• J. Jeyakodi Moses Associate Professor, Department of Applied Science, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore 641004, India.
  • P. Sathish Assistant Professor, Chemistry, Hindusthan College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore 641032, India.
  • M. Keerthivasan B.Sc. Applied Science Students, Department of Applied Science, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore 641004, India.
  • R.J. Pragadeesh B.Sc. Applied Science Students, Department of Applied Science, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore 641004, India.
  • A. Pranesh B.Sc. Applied Science Students, Department of Applied Science, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore 641004, India



Polyethylene Terephthalate (Polyester), Polyvinyl Alcohol, Scanning Electron Microscope, Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, X-Ray Diffraction


Polyethylene terephthalate is one of the important synthetic ester polymeric material used in widespread areas.  In textile industry, this fibrous material finds use in most of the garment and apparel applications due to its ease of handling, maintenance, and drying and competes with cotton materials.  However, due to the maximum hydrophobic behavior, this textile material gives number of issues like accumulation of statics, negligible moisture content, poor comfort and aesthetic characters.  Hence, in order to use this polyester material in the general textile industries particularly for garment and apparel productions, it is necessary to increase to some extent of its hydrophilic character by the application of some suitable chemicals like polyvinyl alcohol.  In these context, in this work an attempt is made to treat the polyethylene terephthalate fabric with sodium hydroxide followed by polyvinyl alcohol so as to increase the aesthetic properties.  The output received after the polyvinyl alcohol treatment on this fabric gives the good results expected for the garment applications.



Download data is not yet available.


AATCC test method 197-2011, "Vertical wicking of textiles", Technical Manual of the AATCC, Research Triangle Park, U.S.A, 2011.

AATCC test method 20A-2002, "Fiber Analysis: Quantitative", Technical manual of the AATCC, Research Triangle Park, U.S.A., 2002.

AATCC test method 79-2010, "Absorbecy of textiles", Technical manual of the AATCC, Research Triangle Park, U.S.A., 2010.

Bal, S, & Behera, RC 2006 "Structural investigation of chemical treated polyester fibers using SAXS and other techniques", J. Miner. Mater. Charact. Eng., Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 179-198. Retrieved from DOI:

Barker AF 2004, 'Hand book of Textiles', Abhishek Publications, Chandigarh.

Brandrup, J, & Immergut, EH 1989, 'Polymer Handbook', John Wiley, New York,

Campbell, IM 2000, "Introduction to synthetic polymers", Oxford University Press, New York.

Dave, J, Kumar, R, & Srivastava, HC 1987, "Studies on modification of polyester fabrics I: Alkaline hydrolysis", J. Appl. Polym. Sci., Vol. 33, pp. 455-477. Retrieved from DOI:

Faterpekar, SA, & Potnis, SP 1981, "Dyeing of Grafted Polyester Fiber- Part I Effect of Poly (vinyl acetate) Graft on Dyeing Characteristics", Text. Res. J., Vol. 51, No. 7, pp. 448-453 Retrieved from DOI:

Finch, CA, Polyvinyl alcohol1973: Properties and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Gohil, JM, Bhattacharya, A. and Ray, P. 2006 " Studies on the Cross-linking of Poly (Vinyl Alcohol)", J. Polym. Res., Vol. 13, pp. 161-169. Retrieved from DOI:

Hearle, JWS 1972, Use of the Scanning Electron Microscope, Pergamon Press, Oxford.

J. Jeyakodi Moses, and Gnanapriya 2016, A study on modal fabric using formic acid treatment for K/S, SEM and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Oriental Journal of Chemistry 32 (2) : 1099. Retrieved from DOI:

J. Shao, J. Zheng, J. Liu, C.M. Carr 2005, Fourier transform Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy studies of silk fibroin. J. of Applied Polymer Science., 96, 1999-2004. Retrieved from DOI:

Kimizu, M, Shimb, Y, Abe, T, & Hori, T 2005, "Alkali hydrolysis of polyester fabric under ultra-high pressure", Fiber, Vol. 61, No. 4, pp. 109-114. Retrieved from DOI:

Kish, MH, & Nouri, M 1999, "Effects of sodium hydroxide and calcium hydroxide on polyester fabrics", J. Appl. Polym. Sci., Vol. 72, pp. 631-637. Retrieved from<631::AID-APP3>3.0.CO;2-A DOI:<631::AID-APP3>3.0.CO;2-A

Kudlacek, L, Hepnan, M, & Kasparova, Z 1986, Morphology of Polymers, Ed by Sedlacek, B., Walter De Gruyter and Co, New York,.

Kulshreshtha, AK, Khan, AH, & Madan, GL 1978, "X-ray diffraction study of solvent-induced crystallization in polyester filaments," Polymer, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 819-823 Retrieved from DOI:

Ledford, WT, & Wasson, JR 1989, "Polyester fibers, yarns, and fabrics with enhanced hydrophilicity and method of producing the same with borohydride anions and lithium cations", US Patent 4808188, Gastonia, N.C.

