• Toungos Mohammed Dahiru (Ph.D.) Faculty of Agriculture, Crop Science Department, Adamawa State University Mubi, Nigeria
  • Hassans Tanko (Ph.D.) Faculty of Science, Department of Geography, Adamawa State University Mubi, Nigeria



Climate Change, Northern Nigeria, Flood and Crops

Abstract [English]

The Earth's temperature is rising as a result of increased atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases. As the Earth warms, currently wet regions are expected to receive more rainfall, and currently dry regions receive less. Nigeria and indeed Northern Nigeria is not an exception. Crop production is one of the most vulnerable systems and heavily affected by climate change in Nigeria and more particularly in the Northern part of the country where the presence and prevalence of drought is mostly felt. Crops are mostly flooded and are rendered less productive by flood, in addition to extensive dependence on rainfed farming coupled with high poverty level of the people of the region. Major crops cultivated in the region include groundnuts, beans, cotton, soybeans, sesame, cashew nuts, mango, cassava, yam, gum arabic,  maize (corn), melon, millet, , plantains, rice, sorghum, bananas, yams, pepper, coffee, carrots, sugarcane, soybeans, with major producing states of soybeans as Kaduna, Niger, Kebbi, Nasarawa, Kwara, Jigawa, Taraba, Borno, Benue, Bauchi, Sokoto, Plateau, Zamfara and Abuja FCT are now facing yield depreciation. Most of these crops are facing problems such as flower abortions, wrong flowering and fruiting time and generally low yields due to the effects of climate change. As rainfall becomes more variable, farmers no longer are able to rely on their knowledge of the seasonality of climatic variables. It is recommended that, series of awareness in terms of seminars, symposiums, farmers field days should be conducted to the farmers to enlighten them on the knowledge of modern techniques of crop production, such as the use of early maturating seeds, drought resistance varieties and more especially the use of irrigation in order to boost crop production in the region. Weather focused information should be made available to the farmers in the form of short message (SMS) in addition to informing them on weather both in print media.


Download data is not yet available.


Bunce, J.A., & Ziska, L.H. (2000). Crop ecosystem responses to climatic change: crop/weed interactions. In Reddy, K.R., Hodges, H.F., eds. Climate change and global crop productivity. pp 333-348. CABI, New York. DOI:

Bullock, P. et al (1995). Land degradation and desertification: Climate Change 1995. Impacts, adaptations and mitigation of climate change: scientific-technical analyses. Contribution of Working Group II to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. ed. R. T. Watson, M. C. Zinyowera, R. H. Moss & D. J. Dokken. Cambridge University Press, 1996. pp 171-190.

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO2007). Adaptation to climate change in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries: Perspectives, Framework and Priorities.

FAO, 2016,,

FAO. 2016a. Save and Grow in practice: maize, rice, wheat. A guide to sustainable cereal production. ISBN 978-92-5-108519-6

FAO, 2017, The state of food and agriculture: Climate change Agriculture and Food Security. Retrieved 20th September, 2018. 4:33pm.

Grandy, A.S., Robertson, G.P. & Thelen, K.D. (2006). Do productivity and environmental trade-offs justify periodically cultivating no-till cropping systems? Agronomy Journal, 98: 1377-1383. DOI: of Nigeira Climate. Retrieved on 21st September, 2018.

International panel on climate change (IPCC), (2012). Managing the risks of extreme events and disasters to advance climate change adaptation.

Lipiec, J., Doussan, C., Nosalewicz, A. & Kondracka, K. 2013. Effect of drought and heat stresses on plant growth and yield: A review. Institute of Agrophysics, 2017(27): 463-477. DOI:

Linderholm, H.W. (2005). Growing season changes in the last century. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 137(2006): 1-14. Science direct.

Rosenzweig, C and Hillel, D., (1998) Climate change and the global harvest: Potential effects on greenhouse effect on Agriculture. Oxford., UK Oxford University Press.

Parry, M.L., (1990). "The impact of climatic variations on agricultural margins", in Kates. R.W., Ausubel, J.H., and Berberian, M., (eds), Climate Impact Assessment, SCOPE 27 (Chichester: John Wiley and Sons, 1985), pp. 351-368.

Simpson, B.M. (2017). Preparing Smallholder Farm Families to Adapt to Climate Change. Pocket Guide 2: Managing crop resources. Catholic Relief Services: Baltimore, MD, USA.

Smit, Ludlow, and Brklacich (1988). "Implications of a Global Climatic Warming for Agriculture," DOI:

Taub, D., Miller B., Allen H. (2008). Effects of elevated CO2 on the protein concentration of food crops: a meta-analysis. Global Change Biology 14, 565-575. DOI:

Tubiello, F.N. & van der Velde, M. (2010). SOLAW background thematic report - Land and water use options for climate change adaptation and mitigation in agriculture. GET-Carbon. New York, USA.




How to Cite

Mohammed Dahiru, T., & Tanko, H. (2018). THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FOOD CROP PRODUCTION IN NORTHERN NIGERIA. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 6(9), 458–469.