A STUDY ON GEOGRAPHICAL ROUTING WITH ADAPTIVE POSITION UPDATE
Keywords:MANET, Geographical Routing, APU, Mobile Nodes, Network, Wireless Topology
Geographical Routing is a routing methodology mainly used for wireless mobile networks (Mobile Adhoc Networks, MANETs). MANETs are comprised of mobile nodes or mobile computing devices which are free to move randomly and thus the network's wireless topology may also change randomly. In Geographical Routing, nodes need to maintain the current positions of their neighbors for making forwarding decisions and hence the Adaptive Position Update (APU) method is proposed. Based on the flexibility of the nodes and the forwarding decisions made in the network, APU dynamically keeps in track of the rate of position updates. It is based on nodes with movements which are complex to predict their updated positions frequently and also the nodes which are closer to forwarding paths and update their positions more frequently. The APU is validated by network simulations showing that APU can potentially reduce the traffic load and acknowledge the mobility of nodes. It also improves the routing performance in terms of packet delivery ratio and packet delays.
Sherjung, Dr. R. K.Sharma, “A Survey on Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, 2017.
Sharma, R., & Rajput, R., Er. “A Review Paper on Routing using Adaptive Position Update (APU) Strategy”, International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology, 2017.
Ms. Pranoti A. Bedekar, Dr. Y. M. Patil, Dr. A. S. Vaingankar, “Review paper on Adaptive Position Update for efficient routing in mobile ad hoc networks”, Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (JETIR), Vol. 1, Issue 6, Nov 2014.
Ravi Kumar Poluru, T. Sunil Kumar Reddy, D.Nagaraju, “Updating the Routing Position in Ad hoc Networks by using Adaptive Position”, International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT), Vol. 10, No.3, April 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V10P127
Babitha U B, “Adaptive Quadrant-Based Geographic Routing for MANET”, International Journal of Computer Science Trends and Technology (IJCST), Vol. 2, Issue 3, Jun 2014.
Robinpreet Kaur & Mritunjay Kumar Rai, “A Novel Review on Routing Protocols in MANETs”, Undergraduate Academic Research Journal (UARJ), ISSN: 2278 – 1129, Volume-1, Issue-1 2012.
Harminder Kaur, Harsukhpreet Singh, Anurag Sharma, “Geographic Routing Protocol: A Review”, International Journal of Grid and Distributed Computing (IJGDC), ISSN: 2005-4262, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14257/ijgdc.2016.9.2.21
Wadhwa D., Deepika, Kochher V.and Tyagi R., “A Review of Comparison of Geographic Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-hoc Network,” Advance in Electronic and Electric Engineering, ISSN 2231- 1297, Volume 4, pp. 51-58, 2014.
Prasanth K. and Sivakumar P., “Location Based Routing Protocol – A Survey,” International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI -2014), Jan. 03 – 05, 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCCI.2014.6921790
Menon V. and Prathap J., “Performance Analysis of Geographic Routing Protocols in Highly Mobile Ad Hoc Network,” Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, Volume: 54 No.1, 10 August, 2013.
Dhanarasan P, Gopi S, “Beacon Update for Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing Protocol in MANETs”, International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Applications, Vol.2, Issue 1, pp. 135-141, January 2014.
H. N. Saha, R. Singh and D. Bhattacharyya, "Hardware Implementation of Fidelity based OnDemand Routing Protocol in MANETs”, International Journal of Computer Network and International Journal of Emerging Trends & Information Security (IJCNIS), MECS, vol.7,no.8, pp.39-48, July 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijcnis.2015.08.05
D. Choudhury, D. Kar, K. R. Biswas and H. N. Saha, “Energy efficient routing in mobile ad-hoc networks , ” in proceedings of the 6th International Conference and Workshop on Computing and Communication (IEMCON -2015), IEEE Xplore Digital Library, October 2015 , pp. 1-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IEMCON.2015.7344477
Chitkara, M. and Ahmad, M.W., Review on MANET: Characteristics, Challenges, Imperatives and Routing Protocols. International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing, 2014.
Raza, N., Aftab, M.U., Akbar, M.Q., Ashraf, O. and Irfan, M., “Mobile Ad-hoc Networks Applications and its Challenges, Communication & Network, 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/cn.2016.83013
Hayder Majid Abdulhameed Alash thesis on “Impact of Mobility Models on Routing Protocols for Various Traffic Classes in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, Kent State University, 2016.
M.Bheemalingaiah, M. M. Naidu, D.Sreenivasa Rao, P. Sreenivasa Moorthy, “Survey of Routing Protocols, Simulation Tools and Mobility Models in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, International Journal of Innovations & Advancement in Computer Science (IJIACS) ISSN 2347 – 8616, Volume 6, Issue 11,November 2017.
Yan Sun, Junpeng Guo, Yuhui Yao, “Speed Up- Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing for Wireless Sensor Networks (SU-GPSR)”, in proceedings of the 18th International Conference on High Performance Switching and Routing (HPSR), IEEE Xplore Digital Library, July 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/HPSR.2017.7968691
How to Cite
License and Copyright Agreement
In submitting the manuscript to the journal, the authors certify that:
- They are authorized by their co-authors to enter into these arrangements.
- The work described has not been formally published before, except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, thesis, or overlay journal.
- That it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
- That its release has been approved by all the author(s) and by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – of the institutes where the work has been carried out.
- They secure the right to reproduce any material that has already been published or copyrighted elsewhere.
- They agree to the following license and copyright agreement.
Authors who publish with International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors can enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or edit it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) before and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
For More info, please visit CopyRight Section