PRODUCTION OF A NEW ACTIVATED CARBON PREPARED FROM PALM FRONDS BY THERMAL ACTIVATION

  • Hoda M. Abdel Ghany Chemical Engineering Department, Minia University, Minia, Egypt
Keywords: Adsorption, Activated Carbon, Thermal Activation, Palm Fronds

Abstract

A new activated carbon has been thermally produced from palm fronds, obtained from palm trees, cultivated widely in desert areas. A (21.75%) yield of Palm Fronds Activated Carbon (PFAC) was obtained from via a physical method. Characterization of PFAC was studied. Welldeveloped porosities verified by SEM were about 14% higher than that of commercial activated carbon. The nature of the product was identified by XRD. The activation process caused both the formation of graphite layers and the increase in bulk density, the graphite layers occurred due to breaking of chemical bonds and carbon burn-off through weak carbon –CO2 oxidation. The development of micro porosity will lead to promising applications for the removal of metal ions, that can be achieved through the surface functional groups of PFAC, detected by FTIR. PFAC is very effective for the adsorption of methylene blue dye from aqueous solutions with great removal (99.5%).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Lee J.W., Choi S.P., Shim W.G., Moon H., Evaluation of the performance of adsorption and coagulation processes for the maximum removal of reactive dyes. Dyes Pigments, 69, (2006), 196– 203. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2005.03.008

Sourja C., Sirshendu D., Sunando D., Jayanta K.B., Adsorption study for the removal of basic dye: experimental and modeling, Chemosphere,58, (2005), 1079–1086.

Martin M.J., Artola A., Balaguer M.D., Rigola M. Activated carbons developed from surplus sewage sludge for the removal of dyes from dilute aqueous solutions. Chem. Eng. J., 94, (2003), 231–239. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1385-8947(03)00054-8

Radhika M., Palanivelu K., Adsorptive removal of chlorophenols from aqueous solution by low cost adsorbent-Kinetics and isotherm analysis, J. Hazard. Mater. B, 138, (2006), 116–124. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.05.045

Basar C.A., Applicability of the various adsorption models of three dyes adsorption onto activated carbon prepared waste apricot, J. Hazard. Mater. B, 135, (2006), 232–241. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.11.055

Onal Y., Akmil- Basar, C¸ Sarici Ozdemir C., Erdogan S., Textural development of sugar beet bagasse activated with ZnCl2, J. Hazard. Mater.142, (2007), 138–143. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.07.070

Legrouri K., Khouya E., Ezzine M., Hannache H., Denoyel R., Pallier R., Naslain R., Production of activated carbon from a new precursor molasses by activation with sulphuric acid, J. Hazard. Mater.B.118, (2005), 259–263. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.11.004

Prakash Kumar B.G., Shivakamy K., Miranda L.R., Velan M., Preparation of steam activated carbon from rubber wood sawdust (Heveabrasiliensis) and its adsorption kinetics, J. Hazard. Mater.B.136, (2006), 922–929. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.01.037

Wang S. L., Tzou Y. M., Lu Y. H., Sheng G., Removal of 3-chlorophenol from water using ricestraw-based carbon, J. Hazard. Mater.147, (2007), 313–318. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.01.031

Hameed B.H., Din A.T.M., Ahmad A.L., Adsorption of methylene blue onto bamboo-based activated carbon: Kinetics and equilibrium studies, J. Hazard. Mater.141, (2007), 819–825. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.07.049

Hameed B.H., Ahmad A.L., Latiff K.N.A., Adsorption of basic dye (methylene blue) onto activated carbon prepared from rattan sawdust, Dyes Pigments 75, (2007), 143–149. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2006.05.039

Tan I.A.W., Hameed B.H., Ahmad A.L., Equilibrium and kinetic studies on basic dye adsorption by oil palm fiber activated carbon, Chem. Eng. J.127, (2007), 111–119. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2006.09.010

TanI. A.W., Hameed B.H., Ahmad A.L., Optimization of preparation conditions for activated carbons from coconut husk using response surface methodology, Chem. Eng. J. 137, (2008), 462– 470. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2007.04.031

Jassem M. S., Abdulkarim M, S. and Firyal M. A., Batch Adsorption Study of Methylene Blue Dye onto Date stone activated carbon. Al-Mustansiriyah J. Sci.22, (2011), 6.

