INFLUENCE OF PHOSPHORUS IMPURITY ON THE STRUCTURE AND NATURE OF THE DESTRUCTION OF THE GENUINE DAMASCUS STEEL

  • Dmitry Sukhanov PhD, ASK-MSC Company, Moscow, 117246, Russia
Keywords: Damascus Steel, Wootz Steel, Indo-Persian Steel, Bulat

Abstract

It is established that the ancient knife blade belongs to the Eastern group of Indo-Persian steel type genuine Damascus steel with a pattern of "Kara-Taban", which literally means blackshiny. The methods of spectral, x-ray phase and optical analysis show that the genuine Damascus steel is a high-purity non-alloy high-carbon steel with a high content of phosphorus. It is revealed that phosphorus, having a high segregation coefficient of impurity contributes to the process of segregation of carbon in the process of crystallization of crucible ingots. The main physical and chemical factors influencing morphology of structure formation of genuine Damascus steel are revealed. It is established the relationship between the structure and the nature of the destruction of the genuine Damascus steel under impact load.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

ZschokkeВ. Du Damasse et des Lames de Damas // Rev.de Metallurgie, 1924. №21, 635 – 669.(In France) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/metal/192421110639

Gaev I.S. Bulat and modern iron-carbon alloys // Materials Science and Heat Treatment of Metals, 1965. №9, 17-24. (In Russia)

Verhoeven J.D., Jones L.L. Damascus steel, Part II: Origin of theDamask Pattern. // Metallographe,1987. №20, 153 – 180.(In USA) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0026-0800(87)90027-9

Taganov I.N., Kalinin B.D. Influence of phosphorus impurity on the technology of Damascus steel. // Metalworking, 2009. №2 (50), 40 – 46. (In Russia)

Sherby, O. D., Wadsworth, J. Damascus steel // Scientific American, 1985, 252(2), 112-120. doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0285-112 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0285-112

Verhoeven, J. D., Pendray, A. H., Gibson, E. D. Wootz - Damascus steel Blades // Materials Characterization, 1996, 37, 9-22. doi.org/10.1016/s1044-5803(96)00019-8 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1044-5803(96)00019-8

Barnett M. R., Sullivan A., Balasubramaniam R. Electron Backscattering Diffraction Analysis of an Ancient Wootz steel Blade from Central India // Materials Characterization, 2009, №60, 252- 260. doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2008.10.004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2008.10.004

Levin A.A., Meyer D.C., Reibold M., Kochman W., Patrke N., Paufler P. Microstructure of a genuine Damascus sabre // Crystal Research Technology, 2005, №9 (40), 905- 916.doi.org/10.1002/crat.200410456 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/crat.200410456

Al-Biruni. Collection of information for knowledge of jewelry (Mineralogy). // Ed. Academy of Sciences of the USSR under the editorship Prof. G.G. Lemmlein, 1963. – 518. (In Russia)

Sukhanov D.A., Arkhangelskiy L.B. Damascus steel microstructure // Metallurgist, 2016, vol. 59, №9, 818–822.doi.org/10.1007/s11015-016-0178-x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11015-016-0178-x

Sukhanov D.A., Plotnikova N.V. Wootz: Cast Iron or Steel? // Materials Sciences and Applications, 2016, №7, 792-802. doi.org/10.4236/msa.2016.711061 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/msa.2016.711061

Sukhanov D.A., Arkhangelskiy L.B., Plotnikova N.V. Nature of Angular Carbides in Damascus steel. // Metallurgist, 2017,Vol. 61, №1-2, 40–46. doi.org/10.1007/s11015-017-0451-7 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11015-017-0451-7

Sukhanov D., Arkhangelsky L. Formation of Excess Carbide Phase in Damascus steel // International Journal of Modern Research in Engineering and Technology (IJMRET), 2017, Vol.2, Issue6, 9-18. ISSN: 2456-5628

Sukhanov D.A., Arkhangelskiy L.B., Plotnikova N.V. Damascus steel ledeburite class // Materials Science and Engineering, 2017. №1 (175), 1-7.doi.org/10.1088/1757- 899X/175/1/012017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/175/1/012017

Sukhanov D.A., Arkhangelsky L.B. Formation of Eutectic Carbides in the Structure of High-Purity White Cast Iron in the Forging Process.// Materials Sciences and Applications, 2017, No. 8, 351- 360. doi.org/10.4236/msa.2017.85024 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/msa.2017.85024

Sukhanov D.A., Arhangelskiy L.B., Plotnikova N.V., Sukhanova L.N., GolikovA.Yu. White Cast Iron Plastic Deformation. // Metal Working and Material Science, 2017, №4 (77), 43–54. doi.org/10.17212/1994- 6309-2017-3-43-54. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17212/1994-6309-2017-4-43-54

Published
2018-04-30
How to Cite
Sukhanov, D. (2018). INFLUENCE OF PHOSPHORUS IMPURITY ON THE STRUCTURE AND NATURE OF THE DESTRUCTION OF THE GENUINE DAMASCUS STEEL . International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 5(4), 26-37. https://doi.org/10.29121/ijetmr.v5.i4.2018.205