DEFINING TERRITORIES IN AQUATIC PUBLIC SPACES: A CASE STUDY OF IJO MIGRANT FISHERMEN IN NIGERIA

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v9.i1.2021.3094

Keywords:

Territoriality, Migration, Architecture, Aquatic Spaces, Public Spaces

Abstract

This paper examines the issue of territoriality in aquatic public spaces and how it affects fishing rights amongst artisanal fishermen of Ijo ethnic origin, in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria. It focuses on how these fishermen view the concept of space and define territories with or without the play of architectural materiality and elements. The study adopts a qualitative approach using interviews, focus groups and oral history as methodologies. The findings show that although architecturally defined boundaries in form of markings or spatial demarcations are not common in the estuarine and riverine zones of the Niger Delta, they however exist. Often implied or expressed by actions indicative of territoriality, or even revealed through other anthropological symptoms.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adeyemi, E. A, Fashuyi, S. A, Fatunla, G. T. and Otaigbe, P. E. “Ondo State Study”, In: Ezewu, E. E. and Tahir, G. (eds) Ecology and Education in Nigeria: Studies on the Education of Migrant Fishers, 1997, Tabansi Publishers Ltd: Onitsha, Nigeria

Ames, K. M. “Supposing Hunter-Gatherer Variability” American Antiquity, 69(2), 2004, 364-374.

Amire, A. V. “Monitoring, Measurement and Assessment of Fishing Capacity: The Nigerian Experience”, FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, T445, 2003, 329-344.

Antai, E.E. “Geographical and Ecological Features of the Project Area” In: Miller, W (ed) Procedings of Fisheries Development Extensionist Training Course, 1991, Federal Department of Fisheries: Abuja

Ben-Yami, M “Integration of traditional institutions and people's participation in an Artisanal fisheries development project in southeastern Nigeria”, In: McGoodwin, J. R (ed) Understanding the Cultures of Fishing Communities 401, 2000, FAO Fish.Tech.Paper, 133-167.

Berkes, F, Hughes, T.P, Steneck, R.S, Wilson, J.A, Bellwood, D.R, Crona, B “Globalization, Roving Bandits and Marine Resources”, Science 311, 2006, 1557-8 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1122804

Binford, L. R. “Constructing frames of reference: An analytical method for archaeological theory building using ethnographic and environmental data sets”, Berkeley, 2001, University of California Press.

Borrero, L. A. and Barberena, R. “Hunter-Gatherer Home Ranges and Marine Resources: An Archaeological Case from Southern Patagonia”, Current Anthropology 47(5), 2006, 855-868 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/507186

Brisibe, E. S. “The Nature and Extent of Communal Ownership of Land in Traditional Izon Society”, Unpublished LL. B Thesis, 1986, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port-Harcourt

Brisibe, D.G “Succession to Property in Western Ijo”, Unpublished LL. B Thesis, 1990, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port-Harcourt

Brisibe, W. G. “Ijo fishing settlements in Nigeria: Facilities, spaces and activities”, Journal of the International Society for the Study of Vernacular Settlements, 3(2), 2014, 35-49.

Brisibe, W.G. “Common Pool Resources and Fishing Rights amongst Ijo Migrant Fishing Communities in the Niger Delta, Nigeria”, Savant Journal of Research in Environmental Studies, 2(1), 2016, 001-007

Brisibe, W.G. “Base Camp Architecture: examining variations in fisher dwellings in Nigeria and Cameroon”, Sage Open, (January - March Issue), 2016, 1-15, DOI: 10.1177/2158244016636942 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244016636942

Cashdan, E “Territoriality among Human Foragers: Ecological Models and an Application to Four Bushman Groups [and Comments and Reply]”, Current Anthropology, 24 (1), 1983, 47-66 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/202934

Cinner, J. “Migration and Coastal Resource Use in Papua New Guinea”, Ocean and Coastal Management, 52(8), 2011, 411-416 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2009.06.003

De Sylva, S. “Contested Thresholds and Displaced Traditions of Fisher Dwellings: A Study of Traditional Sri Lankan Coastal Architecture”, Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review, 2008, 20(1), 82

Diaw, M. C. “Social and production relationships in the artisanal maritime fisheries of West Africa: A comparative analysis”, 1983, Thesis, Michigan State University

Durrenberger, P.E and Palsson G. “Ownership at Sea: Fishing Territories and Access to Sea Resources”, American Ethnologist, 14(3), 1087, 508-522 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/ae.1987.14.3.02a00060

Ezewu, E. E. and Tahir, G “Ecology and Education in Nigeria: Studies on the Education of Migrant Fishers”, 1997, Tabansi Publishers: Nigeria

Fregene, B. T. “Profile of Fishers Migration in Nigeria and Implications for a Sustainable Livelihood”, African Migrations Workshop, University of Ghana, Ghana, September 2007. 1-10