Li, Y, Neoh, K.G, & Kang, ET 2004, "Poly (vinyl alcohol) hydrogel fixation on poly (ethylene terephthalate) surface for biomedical application", Polymer, Vol.45, pp. 8779-8789. Retrieved from DOI:

Ludewig, H 1964, "Polyester Fibers-Chemistry and Technology", John Wiley & Sons, London.

Namboodri, CGG, & Haith, MS 1968, "Steric effects in the basic hydrolysis of poly (ethylene terephthalate)", J. Appl. Polym. Sci., Vol. 12, No. 9, pp. 1999-2005. Retrieved from

Namboodri, CGG, & Haith, MS 1968, "Steric effects in the basic hydrolysis of poly (ethylene terephthalate)", J. Appl. Polym. Sci., Vol. 12, No. 9, pp. 1999-2005. Retrieved from DOI:

Nimchua, T, Eveleigh, DE, Sangwatanaroj, U, & Punnapayak, H 2008, "Screening of tropical fungi producing polyethylene terephthalate- hydrolyzing enzyme for fabric modification", J.Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol., Vol. 35, pp. 843-850. Retrieved from DOI:

Ohe, T, Yoshimura, Y, & Abe, I 2007, "Chemical introduction of sugars onto PET fabrics using diamine and cyanuric chloride", Text. Res. J., Vol. 77, No. 3, pp. 131-137. Retrieved from DOI:

Ohguchi, M, Igeta, K, & Yashumura, T 1980, "Grafting of vinyl monomers onto synthetic Fibres, Part 2 :one step grafting onto poly (ethylene terephthalate) using benzoyl peroxide", Sen-i Gakkaishi, Vol. 36, pp. T435-T442. Retrieved from DOI:

Pajgrt, O, & Reichstadter, B 1979, "Processing of Polyester Fibers", Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, New York.

Pellew, C 1998, 'Dyes and Dyeing', Abhishek Publications, Chandigarh, India.

Peters, RH, 'The Physical Chemistry of Dyeing", Elsevier Scientific Publications Company.

Petukov, BV 1963, "The Technology of Polyester Fibers", Pergamon Press, Oxford.

Prorokova, NP, Vavilova, SY, & Prorokov, VN 2007, "Effect of ammonium salts on poly (ethylene terephthalate) materials", Fiber. Chem., Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 20-25. Retrieved from DOI:

Prorokova, NP, Vavilova, SY, & Prorokov, VN 2007, "Effect of quarternary ammonium compound preparations on poly (ethylene terephthalate) fiber", Fiber. Chem., Vol. 39, No. 6, pp. 445-449. DOI:

Rajendran, S, & Mishra, SP 2007, "Chemical, structural and thermal changes in PET caused by solvent induced polymer crystallisation," Polymers and Polymer Composites, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 103-110. Retrieved from DOI:

Ramachandran, T, & Kesavaraja, N 2004, "A study on influencing factors for wetting and wicking behaviour", Institute of Engineers (India)-Textile Engineering, Vol. 84, pp. 37-41.

Roberts, RC 1969, "Poly (ethylene terephthalate) I-Heat of fusion", Polymer, Vol. 10, pp. 113-116. Retrieved from DOI:

S.Y. Oh, D.L.Yoo, Y. Shin, H.C. Kim, H.Y. Kim, Y.S. Chung, W.H. Park, J.H. Youk 2005, Crystalline structure analysis of cellulose treated with sodium hydroxide by means of X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectroscopy. Carbohydrate Research, 340, 2376-2391. Retrieved from DOI:

Sanders, EM, & Zeronian, SH 1982, "An analysis of moisture related properties of hydrolysed polyester", J. Appl. Polym. Sci., Vol. 27, pp. 4477-4491. Retrieved from DOI:

Saville, B.P, 2004, "Physical testing of textiles", wood head Publishing Ltd and CRC Press, Cambridge, England., pp, 205-210.

Uchida, E, Uyama, Y, & Ikada, Y 1989, "Surface graft polymerization of acrylamide onto Poly (ethylene terephthalate) film by UV irradiation", J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Chem., Vol. 27, pp. 527-537. Retrieved from DOI:

Usenko, V 1979, "Processing of Man Made Fibers", MIR Publishing, Moscow.

Xi, X, Yuhai, G, & Wen, X 2003, "Preparation method of polyethylene terephthalate / polyvinyl alcohol hydrogen bond complex fabric", China Patent 01108689, Sichuan Univ.

Zhang, C, Yang, F, Wang, W, & Chen, B 2008, "Preparation and characterization of hydrophilic modification of polypropylene non-woven fabric by dip-coating PVA (polyvinyl alcohol)", Sep. Purif. Technol., Vol. 61, No. 3, pp. 276-286. Retrieved from DOI:

Zhifeng, Z, & Kun, Q 2007, "Effects of the molecular structure of poly (vinyl alcohol) on the adhesion to fiber substrates", Fibers. Text. East. Eur., Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 82-85.




How to Cite

MOSES, J., P., S., M., K., R.J., P., & A., P. (2021). PROPERTIES IMPROVEMENT ON POLYESTER FABRIC USING POLYVINYL ALCOHOL. International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 8(8), 27–41.