• Mahdi Lotfipanah Department of Medical Ethics and Law, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4673-2536




QR code, Barcode, Academic Journals, Scholarly Journals, Quick Response code, Identifier


In 1994 a squared two-dimensional barcode was invented by Toyota Company which changed and speed up the concept of tracking and identification. They chose its name QR which stands for Quick Response code. Quick Response codes can convey data such as show a geographical location, make a phone call, link to a simple text, link to a website or template email, access to a portable document format (PDF), display an image, link and download a specific application on a mobile device or Wi-Fi login. Academic journal leaders should notice that QR code as a unique shaped matrix code is increasingly being used by prestigious publishers and scientific journals. But has been ignored by eastern scientific journals and academic institutes for many years. As the author checked all English Iranian journals, no Iranian academic publication or publisher has and uses QR code or even barcode on their websites or on their journal covers till 16 Dec 2019. In this review, the author aimed to explore the use of QR codes specifically for academic publications, identify perceptions towards their use and any information that has been encountered during implementation.


Download data is not yet available.


QR Code development story: Denso Wave; [cited 2019]. Available from: https://www.denso-wave.com/en/technology/vol1.html.

Japan Robot Association Japan [December 2019]. Available from: https://www.jara.jp/e/list/regular.html.

History of QR Code [Dec 2019]. Available from: https://www.qrcode.com/en/history/.

Woodford Chris. QR codes and 2D barcodes [Dec 2019]. Available from: https://www.explainthatstuff.com/how-data-matrix-codes-work.html.

Peter Ian. So, who really did invent the Internet? [15 Dec 2019]. Available from: http://www.nethistory.info/History%20of%20the%20Internet/origins.html.

QR Code Generator [15 Dec 2019]. Available from: https://www.qrstuff.com/.

Sager Ira. Before IPhone and Android Came Simon, the First Smartphone: Bloomberg News; June 29, 2012 [15 Dec 2019]. Available from: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2012-06-29/before-iphone-and-android-came-simon-the-first-smartphone.

Sharp J-SH04: World’s First Ever Phone with Integrated Camera 2010 [15 Dec 2019]. Available from: https://gadgetizor.com/sharp-j-sh04-worlds-first-ever-phone-with-integrated-camera-pictures-2001/5482/.

Shintaro Okazaki Hairong Li, Morikazu Hirose. Benchmarking the Use of QR Code in Mobile Promotion: Three Studies in Japan. Journal of Advertising Research. March 2012;52(1):102.

Soon Tan Jin. QR Code. synthesis journal. 2008.

Kavanagh Duncan. Trends: Will QR Codes Make a Comeback in 2019? : Global Web Index; 17 Dec 2018 [16 Dec 2019]. Available from: https://blog.globalwebindex.com/trends/qr-codes-2019/.

Hopkins David. QR code in education: QR Codes ... A great way to pass information from on source to another: from teacher to student, from student to student, and even from student to teacher! 1st Edition. ed: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 2013.

USING QR CODES IN THE CLASSROOM TO ENHANCE LEARNING: What I have Learned; [15 Dec 2019]. Available from: https://www.whatihavelearnedteaching.com/using-qr-codes-in-the-classroom/.

44 QR Codes Resources for Teaching & Learning: Teach Thought; 16 June 2016 [15 Dec 2019]. Available from: https://www.teachthought.com/technology/44-qr-codes-resources-for-teaching-and-learning/.


Lee J-K Lee I-S Kwon Y-J. Scan Scan & Learn! Use of Quick Response Codes & Smartphones in a Biology Field Study. Am Biol Teach. 2011; 73:485-92. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2011.73.8.11

Coleman Jason. QR Codes: What Are They and Why Should You Care? Kansas Library Association College and University Libraries Section Proceedings. 2011;1(1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.4148/culs.v1i0.1355

DA MacRae. Introducing QR. Codes: linking print and digital content viasmartphone. Neurosurgery. 2011; 68:854-5.

International Brand Spark. 2013 [16 Dec 2019]. Available from: https://www.brandspark.com/.

Data Dive: QR Codes: Marketing Charts; 8 July 2013 [16 Dec 2019]. Available from: https://www.marketingcharts.com/digital-29525.

Lotfipanah M. Does Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) Increase Scientific Journals’ Visibility, Prestige, and Impact Factor as a New Method? International Journal of Knowledge Management and Practices. 2016;4(1):51-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21863/ijkmp/2016.4.1.018

Lotfipanah M. Enhance Impact of Researchers, Journals and Increase Success for More Citations. Trends in Information Management 2017;11(2):174-200.

Sentance Rebecca. The pros and cons of QR codes 18 April 2019 [cited 16 Dec 2019]. Available from: https://econsultancy.com/the-pros-and-cons-of-qr-codes/.

Chiraag Thakrar Karia corresponding author Andrew Hughes, and Sue Carr. Uses of quick response codes in healthcare education: a scoping review. BMC Med Educ. 2019;19(1):456. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1876-4

QR Stuff: QR Code Generator, Inc.; 2017 [16 Dec 2019]. Available from: https://www.qrstuff.com/.

Iranian journals of medical sciences database. [cited 16 Dec 2019]. Available from: http://journals.research.ac.ir/isi#.




How to Cite

Lotfipanah, M. (2020). UTILITY AND IMPACT OF QR CODES AND BARCODES IN SCHOLARLY JOURNALS. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 8(5), 51–54. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v8.i5.2020.55