Horton, R. “From fishing village to city-state: A social history of New Calabar”, In: Douglas, M. (ed) Man in Africa. 1969, London. 37-58

Jul-Larsen, E. and Kassibo, B. “Fishing at home and abroad - Access to waters in Niger's central Delta and the effects of work migration”, in Benjaminsen, T. and Lund, C.(eds) Politics, Property and Production in the West African Sahel. 2001, Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.

kȁrrholm, M. “Retailising Space: Architecture, Retail and the Territorialisation of Public Space”, 2012, Ashgate Publishing Limited, England

kȁrrholm, M. “The Territorialization of a Pedestrian Precinct in Malmȍ”, Urban Studies, 45 (9), 2008, 1903-1924 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098008093383

[kȁrrholm, M. “The Materiality of Territorial Production”, Space and Culture, 10 (4), 2007, 437-453 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1206331207304356

kȁrrholm, M. “Territorial Complexity, a Study of Territoriality, Materiality and use at Three Squares in Lund”, Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, 1/2005, 99-114

Kelly, R. “The foraging spectrum: Diversity in Hunter-Gatherer Lifeways”, 1995, Washington DC, Smithsonian Institution Press.

Khazanov, A. M. “Nomads and the Outside World”, 1994, University of Wisconsin Press

Kusimba, S. B. “What Is a Hunter-Gatherer? Variation in the Archaeological Record of Eastern and Southern Africa”, Journal of Archaeological Research, 13(4), 2005, 337-365. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10814-005-5111-y

Kramer, R. A, Siman Juntak, S.M.H and Liese, C “Migration and Fishing in Indonesian Coastal Villages”, Ambio 31(4), 2002, 367-372 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1579/0044-7447-31.4.367

Habraken, N.J. “The Structure of the Ordinary, Form and Control in the Built Environment”. 1998, Cambridge MA: The MIT Press

Habraken, N.J. “Transformation of the Site”, 1982, Chicago: ITT Press

Newman, O. “Defensible Space”, 1973, New York: Collier Books

Njock, J.C. and Westlund, L. “Understanding the Mobility of Fishing People and the Challenge of Migration to Devolved Fisheries Management”. In: Westlund, L., Holvoet, K. and Kebe, M. (eds) Achieving Poverty Reduction through Responsible Fisheries: Lessons from West and Central Africa. 2008, Food and Agriculture Organisation.

Okara, E. U. “The Migrant Fisherman: A social and economic analysis”. National institute for policy and strategic studies, Kuru: 2003, Nigeria.

Olawepo, R.A. “Using Participatory Rural Appraisal to Explore Coastal Fishing in Badagry Villages”. Nigeria Environmentalist 28(2), 2008, 108-122 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10669-007-9052-5

Pinho, P, Orlove, B, Labell, M. “Overcoming Barriers to Collective Action in Community-Based Fisheries Management in the Amazon”. Human Organization 71(1) 2012, 99-109 DOI: https://doi.org/10.17730/humo.71.1.c34057171x0w8g5p

Prussin, L. “African Nomadic Architecture: Space, Place, and Gender”. Washington and London, 1995 Smithsonian Institution Press and The National Museum of African Art.

Randall, S. “Review of Literature on Fishing Migrations in West Africa - From a Demographic Perspective”. Sustainable Fisheries Livelihoods Programme, FAO and DFID, 2005 pp. 40

Samba, A. and Faye, M. M. “Etude de la contribution des migrations de pecheurs artisans Senegalais dans la gestion des peches en Mauritanie et en Guinee”. Sustainable Fisheries Livelihoods Programme, (SFLP) 2006 (Unpublished working document) pp. 62

Scott, A. D “Conceptual Origins of Rights Based Fishing”. In: Neher, P. A (ed) Rights Based Fishing, 1989, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 11-38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-2372-0_2

Sikoki, F. D. and Otobotekere, A. J. T. “Fisheries”, in Alagoa, E. J.(ed), Lands and People of Bayelsa: Central Niger Delta. 1999 Onyoma Publications Ltd, Nigeria.

Symanski, R., Manners, I. R. and Bromley, R. J. “The Mobile-Sedentary Continuum”, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 65(3), 1975, 461-471. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8306.1975.tb01053.x

Tawari, F. Dissemination of Research Findings on Nomadic Education in Nigeria (The Migrant Fishers Education Experience): Issues and Directions. IEC/DFID Virtual and Physical Conference: Education for Nomads, Pastoralists and Migrant Fisherfolk. Abuja, Nigeria, 16-19th January 2002.

Downloads

Published

2021-02-09

How to Cite

Brisibe, W. G. (2021). DEFINING TERRITORIES IN AQUATIC PUBLIC SPACES: A CASE STUDY OF IJO MIGRANT FISHERMEN IN NIGERIA. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 9(1), 279–289. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v9.i1.2021.3094