• Jhilam Rudra De Assistant Professor, NSHM College of Management and Technology, Kolkata, India




Dual Career, WLB, Performance, Flexibility, Satisfaction

Abstract [English]

Dual-career couples were exceptions to the norm in the 1960s, but on date it is difficult to assess the number of married career women in the work force. Previous researches suggest that, the problems of the working women, who are a significant part of a dual career couple, may include lack of flexibility in the workplace, male-trailing spouses, career versus relationship child bearing conflicts etc. The key for dual career couples is to establish a system to help them balance their career and personal activities. For each couple the dynamics are little different, depending on their personal situations. The main aim of this research is to study the level of stress to maintain work life balance of the dual career couples, where the female counterparts are working in the private health sector in Kolkata. Cronbach alpha was used as a reliability test. Independent sample t-tests were used to study the effect of gender and family structure on respondents’ satisfaction towards WLB. Nowadays, a career is not a mere need, but rather, a necessity. It is evident that an understanding, accommodating, and sympathetic approach to the management of dual career stress can improve organizational effectiveness by fostering continued employment and maximum performance among dual career couples.


Download data is not yet available.


Adams, G.A., King, L.A. and King, D.W. (1996) ‘Relationship of job and family involvement, family social support, and work family conflict with job and life satisfaction’, Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 81, No. 4, pp.411–420. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.81.4.411

Anderson, S.E., Coffey, B.S. and Byerly, R.T. (2002) ‘Formal organizational initiatives and

informal workplace practices: links to work-family conflict and job-related outcomes’, Journal of Management, Vol. 28, No. 6, pp.787–810.

Buddhapriya, S. (2009) ‘Work-family challenges and their impact on career decisions: a study of Indian women professionals’, Vikalpa: The Journal for Decision Makers, Vol. 34, No. 1,pp.31–45. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0256090920090103

Desai, N. and Krishnaraj, M. (1990). Women and society in India, Ajanta Publications, New Delhi.education,PP. 201-210.

Fatima, N. and Sahibzada, S.A. (2012) ‘An empirical analysis of factors affecting work life balance among university teachers: the case of Pakistan’, Journal of International Academic Research, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp.16–29.

Felstead, A., Jewson, N., Phizacklea, A. and Walter, S. (2002) ‘Opportunities to work at home in the context of work-life balance’, Human Resource Management Journal, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp.54–76. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-8583.2002.tb00057.x

Gupta, B. and Tyagi, A. (2009) ‘Employees’ perception of workplace stressors and their attitude towards work and organisation: a study of Indian managers’, International Journal of Indian Culture and Business Management, Vol. 2, No. 6, pp.686–706.

Haar, J.M., Russo, M., Suñe, A. and Ollier-Malaterre, A. (2014) ‘Outcomes of work-life balance on job satisfaction, life satisfaction and mental health: a study across seven cultures’, Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 85, No. 3, pp.361–373. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2014.08.010

Hassan, Z. (2010) ‘Work-family conflict in east vs. western countries’, Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp.30–49 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/13527601011016899

Heckman, N., Bryson, R. and Bryson, J. (1977) ‘Problems of professional couples: a content analysis’, Journal of Marriage and the Family, Vol. 39, No. 2, pp.323–330. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/351127

Jayanthi, B. and Vanniarajan, T. (2012) ‘Work-life imbalance among executives: a gender focus’, Global Management Review, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp.24–35.

Kalliath, P., Kalliath, T. and Chan, C. (2014) ‘Work-family conflict and family-work conflict as predictors of psychological strain: does social support matter?’, British Journal of Social Work. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcu079

Komarraju, M. (1997) ‘The work-family interface in India’, in Parasuraman, S. and Greenhaus, J.H. (Eds.): Integrating Work and Family, Challenges for a Changing World, pp.104–114, Quorum Books, Westport, CT.study. British Journal of Social Psychology,34:87-106.

Mishra, R. (1977). Working women: A frame of reference. Indian Journal of Social Research, 18(2& 3).

Noor, N.M. (1995). Work and family roles in relation to women's well-being: A longitudinal study. British Journal of Social Psychology,34:87-106.

Ramaiha, R.K.L. (1969). Problems of Indian working women'. In Development of Women's education, PP. 201-210

Rubinstein, J.S., Meyer, D.E. and Evans, J.E. (2001) ‘Executive control of cognitive processes in task switching’, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp.763–797.

Sekaran, U. (1992) ‘Middle-class dual-earner families and their support systems in urban India’, inLewis, S., Izraeli, D.N. and Hootsmans, H. (Eds.): Dual-Earner Families, International Perspectives, pp.46–61, Sage, Newbury Park, CA.

Skinner, D. (1980) ‘Dual-career family stress and coping: a literature review’, Family Relations, Vol. 29, No. 4, pp.473–481. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/584461

Walston, Sandra Ford. (2002). “Women Integrating Workday Courage.” Women in Business, Vol. 54, 2: 28-29.

Whitehouse, G., A Hosking & M. Baird (2008) "Returning Too Soon? Australian Mothers' Satisfactions with Maternity Leave Duration", Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 46(3):288-302. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1038411108095760.




How to Cite

Rudra De, J. (2017). DUAL CAREER COUPLES IN KOLKATA AND THEIR STRESSFUL WORK LIFE BALANCE. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 5(3), 213–222. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v5.i3.2017.1771