ALGAE AS BIOINDICATORFOR POLLUTION OF TIGRIS RIVER BY INDUSTRIAL WASTE
Keywords:Algae, Bio Indicator, Discharge, Tigris River, Baghdad
This study has been conducted during 2016, the samples were collected from discharge of General Company for Vegetable Oil Industry before and after treatment in Baghdad city. Some parameters were measured such as: Temperature, pH, Electrical Conductivity, Dissolve Oxygen and Phosphate, all reading before treatment are very high but the readings degreased rapidly after treatment. In contrast, oxygen concentration before treatment was low and elevated after treatment so much until reaches to the optimal condition for all biological and chemical properties. In this study 37 species of algal were recorded. The dominant group by the large number of species was Bacillarariophyce (24 species) followed by Cyanophycea (6species), Chlorophayce (5 species), Euglenophyceae (1species). This study shows that species recorded in the this studyeventually will stilted in Tigris river as a result of the discharge processing of this facility, therefore, some species can be found in Tigris river basin come from General Company for Vegetable Oil Industry.
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