Chaouch N., Ouahrani M. R. and Laouini S. E. Adsorption of Lead (II) from Aqueous Solutions onto Activated Carbon Prepared from Algerian Dates Stones of Phoenix dactylifera L (Ghars variety) by H3PO4Activation. Orient J.Chem.30, (2014), 3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.13005/ojc/300349

El Hadrami A, Daayf F, El Hadrami I. Date Palm Genetics and Breeding. Date Palm Biotechnology. (2011) ,479-502. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-1318-5_23

El-Juhany L.I. Degradation of date palm trees and date production in Arab countries: causes and potential rehabilitation. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences.4, (2010), 3998-4010.

Johnson D. Worldwide Dispersal of the Date Palm from Its Homeland. IV International Date Palm Conference. 882, (2010); 369-375. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2010.882.42

Zabar A.F., Borowy A. Cultivation of date palm in Iraq. Anneals Universitatis Mariae Curie Sklodowska, Lublin –Polonia.22, (2012), 39-54.

Heuzé V., Tran G., Delagarde R. Date palm leaves and date pedicels. Prodinera. F).

Genin D, Kadri A, Khorchani T, Sakkal K, Belgacem F, Hamadi M. Valorisation of date-palm byproducts (DPBP) for livestock feeding in Southern Tunisia. I-Potentialities and traditional utilisation. Option medit. (2004), 221-226.

Souad R., Marc B., Amor H., Herve D., Hameed B.H. Physically activated microporous carbon from a new biomasssource: Date palm petioles. C. R. Chimie. 20, (2017), 881–887. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crci.2017.05.003

Mutasim H. Elhussien, Rashida M. H. Sumia A. N., Mawia H. Elsaim. Preparation and Characterization of Activated Carbon from Palm Tree Leaves Impregnated with Zinc Chloride for the Removal of Lead (II) from Aqueous Solutions. American Journal of Physical chemistry. 6,4, (2017), 59-69. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajpc.20170604.12

Maulina S.and Anwari FN. Utilization of oil palm fronds in producing activated carbon using Na2CO3 as an activator. Mater. Sci. Eng. (2018), 309. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/309/1/012087

Hassan M. Al-Swaidan and Ashfaq Ahmad. Synthesis and Characterization of Activated Carbon from Saudi Arabian Dates Tree’s Fronds Wastes. IPCBEE .20, (2018), 25-31.

Marcos J.P.,Francisco R.R. Chemical versus physical activation of coconut shell: A comparative study. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials. 152, (2012), 163-171. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2011.11.040

Salman J.M., Hameed B.H. Effect of preparation conditions of oil palm fronds activated carbon on adsorption of bentazon from aqueous solutions. Journal of Hazardous Materials.175, (2010), 133– 137. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.09.139

Supriya, Palanisamy P.N. and Shanthi P. Preparation and Characterization of Activated Carbon from Casuarina for the Removal of dyes and textile wastewater. Advances in Applied Science Research.1, 1, (2010), 58-65.

Yang.T and Lua. A.C, Characteristics of activated carbons prepared from pistachio-nut shells by potassium hydroxide activation. Micropor. Mater., 63, (2003), 113–124. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-1811(03)00456-6

Published
2019-04-30
How to Cite
Ghany, H. M. A. (2019). PRODUCTION OF A NEW ACTIVATED CARBON PREPARED FROM PALM FRONDS BY THERMAL ACTIVATION . International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 6(4), 34-43. https://doi.org/10.29121/ijetmr.v6.i4.2019.368