THE INFLUENCE OF COMMUTERS SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS ON BUS SERVICE AFFORDABILITY AND USAGE IN KADUNA METROPOLIS, NIGERIA

  • Ojekunle Joel Ademola Department of Transport Management Technology. School of Entrepreneurship and Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
  • Akinola John Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Science, Ahmadu Bello Univerity, Zaria, Nigeria
  • Oluseyi Department of Transport Management Technology. School of Entrepreneurship and Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
  • Owoeye Adelanke Samuel Department of Transport Management Technology. School of Entrepreneurship and Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Keywords: Bus Service, Public Transport, Affordability, Trips, Accessibility, Commuters

Abstract

This study examines the influence of socio-economic characteristics of commuters on their level of bus accessibility and usage in Kaduna metropolis, Nigeria. Structured questionnaires and past literature were used as sources of data. This study used systematic random sampling to select eight major bus terminals from which 324 bus commuters were purposively selected for interview. Correlation and multiple regression models were used to analyze the data collected. The study revealed that trip frequency is positively correlated to the income of commuters with value (0.324)). This implies that as commuters’ income increases so also is their bus service accessibility increases. Trip frequency is also found to be negatively correlated to gender with value of (-0.190) which implies that women travel less frequently than men and they also travel shorter distances than men. The study further reveals that women rely more on bus services than men. The regression model also shows that marital status and monthly income are found to be positively significant with P-value of (0.001) and (0.000) at 5% significant level respectively. The study therefore recommends that a public transportation system that is responsive to meet gender differentials in transport needs of commuters should be introduced in Kaduna City.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Armstrong-Wright, and Sebastian Bus Services: Reducing Cost, Raising Standards, Urban transport series, 1987, The World Bank.

Armstrong-Wright, and Sebastian Bus Services: Reducing Cost, Raising Standards, Urban transport series, 1987, The World Bank.

Beimborn, E.A., Greenwald, M.J., and Jin, X. Accessibility, Connectivity, and Captivity: Impacts on Transit Choice, Transportation Research Record 2003, 1835, 1–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3141/1835-01

Ben-Akiva, M. and Lerman S., Disaggregate Travel and Mobility Choice Models and Measures of Accessibility Behavior Travel Modelling, Eds. Hensher, D., and Stopher, P., London: Croom Helm, 1979, 654-679”

Benson, D.E. Suburban Transit Planning and Forecasting. Transportation Research Record. No 519, 1974, 36–45.

Beirao, G., Sarsfield-Cabral J.A. Understanding Attitudes Towards Public Transport And Private Car: A Qualitative Study, Transport Policy. 14 (6), 2007, pp 478-489. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2007.04.009

Eboli, L., Mazzulla, G. How To Capture The Passengers’ Point of View on A Transit Service Through Rating And Choice Options. Transport Reviews 30 (4), 2010, pp. 435450. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01441640903068441

Eboli, L. & Mazzulla, G. A Methodology For Evaluating Transit Service Quality Based on Subjective and Objective Measures From The Passengers Point Of View. Transport Policy, 18, 2011, 172-181. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2010.07.007

El-Geneidy, A., Horning, J. and Krizek, K.J. Using Archived ITS Data to Improve Transit Performance and Management, Minnesota Department of Transportation Research Services Section. 2007

Falcocchio, J.C., Pignataro, L.J., and Cantilli, E.J. Modal Choices And Travel Attributes of InnerCity Poor. Transportation Research Record 403, 1972, 6–17.

Friman, M., Fellesson, M. Service Supply and Customer Satisfaction in Public Transportation: The Quality Paradox, Journal of Public Transportation 12 (4), 2009 pp.57-69. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5038/2375-0901.12.4.4

Geerlings and Klementschitz, et al., Developing of methodology for benchmarking public transportation organisations: a practical tool based on an industry sound methodology, Journal of cleaner production. 14, 2006, 113-123. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2005.03.021

Geurs and Ritsema Van Eck Accessibility Measures Review and Applications, Utrecht, the Netherlands, and RIVM research for research for man environment: 256, 2001.

Handy, S.L., and Niemeier, D.A. Measuring Accessibility: An Exploration of Issues and Alternatives, Environment and Planning A, 29, 1997, 1175-1194. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1068/a291175

Hanson S., and Schwab, M. Accessibility And Intra urban Travel, Environment and Planning A,19, 1987, 735-748. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1068/a190735

Hydén, C. et al., Trafiken I Den Hållbara Staden. Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2008.

