• Amerjaphil Louie A. Vidal Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office, Llanera, Philippines
  • Anthony B. San Pedro Provincial Cooperative Entrepreneurship and Development Office, Nueva Ecija, Philippines
  • Freyanne A. Redoble Office of the Vice Mayor, Maria Aurora, Philippines
  • Mildred M. Bermudez Dr. Paulino J. Garcia Memorial Research and Medical Center, Cabanatuan City, Philippines




Climate Change, Conditional Cash Transfer, Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program, Family Development Session, Awareness, Participation


This paper determined the level of awareness of Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) beneficiaries on Climate Change and their level of participation in climate change adaptation and mitigation. The study is anchored on the Theory of Planned Behavior. The study utilized a descriptive survey method. The participants of the study are sixty-one (61) 4Ps Parent-Leaders from the twenty-two (22) barangays of Municipality of Llanera, Nueva Ecija. The results showed that 4Ps beneficiaries are aware of the effects of climate change but their participation to adapt and mitigate its effects are not always observed due to inadequate resources, technology and lack of support from the local government.  The study showed the need to evaluate the 4Ps beneficiaries on the application of Family Development Session topics regarding Climate Change. The study may provide baseline data for the formulation of local policies and programs for participatory climate change adaptation and mitigation.


Download data is not yet available.


Ajzen, I. (1991) Theory of Planned Behaviour. Amherst: University of Massachusetts. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T

DSWD. Social Protection Support Project Report for the 1st Semester of 2015.Unpublished.

Fernandez, L. and Olfindo. (2011) R. Overview of the Philippines’ Conditional Cash Transfer Program; The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (Pantawid Pamilya). 2011. The World Bank Group. Philippine Social Protection Note. May 2011. No. 2. Retrieved from

http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPENSIONS/Resources/395443- 114253580

Frufonga, R.F. (2015) The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) In Iloilo, Philippines: An Evaluation. Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research,Vol.3, No. 5, December 2015 Part II

Hardeman W., Johnston M., Johnston D., Bonetti D., Wareham N., & Kinmonth A.L. (2002) Application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour in Behaviour Change Interventions: A Systematic Review, Psychology & Health, 17:2, 123-158, DOI: 10.1080/08870440290013644a DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08870440290013644a

Hope, S.A.A. (2016) Knowledge, Attitudes & Practices Study On Climate Change Adaptation & Mitigation In Guyana. UNDP. Retrieved from:


La Viña, A.G.M., Reyes, M.A., Labaria E.C., (2017, March 26). The Philippines, Climate Change, and the Paris Agreement. Manila Bulletin. Retrieved from:


Mangahas, T.L.S., Casimiro, R.R. and Gabriel, A.G. (2018) Economically Challenged Women in Disaster Risk Management: Toward a Resilient Filipino Community.Open Journal of Ecology, 8, 42-56. https://doi.org/10.4236/oje.2018.81004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/oje.2018.81004

Pambid, R.C. (2017) Level of Application of Family Development Session to Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) Beneficiaries. PSU Journal of Education,Management and Social Sciences. Vol. 1 No. 1, pp.16-25.

Project Administration Manual (2015). Republic of the Philippines: Social Protection Support Project. Retrieved from: www.adb.org/sites/default/files/project-document/180401/43407-014-pam.pdf

Republic Act No. 9729, Climate Change Act of 2009

Reyes, C. M. and Tabuga, A. D. (2012) Conditional Cash Transfer Program in the Philippines: Is it reaching the extremely poor? Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Discussion Paper Series 2012-42 8399/2329423-1350588199143/8898265-1350588563122/philippines_cct.pdf

Skalik. J. (2015) Climate Change Awareness and Attitudes Among Adolescents in the Czech Republic. Retrieved from: https://www.envigogika.cuni.cz/index.php/Envigogika/article/view/472

The Asia Foundation. (2012) Climate Change Perception Survey. Dhaka, Bangladesh. Retrieved from: https://asiafoundation.org/resources/pdfs/ClimateChangeperceptionsurvey.pdf

UNDP Cambodia. (2012) Assessment Report on Awareness and Knowledge Level on Climate Change and Adaptation Practices. Retreived from:

http://www.kh.undp.org/content/dam/cambodia/docs/EnvEnergy/Awareness%20and %20Knowledge%20Assessement%20Report_Final.pdf

Vagias, Wade M. (2006) Likert-type scale response anchors. Clemson International Institute for Tourism & Research Development, Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management. Clemson University. https://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/k-4/stories/nasa-knows/what-is-climate-change-k4.html.




How to Cite

Vidal, A. L. A., Pedro, A. B. S., Redoble, F. A., & Bermudez, M. M. (2018). LEVEL OF AWARENESS AND PARTICIPATION OF PANTAWID PAMILYANG PILIPINO PROGRAM BENEFICIARIES ON CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 6(7), 76–84. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v6.i7.2018.1286