Arbitration, Court-Like Mechanisms, Investment Law, Resolving Investors' Disputes


This paper examines the movement in paradigm towards arbitration as a means of settling conflicts between investors in the field of investment law. The research evaluates the efficacy, equity, and influence of arbitration on state sovereignty and investor rights by examining the feedback of 300 professionals engaged in investment arbitration, such as lawyers, arbitrators, and legal academics. The quantitative analysis provides an impartial assessment of the success of arbitration in comparison to traditional litigation, emphasising its perceived efficiency and flexibility. Nevertheless, apprehensions regarding its influence on state sovereignty and divergent perspectives on equity and safeguarding of investors are apparent. The report also analyses the impact of worldwide economic and legal patterns on arbitration processes and predicts forthcoming modifications prompted by inclusion, technology, and legislation. Arbitration encounters difficulties in upholding impartiality, transparency, and accountability, notwithstanding its advantageous aspects. The results indicate the necessity for continuous adjustment and flexibility to address changing global circumstances and legal norms. This study enhances comprehension of international investment law by providing valuable perspectives on the present condition and future direction of arbitration as a means of resolving disputes.


Download data is not yet available.


Alvik, I. (2011). Contracting with Sovereignty: State Contracts and International Arbitration. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Anghel, I. (2004). Comprehensive Studies. American Journal of International Law, 169-201.

Arato, J. (2019). The Private Law Critique of International Investment Law. American Journal of International Law, 1-53.

Behn, D., Langford, M., & Létourneau-Tremblay, L. (2020). Empirical Perspectives on Investment Arbitration: What Do We Know? Does it Matter? The Journal of World Investment & Trade, 188-250.

Bookman, P. (2020). Arbitral Courts. Fordham University School of Law, 161.

Boyle, A., & Redgwell, C. (2021). International Law and the Environment. Oxford University Press.

Brown, C., & Miles, K. (2011). Evolution in Investment Treaty Law and Arbitration. Cambridge University Press.

Brown, J. (2021). The Protection of Confidentiality in Arbitration: Balancing the Tensions Between Commerce and Public Policy. London Metropolitan University.

Cato, M. (2020). The Expert in Litigation and Arbitration. Taylor & Francis.

Chew, P. (2011). Arbitral and Judicial Proceedings: Indistinguishable Justice or Justice Denied. Wake Forest L. Rev, 185.

Colorado, O. (2023). The Future of International Arbitration in the Age of Artificial Intelligence. Journal of International Arbitration.

Erie, M. (2019). The New Legal Hubs: The Emergent Landscape of International Commercial Dispute Resolution. Virginia Journal of International Law, 59(3), 61.

Faris, J. (2008). The Procedural Flexibility of Arbitration as an Adjudicative Alternative Dispute Resolution Process. De Jure, 504.

Freyen, B., & Gong, X. (2017). Judicial Decision Making Under Changing Legal Standards: The Case of Dismissal Arbitration. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 108-126.

Goldman, P. (2019). Legal Education and Technology III: An Annotated Bibliography. Law Library, 325.

Hoffman, D., & Arbel, Y. (2024). Generative Interpretation. New York University Law Review.

Howse, R. (2019). International Investment Law and Arbitration: A Conceptual Framework. In International Law and Litigation, 363-446.

Ignacio, D. (2023). The Greatest Victory'? Challenges and Opportunities for Mediation in Investor-State Dispute Settlement. ICSID Review-Foreign Investment Law Journal, 169-200.

Lee, S., Tan, K., & Lee, H. (2022). Asian State Practice in the Domestic Implementation of International Law. The Korean Journal of International and Comparative Law, 1-65.

Max, W., & Faure, M. (2022). Is Investment Arbitration an Effective Alternative to Court Litigation? Towards a Smart Mix of Litigation and Arbitration in Resolving Investment Disputes. BrooklynWorks is the scholarly repository of Brooklyn Law, 1.

Merrills, J., & De Brabandere, E. (2022). Merrills' International Dispute Settlement. Cambridge University Press.

Moehlecke, C., & Wellhausen, R. (2022). Political Risk and International Investment Law. Annual Review of Political Science, 487-507.

Onwuamaegbu, U. (2023). Stay of Enforcement of Awards Under the ICSID Convention-Trends and Issues. Arbitration International, 279-292.

Park, W. (1995). Neutrality, Predictability and Economic Cooperation. Journal of International Arbitration, 99.

Polanco, R., & Bjorn, A. (2022). International Arbitration in Times of Economic Nationalism. International Arbitration in Times of Economic Nationalism, 1-248.

Radovic, R. (2018). Inherently Unneutral Investment Treaty Arbitration: the Formation of Decisive Arguments in Jurisdictional Determinations. Journal of Dispute Resolution, 143.

Romano, C. (2006). The Shift from the Consensual to the Compulsory Paradigm in International Adjudication: Elements for a Theory of Consent. NYU Law School, 791.

Rühl, G. (2010). The Problem of International Transactions: Conflict of Laws Revisited. Journal of Private International Law, 59-91.

Samples, T. (2020). Investment Disputes and Federal Power in Foreign Relation. Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, 247.

Schreuer, C. (2023). ICSID Rules and Regulations 2022: Article-by-Article Commentary, Edited by Richard Happ and Stephan Wilske. The Journal of World Investment & Trade, 1-5.

Schultz, T., & Ortino, F. (2020). The Oxford Handbook of International Arbitration. Oxford University Press.

Thomas, D. (2023). The Modern Law of Marine Insurance. Taylor & Francis.

Trinel, P. (2022). Counterclaims and Legitimacy in Investment Treaty Arbitration. Arbitration International, 59-81.




How to Cite

Dirani, M., & Hassoun, R. (2024). ARBITRATION AND COURT-LIKE MECHANISMS IN INVESTMENT LAW: A PARADIGM SHIFT IN RESOLVING INVESTORS’ DISPUTES. International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 11(1), 1–22.