Iles “Public Transport in Developing Countries”, Elsevier Ltd., 2005 . DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/9780080456812

Iseki, H., and Taylor, B.D. “Style versus Service? An Analysis of User Perceptions of Transit Stops and Stations in Los Angeles”, Transportation Research Board, Proceedings from the 87th Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., January 13-17 2008.

Kimpel, T.J. Time Point-Level Analysis Of Transit Service Reliability And Passenger

Demand, Urban Studies and Planning, Portland State University, Portland, 2001.

Morris, J.M., Dumble, P.L., and Wigan, M.R. (1979) “Accessibility Indicators for Transport Planning” Transportation Research A, 13A, 91-109. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-2607(79)90012-8

Nathanail, E. Measuring The Quality Of Service For Passengers On The Hellenic

Railways”, Transportation Research 42 (A), 2008 pp. 48-66. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2007.06.006

National union of road transport workers (NURTW), Bus Town Service Unit. Main Office, KantinKwaripark, Kaduna, 2012 .

Ndikcom, O.B.C. Elements of Transport Management, Bunmico Publishers, Nigeria 2008 pp- 403 415

Oluwole, M.S. and Ojekunle, J.A GIS Application for Determining Public Transport Access Level in The Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja- Nigeria Journal of Geography and Regional Planning Vol 9 (8) 2016 pp 154-163 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/JGRP2016.0552

Slobodan, M. and Robin, C. The Concept of Affordability of Urban Public Transport Services For Low-Income Passengers. A World Bank Report, 2005 Worldbank.org/intURBANTRANSPORT/Resources/affordability-upt.

Solomon, K.M., Solomon, R.J. and Sillien, J.S. Passenger Psychological Dynamics: Sources Of Information On Urban Transportation, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York 1968.

Strathman, J.G., Kimpel, T.J., Callas, S. Headway Deviation Effects On Bus Passenger Loads: Analysis of Tri-Met’s archived AVL-APC Data, Center for Urban Studies, Portland, 2003.

Strathman, J.G., Kimpel, T.J., Dueker, K.J. “Automated Bus Dispatching, Operations Control, and Service Reliability” Transportation Research Record 1666, 1999, pp. 28-36. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3141/1666-04

Transportation Research Board. Highway Capacity Manual. National Research Council, Washington, D.C, 2003.

Turnquist M, Blume S. Evaluating Potential Effectiveness Of Headway Control Strategies For Transit Systems, Transportation Research Record 746, 1980, pp. 25-29.

Tyrinopoulos, Y., Antoniou, C. Public Transit User Satisfaction: Variability And Policy Implications, Transport Policy 15 (4), 2008, pp. 260-272. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2008.06.002

Vasconcellos Urban Transport, Environment and Equity; The Case For Developing Countries, UK and USA, Earth scan publication Ltd, 2001.

Voges, E.M, and Naudes, A.H., “Accessibility in Urban Areas: An Overview of Different Indicators”, Technical Report RT/21/83, 1983, National Institute for Transport and Road Research, CSIR, South Africa.

Wach, M, and Kumagi, T.G., Physical Accessibility as a Social Indicator, Socio-Economic Planning Science, 7, 1973, 437-456. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-0121(73)90041-4

White, T. Public Transport: Its Planning, Management and Operations, New York, New York Press, 2002.

Wilson, N. Nelson, D., Palmere, A. Grayson, T.H. Cederquist, C. Service Quality Monitoring for High Frequency Transit Lines”, Transportation Research Record 1349, 1992, pp. 3-11.

Wikipedia, www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/fare 2013.

Zuidgest Sustainable Ruban Transport Development; A Dynamic Opitimisation Approach”. Department of Civil Engineering Centre for Transport Studies, Enschede, The Netherlands, University of Twente, phd:290, 2005.

Published
2018-04-30
How to Cite
Ademola, O., John, A., Oluseyi, & Samuel, O. (2018). THE INFLUENCE OF COMMUTERS SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS ON BUS SERVICE AFFORDABILITY AND USAGE IN KADUNA METROPOLIS, NIGERIA . International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 5(4), 123-137. https://doi.org/10.29121/ijetmr.v5.i4.2018.216