TRANSITION FROM MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS: A CLOSE SCRUTINY FROM INDIA
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have gained a lot of interest due to the partial success of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in eradication of poverty and human development. India has taken a lot of initiatives to meet the targets for the same and have achieved progress in this regard. The MDGs were particularly helpful in communicating a clear purpose of development aid to mobilize public support. The SDGs seek to address not only the root causes of poverty but also the universal need for sustained development to provide a life of dignity to all. The main objectives of the present study are; to examine the performance of Millennium Development goals (MDGs) and make a comparison with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in India; to compare the component wise progress and policy initiatives of MDGs and SDGs in India; and to analyze the current progress of SDGs in India and also make a comparison among Indian states using the report of SDG India Index 2019. The data has collected from various official publications of UN, Government of India, NITI Aayog, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. The present study finds that SDG proposals will ensure momentum generated by MDGs is carried through to 2030 to end deprivations. India’s achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals will require a focus on the acceleration of inclusive economic growth; guaranteed access to comprehensive social services; vast investment in basic infrastructure and women’s empowerment. The present study is an attempt to analyze these issues in India.
Government of India (2017), Achieving Millennium Development Goals Target Year Factsheet – India, Government of India.
Ki-Moon, Ban (2015), “Foreword”, The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18356/bb0e61bd-en
Griggs, D, Stafford-Smith, M, Gaffney O, Nature J.R. (2013), Policy: Sustainable development goals for people and planet. Nature, Vol.495, PP.305-307. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/495305a
Sachs D. J, (2012), From Millennium development goals to Sustainable development goals. Lancet, Vol.379, pp.2206-2211. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60685-0
United Nations General Assembly (2015), Transforming our world: The 2030 agenda for sustainable development. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/7891Transforming%20Our%20.
Drèze, J, and Sen A. (2013), An Uncertain glory: India and its contradictions, Princeton University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.23943/9781400848775
Fishman (2015), Facts and Figures on Financing for Sustainable Development: A brief compilation. Retrieved June 2015, from http://www.irf2015.org/sites/default/files/publications/Retreat%20%236_SD%202_Final%20for%20website.pdf
Fukuda-Parr, Sakiko, Alicia Ely Yamin, and Joshua Greenstein (2014), The power of numbers: a critical review of millennium development goal targets for human development and human rights, Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Vol.15 (2–3), pp.105-17.
Harcourt, Wendy (2005), The Millennium development goals: A missed opportunity? Development, Vol. 48, pp.1- 4.
NITI Aayog (2019), Sustainable Development Goals India Index 2019, Government of India.
Sustainable Development Solutions Network (2019), Sustainable Development Report 2019: Transformations to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, https://s3.amazonaws.com/sustainabledevelopment.report/2019/2019_sustainable_development_report.pdf.
Mehta, Simi, Vikash Kumar, and Arjun Kumar (2018), Measurement of Sustainable Development in India and Bangladesh, Lessons in Sustainable Development from Bangladesh and India, pp. 79–101. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95483-7_4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95483-7_4
Thampi, Anjana (2019), Where Does India Stand on the Sustainable Development Goals? Social Development and the Sustainable Development Goals in South Asia, pp. 49–73, https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351035262-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351035262-4
Open Working Group Proposal for Sustainable Development. (2014), https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org//index.php?menu=1359.
Government of India (2017), Millennium Development Goals Final Country Report of India, Government of India. http://www.mospi.gov.in
Kumar S (2013), Health in international development Agenda: Present, past and future, Indian Journal Community Medicine, Vol.38, pp.129–31.
Government of India (2020), Sustainable Development Goals National Indicator Framework Progress Report 2020, Version 2.0, Government of India, ministry of statistics and Programme implementation, National statistical office.
Panda, Rajesh and Madhvi Sethi (2017), Millennium Development Goals and India: A Cross Sectional Analysis, International Journal of Applied Business and Economic Research, Vol.15 (16), pp. 427.
UN (2015), The Millennium Development Goals Report, United Nations, New York.
Copyright (c) 2020 Vipin Chandran K P, Sandhya P
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.