THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A SCHOOL-BASED INTERVENTION FOR THE TREATMENT OF IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA

Authors

  • Eliana Pereira Vellozo, PhD Adolescent Medicine Sector, Department of Pediatrics, Universidade Federal de São Paulo / Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • Francisco Plácido Nogueira Arcanjo, PhD Department of Health Science, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Campus Sobral, Ceará, Brazil
  • Maria Sylvia de Souza Vitalle, PhD Adolescent Medicine Sector, Department of Pediatrics, Universidade Federal de São Paulo / Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • Mauro Fisberg, PhD Adolescent Medicine Sector, Department of Pediatrics, Universidade Federal de São Paulo / Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • Carla Cristina Enes, PhD Center of Life Science, Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil
  • André Luiz Monezi Andrade, PhD Center of Life Science, Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil
  • Sheila Rejane Niskier, MSc Department of Pediatrics, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • Aline de Piano Ganen, PhD Department of Nutrition, São Camilo University Center, São Paulo, Brazil
  • Peter Richard Hall Faculty of Medicine, Centro Universitário INTA, Sobral, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2865-700X
  • Josefina Aparecida Pellegrini Braga, PhD Hematology Sector, Department of Pediatrics, Universidade Federal de São Paulo / Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, Brazil
  • Maria Aparecida Zanetti Passos, PhD Postgraduate Program in Education and Health in Childhood and Adolescence, Universidade Federal de São Paulo / Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, Brazil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v9.i5.2021.3919

Keywords:

Anemia, Iron Deficiency, Child Nutrition, Iron Supplements, Hemoglobins

Abstract

Background: In Brazil, iron deficiency anemia is considered a public health problem, which has a direct impact on the process of child growth and development. To assess the impact of a powdered supplement added to food preparations, on hemoglobin (Hb) levels and other hematimetric parameters in children. Method: This study is a double-blind, community-controlled clinical trial conducted in education centers in the northeast of Brazil. In this trial, food preparations were offered with a powdered supplement, enriched with iron (intervention) and control (no supplementation), Monday through Friday, for 60 days. Two biochemical evaluations were performed to determine Hb, hematocrit (Ht), mean corpuscular volume and ferritin levels before and after the intervention. Results: For participants in the 6- to 59-month age range, we identified an increase in mean Hb concentrations and other hematimetric parameters. In the 5- to 11-year age group, there was a significant increase in both groups for Hb and Ht values, and mean Hb concentration was significantly greater in the intervention group (12.25±0.76 vs. 11.93±0.94, p<.0035). In the 12- to 14-year-olds, all variables analyzed presented an increase. Conclusions: This school-based intervention effectively increased Hb concentrations other hematimetric parameters and reduced the prevalence of anemia in children and adolescents.

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Published

2021-05-31

How to Cite

Vellozo, E. P., Arcanjo, F. P. N., Vitalle, M. S. de S., Fisberg, M., Enes, C. C., Andrade, A. L. M., Niskier, S. R., Ganen, A. de P., Hall, P. R., Braga, J. A. P., & Passos, M. A. Z. . (2021). THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A SCHOOL-BASED INTERVENTION FOR THE TREATMENT OF IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 9(5), 113–126. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v9.i5.2021.3919