• Prof. Dr. Nazem Malkawi Faculty of Business and Economic-Jadara University-Jordan
  • Dr.”MohammadHaider“ S. Mohailan Institute of Public Administration – Saudi Arabia
  • Dr. Rehmeh N. Malkawi MD-Faculty of Medicine -Jordan University of Science and Technology-Jordan
  • Dr. Ahmad N. Malkawi Faculty of Dentistry-European University of Lefke-Cyprus




Leadership, Decision Making, Crisis, Corona Virus (COVID-19)


Motivation/Background: The purpose of this paper is to shed light on leadership and decision-making in situations of uncertainty and risks -the coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis, as well as to give a systematic framework as a guide for leaders to deal with the COVID-19 and other sudden crises.

Method: This paper is based on theoretical analytical methodology, where questions of the study are built, and then data were collected from previous research about study concepts. This helps in extracting lessons and principles that help researchers to answer study questions and build the methodological framework.

Results: The current COVID-19 is a global sudden crisis that differs from previous crises in terms of its strength, effects, and speed. It struck all health, economic, social and psychological aspects of life. It caused a challenge of supply chains to governments and organizations, accelerated transformation to virtual work, and brought cultural change at all levels. All this forced leaders to take quick and bold decisions in the absence of complete information and lack of transparency.

Conclusions: The originality of this study stems from studying the new COVID-19 crisis that suddenly struck the world and confused the most powerful countries and institutions, as leaders stood unable to deal with this crisis and its destructive effects in various aspects of life. Research on dealing with this crisis is still incomplete and subject to modification and change. Therefore, studying this and coming up with a systematic framework increases originality and novelty of this study.


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How to Cite

Malkawi, P. D. N., MOHAILAN, D. “MOHAMMADHAIDER“ ., MALKAWI, D. R. ., & MALKAWI, D. (2021). LEADERSHIP AND DECISION MAKING IN CASES OF UNCERTAINTY AND RISKS-THE CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19) CRISIS. International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 8(8), 52–74. https://doi.org/10.29121/ijetmr.v8.i8.2021.966