• Nestor C. Sedanza Leyte Normal University, Tacloban City, Philippines
  • Myrna O. Piedad Leyte Normal University, Tacloban City, Philippines
  • Juliet C. Lerios Leyte Normal University, Tacloban City, Philippines



Mamanwa, Indigenous Peoples, Entrepreneurial Initiatives, Sources Of Income, Case Study

Abstract [English]

One of the priorities of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) 2030 is poverty eradication with emphasis on the marginalized and indigenous peoples (UNESCO). The migrant Mamanwas in Basey, Samar composed of 24 families rely on the subsistence economy which is hand-to-mouth existence. The theory of personal resourcefulness emphasizes in one’s own capability for initiating actions towards creation and growth of enterprise (Kulkarni, 2016). This qualitative study sought to examine the entrepreneurial initiatives of Mamanwas that helped them sustain their existence. It employed evaluative qualitative research method - single case study, the Mamanwa tribe. The data were collected through observations, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussion. The data were analyzed through two cycles of coding and categories and themes were developed. The findings revealed that Mamanwas’ sources of income were farming, gathering of rattan and abaca, grass cutting, mat weaving, handicrafts, and making of souvenir items. However, they needed technical assistance in the preparation of souvenir items and checking whether it pass quality standards, they also lack materials and tools and a strategy in marketing their products, they want training on food preparation and cooperative education. This study recommended for an extension project proposal on training and technology assistance for entrepreneurs.


Download data is not yet available.


Asia Pacific Association for Basic and Adult Education (APABAE

Ekoto, Christian E. (2017). Training Handout on Qualitative Case Study Design: A Compilation. Asian Qualitative Research Association (AQRA), Silang, Cavite, Philippines

Espada, Janet Presnilla (2017). An Ethnography – The Mamanwa Diaspora: Exploring Challenges Underneath the Search for Lost Identity. Unpublished research: Leyte Normal University, Tacloban City

Espada, Janet Presnilla. (2017). Documenting the Life and Culture of the Indigenous Peoples in the Philippines: A Case of Mamanwa Tribe in Basey, Samar. A Research and Extension Project of Leyte Normal University.

German, M.A. (2010). The Mountain People of the Philippines: A Review of Selected Literature

Hammarstrom, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017) “Mamanwa”. Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History

Masendo, A. (2015) The Manobo Tribe Then and Now, 227: An Ethnography.International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research,Volume 6, Issue 4, 227 ISSN 2229-5518 IJSER

Meriam, S.B. (1998). Case study research in education: A Qualitative approach. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Miller, (1976). Mamanwa Grammar. Huntington Beach, CA: Summer Institute of


National Commision for Culture and the Arts (NCCA), 2015. Mamanwa.

Asia Pacific Association for Basic and Adult Education (ASPBAE) (2017) Policy Brief on Indigenous People’s Education in the Philippines. Colaba-Mumbai, India.

Resture, Jane (2011). The Mamanwa People of the Philippines.

Safari, Wa-Mbaleka & Ranjit Kinston Gladstone (2018). Qualitative research for senior high chool. Oiokos Biblios Publishing House, Silang, Cavite, Philippines

Somkumar, A. (2007) Mamanwas and Their Fight Against Poverty. South Asian Outlook, Global Media.

oriano, (2007). Civil Society Network for Education Reforms, Indigenous People’s Education in the Philippines.

UNDP, 2010. Fast Facts: Indigenous People in the Philippines.

USAA Scholarship Program (2003). About the Mamanwa.




How to Cite

Sedanza, N. C., Piedad, M. O., & Lerios, J. C. (2021). ASSESSMENT OF ENTREPRENEURIAL OPPORTUNITIES OF MAMANWA TRIBE IN BASEY, SAMAR: A CASE STUDY. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 9(1), 183–188.