AN APPRAISAL OF EMPLOYEES WELFARE AND SOCIAL SECURITY MEASURES IN CENTRAL PUBLIC SECTOR ENTERPRISES
Keywords:Labour Welfare, Social Security, Job Satisfaction
Labour plays a very important role in the industrial production of the country. The human resource managers are concerned with the management of people at work. It is necessary to secure the co-operation of labour force in order to increase the production and earn higher profits. The co-operation of labour force is possible only when they are fully satisfied with their employer and the working conditions on the job. In the past, industrialists and the employers believed that their only duty towards their employees was to pay them satisfactory wages and salaries. But in due course of time, in addition to providing monetary benefits, human treatment given to employees started to play a very important role in seeking their co-operation. Labour or employee welfare activities benefit not only the workers but also the management in the form of greater industrial efficiency. The welfare activities pay a good dividend in the long run, because they contribute a lot towards the health and efficiency of the workers and towards a high morale.
On the other hand, social security has come up as a dynamic concept which is considered in all advanced countries of the world as an indispensable chapter of the national programme. Social security is that security which the society furnishes through appropriate organisation against certain risks or certain contingencies to which its members are exposed. These risks are essentially contingencies against which the individual cannot afford by his small means and by his ability or foresight alone. As the name stands for general well- being of the people it is the duty of the state to promote social security which may provide the citizens with benefits designed to prevent or cure disease, to support him when he is not able to earn and to restore him to gainful activity.
The state as an employer has provided for certain measures for the welfare and social security of the labourers, who contribute towards the economic development of a country and in this regard, the government has to see towards the proper implementation of such measures to maintain a harmonious industrial relation on the one side and on the other hand towards the upliftment of the members of the society.
Thus, there arise the vital needs for the detailed assessments of the measures so provided, its quality of implementation so far and the level of satisfaction of the same among the different class of employees.
The present study acts as a working paper with an objective to gather the opinion of the organized workforce in the Central Public Sector Enterprises with regards to their acceptance and satisfaction level of the various ‘Employees welfare and Social Security’ measures by the employers. However, the present study is restricted to two enterprises only and is undertaken with the following objectives:
- To analyze the opinions of the employees in respect of the labour welfare measures & social security benefits.
To analyze the level of satisfaction or otherwise of the workers in respect of social security measures.
Books and Dissertations
Agarwal, S.C., Labour Relations, Law in India, Macmillan Company of India Ltd. 1980
Ahuja.K.K., Personal Management, Kalayani Publishers, New Delhi-1986
Ammssari, P., Workers satisfaction an occupational life, A study of automobile workers in Italy 1964.
Arun Monappa & Mirza S., Personnel Management. Salyadain, P. 217
Balachandani-K.R., Industrial law, Himalaya Publishing House, Bombay, 1981 Binoy, Mathew., Role of Incentives in Labour Productivity, A case Study of
Selected Public Sector Undertakings in Kerala. Ph.d Thesis, M.G University-June-2003.
Bittel, Lester R., What Every Supervisor Should Know, Mcgraw-Hill Publishing Company, New York, p.249,1974
Blake, Roland (Ed,)., Industrial Safety, Prentice-Hal, New York, 1963, p.300
Chakraborty S.K., Managerial Effectiveness and Quality of Workforce Indianinsights, Tata MC Graw Hill, New Delhi, 1987.
Chapra. R.N., Public Sector in India, Its Performance Profitability and Industrial relations, Intellectual Publishing House, New Delhi, 1986
Chatterjee N.N., Industrial Relation in public Sector Enterprises in India, Decision, 10(2) pp 109-42
Chatterjee S.K., Management of Public Enterprises, Surjeet Publications, 1995.
Chatterjee, N.N., Management of Personnel in Indian Enterprises, Allied Book Agency, Calcutta, 1980.
Cherunilam, Francis., Business Environment, Himalaya Publishing House, Bombay-1978
Das,N., Public Sector in India, Asia Publishing House, Bombay-1966.
Davar R.S., Personnel Management and Industrial Relations, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi.
Dhyani, S.N., International Labour Organisation and India, National Publishing House, New Delhi, 1977.
Dr. B.P Tyagi., Labour Economics ad Social Welfare., P. 430.
Dr. Bhatnagar., Deepak, Labour Welfare and Social Security Legislation in India, Deep and Deep Publication, New Delhi, 1984
Giri, V.V., Labour Problems in Indian Industry Mumbai: Asia Publishing House. (1972).
Hallen, G., Dynamics of Social Security, Rastogi Publications, Delhi, 1967.
Hamer, Wilie., Occupational Safety, management and Engineering, Prentice-Hal, Englewood Cliffs, 1976, p-104-106.
Lallan Prasad and Bannerjee A.M., Management of Human Resources, sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 1994.
Mamoria, C.B., Labour Problems and Social Welfare in India, Kitab Mahal, Allahabad, 1966.
Mamoria, CB, and S. Mamoria., Dynamics of Industrial Relations in India, Himalaya Publishing House, New Delhi, 1995
Mehrotra, B.B.N., Industrial Relations in Public Sector, Commerce annual, No. 1964 pp 130-36
Pareek, udai and T.V Rao., Designing and Managing Human Resource System,
Sherleakar, S.A., Modern Business Organisation and Management, Himalaya Publishing house, Bombay, Oct-1984
Singh, M.M., Social Security and National development, India Book Exchange, Calcutta, 1977.
Vaid. K.N, Labour Welfare in India, Shriram Center for Industrial Relations, New Delhi.1970
Government of Bombay, Annual Administration Report of the Factories Act, 1948, p.14, 1957.
International Labour Organisation, Approaches to Social Security, An international Survey, 1942.
International Labour Organisation, Asian Regional Conference Report II, p.3, 1947
International Labour Organisation, Welfare Facilities for Workers in Industry in Western Europe, MEWEL, Geneva,1964.
International Labour Office, Introduction to Social Security, Geneva, 1984
International Labour Organisation, Welfare Facilities for Workers in Industry in Eastern Europe, MEWEL, Geneva, 1964.
Labour Investigation Committee (Main Report), p.352
Report of the Royal Commission on labour, 1931
Report of the National Commission on Labour, 1969
Report of the Committee on Labour Welfare, 1969
Report of the Committee on Labour Welfare, 1969
Acharha, S.R., “Changing Concept of Labour and Management-A new Perspective”, Productivity, Vol.32. No.1 January, 1997.
Arun, Kumar, Krishnamurthy, “Productivity Trends in Indian Manufacturing Sector”, Productivity, Vol. 42, No.3 Oct/December, 1997
Baig, Mirza, Abrar, “An Empirical Assessment of job Satisfaction and Work Environment”, Personnel Today, Vol. II, No. 4, January-March 1991.
Dhavan. R.K., “HRM-Human values and Excellence”. Personal Today, Vol XV, No. 2., National Institute of Personnel Management, Calcutta, July-Sep. 1994.
Gangadhar, S.M and Madhar, Keswani, “Changing Nature of Employment and Compensation”, Human Capital, Vol. 5 No. 1 June, 2001.
Patra, Ramakanta, “Employee Relations and Business Strategies”. HRM Review, The ICFAI University Press, Hyderabad, May-2005.
How to Cite
With the licence CC-BY, authors retain the copyright, allowing anyone to download, reuse, re-print, modify, distribute, and/or copy their contribution. The work must be properly attributed to its author.
It is not necessary to ask for further permission from the author or journal board.
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.