• Jose Manuel Elija Guamba PhD., Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo - Mozambique




Participation, Poverty, Quality of Life, New Paradigm, Sustainability

Abstract [English]

The article discusses factors that influence the preparation and responses in the general cycle of emergencies and disasters (environmental contexts, social, political, economic, cultural and institutional) integrating psychological, social and physical knowledge about sustainability, vulnerability and risks. The conflict between development, poverty, the environment and peace has become one of the biggest evidence of the human current difficulties.

Mankind has not only of the achievements and benefits of development; but also, the undesirable effects produced by this, as social inequalities, poverty, environmental degradation and weakening of the sense of community, otherness and security.

For Vieira (2005, p. 333) "harmonization of relationships that humans have with nature and the obstinate struggle by the pacification of relations between human beings constitute the two sides of the same coin." The idea of sustainable development has a chance to overcome the end envisioned. But there are those who preach the need for a paradigm shift in the concept. In today's society it is the eminence of unsustainability is global economic, social or environmental.

A "cultural mutation" is necessary for sustainable development if organize around the following key relationships: with nature, with time, between citizens, and with the authority of the State.

Pol (2002, p. 296) warns that, you can understand why sustainability, has "... a strong load of change of individual and social behavior and therefore requires knowledge of social and psychosocial processes involved."

Thus, sustainable development requires action that can be called generically of participatory management and environmental education (awareness and availability of resources that lead to the development of habits and skills), to achieve shared social values from the formulation of plans and programmes aimed at changing behaviors and eradication of poverty.


Download data is not yet available.


Anthony, B. Gender, Environment and Poverty Interlinks: regional and temporal variations in Rural India, 1971-91. World development. Vol. 1, no. 25, p. 23-52, 1997. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(96)00084-8

Alier, J. Of Ecological Economics to Popular Environmentalism. Editor of SCIENCE, 1998.

Agarwal, R. Structural Crisis of Capital. 2 Ed. São Paulo: Boitempo, 2011.

Arellano, P.; Poats, S.; Proano, M.; Crissman, C. Rural Poverty to Environmental Degradation. En la Cuenca del Río El Angel, Carchi province-Ecuador. 2000.

Barbier, E. Land Degradation and Rural Poverty in Africa: examining the evidence. UNU/INRA annual lectures. 1998. lec1.pdf.

Barbier, E. The Economic Links Between Rural Poverty and Land Degradation: some evidence from Africa. Agriculture, ecosystems and environment. Vol. 82, p. 355-70, 2000. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-8809(00)00237-1

Bartelmus, P. Environment, Growth and Development. London: Routiedge, 1994.

Broard, R. The poor and the environment: friends or foes? World Development, v. 22, n. 6, p. 811-22, 1994. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-750X(94)90055-8

Cavendish, W. Empirical Regularities in the Poverty Environment Relationship of Rural African Households. 1999. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(00)00066-8

WORLD COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT. Our common future. Ed. Rio de Janeiro. Getúlio Vargas Foundation, 1991.

Culyer, A. Commodity Characteristics Features of People, Goods, Utilities and Type to Quality of Life. In: BALDWIN, Sally; GODFREY, Christine. 1990;

Echeveria, r. strategic elements for Rural poverty reduction in Latin America and Caribbean. Washington: IDB, 1998.

Echeveria, g. options for reducing Rural poverty in Latin America and Caribbean. Revista de la CEPAL, 2000. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18356/84e33121-en

Syndrome, A.; Bojo, J.Poverty and Environment: evidence Links and integration with the process of the country Assistance Strategy. Environment Group. The World Bank. Discussion paper No. 4, 1999.

Ferreira, P. Quality of Life and its Concept — a Critical Analysis. 1995. Mimeo.

Freire, B. and Sandhu, C. Integrated Management and Participatory of Natural Resources: concepts, methods and experiences. Florianópolis: Secco, 2005, p. 333-377.

