EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL STUDIES ON MULTI-BOLT DOUBLE COVER BUTT JOINTED GLASS FIBRE REINFORCED COMPOSITE LAMINATES WITH ALUMINIUM BUTT STRAPS
Keywords:Experimental, Numerical Studies, Reinforced, Composite
Numerical and experimental studies on multi-bolt double cover butt jointed glass fibre reinforced composite laminates with Aluminium butt straps (size 270 x 72 x 3/4/5 mm) subjected to a tensile load are presented. Experiments were conducted using the assembled specimens in Instron testing machine under uniaxial load. The test specimens exhibited bearing failure of the laminate at all bolt points followed by net tension failure along the line of bolts close to the grips. Investigation are conducted to study the effects of material composition, consistency of fabrication, bearing-bypass interaction / damage onset, specimen thickness on the stress-strain behaviour of the specimen, load distribution in bolts, types of fit and friction, material anisotropy and contact condition under bolt preload. Influence of these parameters on the contact stresses around the bolt and stresses in the butt straps are discussed. Finite element analysis was carried out using ANSYS for various parameters and results were compared with test data.
Hart-Smith L. J, Bolted Joints in Graphite Epoxy Composites, 1976, NASA Contractor Report, NASA CR-144899
Fu-Kuo Chang and George S. Springer, Richard A. Scott, Bolted joints in laminated composites, 1984, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2514/6.1984-917
Fu-Kuo Chang and Richard A. Scott, George S. Springer, Failure of Composite Laminates Containing Pin Loaded Holes – Method of Solution, 1984, Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/002199838401800305
Madenci E., Ileri L., Analytical of pin-loaded holes in composite laminates under combined bearing-bypass and shear loading, 1995, International Journal of Solids Structures, Vol. 32, No. 14, pp. 2053 – 2062. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-7683(94)00218-L
Yang B., Pan E. Yuan F.G., Three dimensional stress analysis in composite laminates with an elastically pinned hole, 2003, International Journal of Solids Structures, 40 (2003), pp. 2017 – 2035.
Crews J.H., Naik R.A., Combined bearing and bypass loading on a graphite/epoxy laminate, 1986, Composite Structures 6 (1986) 21 – 40. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0263-8223(86)90066-8
H.A. Whitworth, O. Aluko, N.A. Tomlinson, Application of the point stress criterion to the failure of composite pinned joints, 2008, Engineering Fracture Mechanics 75 (2008) pp 1829–1839. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engfracmech.2006.12.003
Olanrewaju Aluko, An Analytical Method for Failure Prediction of Composite Pinned Joints, 2011, Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2011 Vol III WCE 2011, July 6 - 8, 2011, London, U.K.
Álvaro Olmedo, Carlos Santiuste, On the prediction of bolted single-lap composite joints, 2012, Composite Structures 94 (2012) 2110–2117. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2012.01.016
M. M. Moure S. Sanchez-Saez, E. Barbero, E. J. Barbero, Analysis of damage localization in composite laminates using a discrete damage model, 2014, Composites Part B: Engineering 66: 224-232. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2014.05.015
Iqbal Shahid, Fu-Kuo Chang, An accumulative damage model for tensile and shear failures of laminated composite plates, 1995, Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 29, No. 7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/002199839502900705
Zlatan Kapidzˇic´, Larsgunnar Nilsson, Hans Ansell, Finite element modeling of mechanically fastened composite-aluminum joints in aircraft structures, 2014, Composite Structures 109 (2014) pp 198–210. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2013.10.056
Karami G., Sharifi - Jah M. R., Failure analysis of laminated composite pinned connections, 1999, Scientia Iranica Vol. 6 No. 2 pp 86 – 100.
M. S. Meon, M. N. Rao, K-U. Schr¨oder, Numerical Prediction of Bearing Strength on Composite Bolted Joint Using Three Dimensional Puck Failure Criteria, 2016, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Chemical, Molecular, Nuclear, Materials and Metallurgical Engineering Vol:10, No:10, 2016.
