• Astom Mondal Research Scholar (CSIR-JRF), Department of Botany, University of Kayani, West Bengal-741235, India
  • Sankar Narayan Sinha Professor and Head, Microbiology and Virology Section, Department of Botany, University of Kalyani, West Bengal-74235, India



Idol Immersion, River Mayurakshi, Heavy-Metals, Water Pollution, Temperature


The country of India is the unique where different cultural heritage as well as festivals were found. Mainly the West Bengal state is known as various religious festivals, but Durga Puja is one of the biggest and end of this festival idol are immersed in the water bodies. Sainthia town found in the district of Birbhun, West Bengal, India which is present in the south bank of the Mayurakshi river. The idol immersion mainly effect on water as well as sediment quality of this river Mayurakshi near railway bridge at Sainthia. The study will be discussed for immersion effect of this sampling station, because in this point totally Sainthia town Durga idols were immersed. The water and sediment samples were collected at 7:30 am on 9th October 2019 during pre-immersion (before immersion) and 7:30am on 10th October 2019 during the post immersion (after immersion) in this time of periods. Mainly, the Durga idols are been made up by non-biodegrable substances such as clay, plaster of paris, cloths, paper woods, thermocols, jutes and synthetic paints etc. these are mainly toxic substances. Over all the used materials in making of idol, the thermocol is nonbiodegradable while paints contained highly toxic heavy metals like Cr, Cd and Pb. In this study has been made to analysis the physicochemical parameters like temperature, pH, TS, TDS, TSS, EC and three heavy metals like Cr, Cd and Pb on the collected water and sediment samples of the Mayurakshi river on before and after idol immersion periods of near railway bridge sampling station. The analysed results by based on various physicochemical parameters showed that the after immersion in the river Mayurakshi increases concentration of heavy metals and changes other physicochemical parameters of the both water and sediment samples. Finally concluded that, these changes of different parameters are harmful for aquatic life and human beings as well as the level of water pollution highly increases in this Mayurakshi river. So, the huge religious activities mainly causes of the water pollution where huge disturbing aquatic ecosystem.


Download data is not yet available.


Trivedy P.K. and Goel R.K., Chemical and Biological methods water pollution studies, Environmental publication Karad India (1986).

APHA, Standard methods for examination of water and waste water, American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C., 21st Edition (2005).

Zheljzkov, V.D, Nielson, N.E., 1996. Effect of heavy metals on peppermint and cornmint. Plant Soil 178, 59-66. DOI:

Weber-Scannell, P.K. and Duffy, L.K., Effects if Total Dissolved Solids on Aquatic Organisms: A Review of Literature and Recommendation for Salmonid Species. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3(1) (2007): 1-6. DOI:

Borma, L.D.S., Ehrlich, M. and Barbosa, M.C., Acidification and release of heavy metals in dredged sediments. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 40(6) (2003): 1154-1163. DOI:

Haileslassie, T. and Gebremedhin, K., Hazards of Heavy Metal Contamination in Ground Water. International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research, 3(2) (2015): 1-6.

Haiyan Li, Anbang Shi, Mingyi Li, and Xiaoran Zhang, Effect of pH, Temperature, Dissolved Oxygen, and Flow Rate of Overlying Water on Heavy Metals Release from Strom Sewer Sediments. Journal of Chemistry., (2013): 1-11. DOI:

Biksey T.M. and Gross, E.D., The Hyporheic Zone: Linking Ground Water and Surface Water-Understanding the Paradigm. Remediation/Winter. John Wiely & Sons. (2001). DOI:

Momodu, M.A. and Anyakora, C.A., Heavy Metal Contamination of Ground Water: The Surulere Case Study. Research Journal Environmental and Earth Sciences 2(1) (2010): 39-43.

Reddy, V.M. and Kumar, V.A. (2001) Effect of Ganesh Idol Immersion on some water quality parameters of Hussain Sagar, Current DScience, Vol.18:1412.

D.S. Bhargava, “Water quality variations and control technology of Yamuna River”, Environmental Pollution Series A: Ecological and Biological, 37 (4), 355-376 (1985).

A. Mehra, M. E. Farago, D. K. Banerjee, “A study of eichhornia crassipes growing in the overbank and floodplain soils of the River Yamuna in Delhi, India”, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 60 (1), 25-45 (2000). DOI:

S. Dhote, B. Varghese, S. M. Mishra, “Impact of idol immersion on water quality of twin lakes of Bhopal”, Indian Journal of Environment Protection, 21, 998-1005 (2001).

S. Pandey, S. Parvez, I. Sayeed, R. Haque, B. B. Hafeez, S. Raisuddin, “Biomarkers of oxidative stress: a comparative study of river Yamuna fish Wallago attu (Bl. & Schn.)”, Science of the Total Environment, 309 (1-3), 105-115 (2003).

R. Paliwal, P. Sharma, A. Kansal, “Water quality modeling of the river Yamuna (India) using QUAL2E- UNCAS”, Journal of Environmental Management, 83 (2), 131 144 (2007). DOI:

A. Rahman, “A GIS based DRASTIC model for assessing groundwater vulnerability in shallow aquifer in Aligarh, India”, Applied Geography, 28 (1), 32-53 (2008). DOI:

A. Kumar, B. S. Bisht, V. D. Joshi, A. K. Singh, A. Talwar, “Physical, chemical and bacteriological study of water from rivers of Uttarakhand”, Journal of Human Ecolology, 32 (3), 169-173 (2010). DOI:

A. Agarwal, R. S. Pandey, B. Sharma, “Water pollution with special reference to pesticide contamination in India”, Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 2 (5), 432 – 448 (2010). DOI:

A. K. Gupta, K. Mishra, P. Kumar, C. Singh, S. Srivastava, “Impact of religious Activities on The Water Characteristics of Prominent Ponds at Varanasi (U.P.), India”, Plant Archives, 11 (1), 297-300 (2011).

ICMR, Manual of standards of quality for drinking water supplies, Special report series No.44, 2nd Edition (1975).

BIS, Indian Standards Specification for drinking water IS: 10500. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards (2003).




How to Cite

Mondal, A., & Sinha, S. N. (2020). IMPACT OF IDOL IMMERSION ON WATER AND SEDIMENT QUALITY IN THE RIVER MAYURAKSHI AT SAINTHIA, DIST. BIRBHUM, WEST BENGAL, INDIA. International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 7(7), 50–57.