CAUSES AND IMPACT OF DELAY IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY OF INDIA
Keywords:Delay, Causes of delay, Delay impact, Delay in construction
Delays can be well-defined as the escalation of the stipulated time for the completion of the project. Delay is always the major loss to any construction project. In construction projects delay is a very usual thing and it can have an adverse effect on the project’s time and cost. As construction is one of the largest economic activity in India, the effects of delay are still in millions, which surely decreases the GDP of the country. Delay makes the process tardy and management of delay is extremely challenging as most of the projects do not meet the expected requirement and fails to perform within time. Therefore, various types and causes of delays should be studied accurately. There are many researches on construction delays but they talk about the wide-ranging reasons of delay, so there stays a high requirement of a notable and feasible study on delays at different stages of construction process in India. The aim of the paper is to identify the causes of delays at different stages of construction through questionnaire survey in Indian construction industry. Analytical tools used in this research are relative importance index (RII) and spearman’s rank correlation coefficient to rank the sources of delay with respect to its occurrence in the various stages of the construction project. The study concludes based on the correlation coefficient analysis between the construction stages, that the delays associated with before-construction stage is least related, with after-construction stage is third highly related, with construction stage is second highly related and delays associated with average/overall construction is highly related.
M. P. Anil Upadhyay, Vaishant Gupta, “A Case Study on Schedule Delay Analysis in Construction Projects in Gwalior,” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), vol. 03, no. 05, pp. 1312–1315, 2016.
J. G. Zack and P. V. Badala, “Pricing contractor delay costs,” AACE International Transactions, vol. 2, pp. 876–894, 2012.
S. Haq, Y. Rashid, D. Ph, and M. S. Aslam, “Effects of Delay in construction Projects of Punjab-Pakistan: An Empirical Study Effects of Delay in construction Projects of Punjab-Pakistan:” Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research., vol. 3, no. January 2014, pp. 87–96, 2017.
C. Iyer, K and N. Jha, K, “Critical Factors Affecting Schedule Performance: Evidence from Indian Construction Projects,” Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 757–773, 2017, [Online]. Available: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/10.1108/ECAM-03-2016-0062. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/ECAM-03-2016-0062
Ministry of Statistics, “Ministry of Statastics and Programme Implementation, Annual Report 2019-2020,” Government of India, p. 142, 2020, [Online]. Available: http://mospi.nic.in/sites/default/files/publication_reports/Annual_Report_2019-2020_English.pdf.
J. C. Gonçalves-Dosantos, I. García-Jurado, and J. Costa, “Sharing delay costs in stochastic scheduling problems with delays,” 4or, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 457–476, 2020, doi: 10.1007/s10288-019-00427-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10288-019-00427-9
H. Doloi, A. Sawhney, K. C. Iyer, and S. Rentala, “Analysing factors affecting delays in Indian construction projects,” International Journal of Project Management, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 479–489, 2012, doi: 10.1016/j.ijproman.2011.10.004. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2011.10.004
M. M. Kumaraswamy and D. W. M. Chan, “Contributors to construction delays,” Construction Management and Economics, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 17–29, 1998, doi: 10.1080/014461998372556. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/014461998372556
M. Głuszak and A. Les̈niak, “Construction Delays in Clients Opinion - Multivariate Statistical Analysis,” Procedia Engineering, vol. 123, pp. 182–189, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2015.10.075. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2015.10.075
M. Sambasivan and Y. W. Soon, “Causes and effects of delays in Malaysian construction industry,” International Journal of Project Management, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 517–526, 2007, doi: 10.1016/j.ijproman.2006.11.007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2006.11.007
K. C. Iyer and K. N. Jha, “Factors affecting cost performance: Evidence from Indian construction projects,” International Journal of Project Management, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 283–295, 2005, doi: 10.1016/j.ijproman.2004.10.003. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2004.10.003
Aibinu. A.A. and Jagboro. G.O., “The effects of construction delays on project delivery in Nigeria construction industry,” International Journal of Project Management, vol. 20, no. 08, pp. 593–599, 2002, [Online]. Available: www.elsevier.com/locate/ijproman. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0263-7863(02)00028-5
T. Gebrehiwet and H. Luo, “Analysis of Delay Impact on Construction Project Based on RII and Correlation Coefficient: Empirical Study,” Procedia Engineering, vol. 196, no. June, pp. 366–374, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.07.212. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.07.212
How to Cite
License and Copyright Agreement
In submitting the manuscript to the journal, the authors certify that:
- They are authorized by their co-authors to enter into these arrangements.
- The work described has not been formally published before, except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, thesis, or overlay journal.
- That it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
- That its release has been approved by all the author(s) and by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – of the institutes where the work has been carried out.
- They secure the right to reproduce any material that has already been published or copyrighted elsewhere.
- They agree to the following license and copyright agreement.
Authors who publish with International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors can enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or edit it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) before and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
For More info, please visit CopyRight Section