F. Rosales-Iriarte, N.A. Fellows, J.F. Durodola, Experimental evaluation of the effect of clamping force and hole clearance on carbon composites subjected to bearing versus bypass loading, 2011, Composite Structures 93 (2011) 1096 – 1102. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2010.09.016
Binnur Gören Kiral, Effect of the clearance and interference-fit on failure of the pin-loaded composites, 2010, Materials and Design 31 (2010) 85–93. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2009.07.009
P.J. Gray, R.M. O’Higgins, C.T. McCarthy, Effects of laminate thickness, tapering and missing fasteners on the mechanical behaviour of single-lap, multi-bolt, countersunk composite joints, 2014, Composite Structures 107 (2014) pp 219–230. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2013.07.017
Ivana Ilić – Zlatko Petrovic – Mirko Maksimović – Slobodan Stupar – Dragi Stamenković, Computation Method in Failure Analysis of Mechanically Fastened Joints at Layered Composites, 2011, Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering 58(2012)9, pp 553-559. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5545/sv-jme.2011.157
Srinivasa D. Thoppul, Joana Finegan, Ronald F. Gibson, Mechanics of mechanically fastened joints in polymer–matrix composite structures – A review, 2009, Composites Science and Technology 69 (2009) pp 301–329. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2008.09.037
P. P. Camanho and F. L. Matthews, Stress analysis and strength prediction of mechanically fastened joints in FRP: a review, 1997, Composites Part A 28A, Elsevier Science Limited, pp 529 – 547. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1359-835X(97)00004-3
Yi Xiao, Takashi Ishikawa, Bearing strength and failure behavior of bolted composite joints (part I: Experimental investigation), 2005, Composites Science and Technology 65 (2005) pp 1022– 1031. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2005.02.011
Fengrui Liu, Libin Zhao, Saqib Mehmood, Jianyu Zhang, Binjun Fei, A modified failure envelope method for failure prediction of multi-bolt composite joints, 2013, Composites Science and Technology 83 (2013) pp 54–63. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2013.04.018
P.P. Camanho, M. Lambert, A design methodology for mechanically fastened joints in laminated composite materials, 2006, Composites Science and Technology 66 (2006) pp 3004–3020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2006.02.017
Pedro Ponces Camanho, Failure criteria for fibre-reinforced polymer composites, 2002, DEMEGI.
Joseph Edward Shigley, Charles R. Mischke, 1989, Mechanical Engineering Design, Fifth Edition,.
Michelle Man, Yeow Ng, Ed Hooper, 2013, Advanced Composites Group, ACG MTM45-1 6781 S2 glass 35% RC qualification material property data report, SP3505WI-Q, National Institute of Aviation Research (NIAR).
Libin Zhao, Tianliang Qin, Jianua Zhang, Yuli Chen, 2015, 3D gradual material degradation model for progressive damage analysis of unidirectional composite materials, Mathematical problems in engineering, Volume 2015, Article Id 145629, 11 pages. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/145629
Metallic Materials Properties Development and Standardization, MMPDS-07, April 2012.
Unbrako Engineering Guide.
Yang Xu, Zhang Yining, Xu Xiwu, A strength analysis method of composite plate with multiple bolted joints, Acta Aeronautica Et Astronautica Sinica, 1998, pp. 1998-2001.
John L. Clarke, Structural Design of Polymer Composites EUROCOMP Design Code and Handbook, 1996, Chapman & Hall
Autar K. Kaw, Mechanics of Composite Materials, Second Edition, 2006, pages 342 – 360
Elbridge Z. Stowell, Stress and Strain Concentration at a Circular Hole in an infinite plate, NASA TN 2073, April 1950
B. Vangrimde, R.Boukhili, Measuring bolted joint bearing deformation and stiffness, ICCM12, Conference Paris July 1999, Paper ID 912, ISBN2-9514526-2-4.
John H. Crews Jr., C. S. Hong, I. S. Raju, Stress Concentration Factors for Finite Orthotropic Laminates with a Pin-Loaded Hole, NASA-TP-1862, May 1981
Walter D. Pilkey, Deborah F. Pilkey, Peterson’s Stress Concentration Factors, 3rd edition, 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470211106
How to Cite
License and Copyright Agreement
In submitting the manuscript to the journal, the authors certify that:
- They are authorized by their co-authors to enter into these arrangements.
- The work described has not been formally published before, except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, thesis, or overlay journal.
- That it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
- That its release has been approved by all the author(s) and by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – of the institutes where the work has been carried out.
- They secure the right to reproduce any material that has already been published or copyrighted elsewhere.
- They agree to the following license and copyright agreement.
Authors who publish with International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors can enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or edit it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) before and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
For More info, please visit CopyRight Section