CHARACTERIZATION OF HIPPOCAMPUS ON EPILEPTIC PATIENTS ON MRI USING TEXTURE ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES
Keywords:Hippocampus, Epilepsy, MRI, Texture Analysis
The aim of this study was to characterize the hippocampus in Sudanese epileptic patients in MR images using image texture analysis techniques in order to differentiate hippocampus between the normal and epileptic patient. There were two groups of the patients were examined by using Signal-GE 1.5Tesla MR Scanner which was used with patients with known epilepsy and normal T1 weighted brain. MRI finding patients, 101 and 105 patients respectively examined in period from December 2017- March 2018, where the variables of the study were MRI images entered to the IDL program as input for further analysis, using window 3*3 the images texture was extracted from hippocampus (head, body and tail) that include, mean, STD, variance, energy, and entropy then the comparison was made to differentiate between the normal and abnormal hippocampus. The extracted feature classified using linear discriminate analysis. The classification score function is used to classify the hippocampus classes was as flows:
Epileptic= (.271×mean) + (.026×variance) + (7.475× Part) -32.134
Normal= (.240×mean) + (.052×variance) + (2.960× Part) -13.684
The study confirmed that it’s possible to differentiate between normal and epileptic hippocampus body, head, and tail in sagittal section texturally. The result showed that the classification result is best in the tail where higher classification accuracy will be achieved followed by body and then head.
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