages DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/578191

Munter R., “Advanced Oxidation Processes – Current Status And Prospects”, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Chem., 50 (2), 2001, 59–80

Chen F., Liu H., Bagwasi S., Shen X. & Zhang J., Photocatalytic study of BiOCl for degradation of organic pollutants under UV irradiation, J. Photochem Photobiol A: Chem, Photobiol. A: Chem. 215, 2010, 76

Tseng D., Juang L.and Huang H., “Effect of Oxygen and Hydrogen Peroxide on the Photocatalytic Degradation of Monochlorobenzene in TiO2 Aqueous Suspension”, International Journal of Photoenergy, 2012, 328526, 2012, 9 pages DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/328526

Pare B, Piplode S., Joshi V., “Solar Light Assisted Photocatalytic Degradation of Hazardous and Highly Water Soluble Pesticide Methomyl Using Flower like Nano BiOCl”, International Journal of Scientific Research in Physics and Applied Sciences, 5(5), 2017, 5-11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26438/ijsrpas/v5i5.511

How to Cite
Pare, B., Joshi, V., & Piplode , S. (2017). EFFECT OF OPERATIONAL PARAMETERS ON PHOTOCATALYTIC DEGRADATION OF TOLUIDINE BLUE UTILIZING BiOCl NANOPLATES IN SOLAR LIGHT. International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 4(12), 43-54. https://doi.org/10.29121/ijetmr.v4.i12.2017.590