Gallopin, G. Urban Environment and Environmental Planning. In: CLACSO & CIFCA (Eds.). Environmental y Urbanización. Buenos Aires: CLACSO/CIFCA. 1982.

Hardoy, J. and Satterthwaite, D. Problemas Ambientales en Ciudades del Tercer Mundo: es éste un problema mundial que no es tomado en cuenta? Medio Ambiente y Urbanización, Buenos Aires: IIED, 31 (8): 3-12, 1990.

Idalino, P. Pobreza - Indicadores de Ambiente. Ambiente economia Série / Banco Mundial. n º 84, 2001.

Jacobs, M. The Green Economy. London: Pluto, 1991.

Kassmayer, K. Sustainable Development: a passage of his concept of urban applicability. Advisor: Vladimir Passos de Freitas. Curitiba: PUC, 2005.

Leff, H. Environmental Sustainability Knowledge, Rationality, Complexity and Power. 3rd ed. Petrópolis: voices, 2005

Leon, M. El Empoderamento na Prática a Teoria de Feminismo. Em: LEÓN, Magdalena (Comp.). Poder e empoderamento das mulheres. Bogotá: Tercer Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 1998.

Lippold, K. Ética, Política e Económica a Importância da Preservação Ambiental . Da FUNDAÇÃO KONRAD ADENAUER STIFTUNG. Ecologia e economia. TRADUÇÕES, São Paulo, n. º 1, 1993.

Meadows, K.; Taylor, W.; Ndede, H.; Natalia, J. Notas Sobre as Ligações Causais Entre Pobreza e Meio Ambiente no Quênia. Workshop sobre integração ambiente nas estratégias de redução da pobreza. Clube do Safari de Nairobi. 26-28 de fevereiro de 2001.

Paul, F. Cidadania, Consumo e Sustentabilidade Ambiental. São Paulo: Cortez, 2005.

Pol, E. A gestão ambiental, novo desafio para a psicologia do desenvolvimento

sustentável. Estudos de Psicología. Natal, v.8, n.2, 2003, p 235-243. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-294X2003000200005

Pol, E. Retos y aportaciones de la psicología ambiental para un desarrollo sostenible. La detección de impactos sociales como muestra. In: GEVARA, Javier; MERCADO, Serafin.Temas selectos de psicología ambiental. Mexico: UNAM/Greco/Fundacion Unilibre 2002, p.291-326.

Prakash, S. Of Poverty and Environment Links in the Mountains and Plateaus: reflections on the thesis "poverty trap". CREED, working document. No. 12, 1997.

Readon, T.; Vosti, S. Links Between Rural Poverty and the Environment in Developing Countries: categories of investment assets and poverty. World development, vol. 23, no. 9, p. 1495-1506, 1995.

Afzal, M. Poverty: Concept and Measurement. Brasília: IPEA. Notebooks of economy, No 13, 1993.

Sachs, I. Sustainable, Inclusive and Sustainable Development. Rio de Janeiro: Garamond, 2009

Sachs, I. Paths to sustainable development. Rio de Janeiro: Garamond, 2002.

Sen, A. Development as Freedom. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 2010.

Sen, A. The Idea of Justice. Translation Ricardo Doninelli Mendes and Denise Bottmann. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 2011. p. 283-286.

Silva, S.; Shimbo, I. Identification of the Interfaces Between the Concepts of Sustainable Development and the Urban Housing Settlements. Annual meeting of the National Association of graduate studies and research in urban and Regional planning, 8. [Annals] Porto Alegre: ANPUR, 1999.

Sharma, A. Quality of Urban Life — Introduction. Rio de Janeiro: Zahar, 1984. (Urban Debates n. 7).

Sharma, J. Quality of Urban Life in Húmid Areas. Hangovers from Macapá and Santana – Amapá: master's thesis. Amapá: UNB/UNIFAP, 160 p. 2003

Stefaniak, J. The Mirage of Environmental Sustainability in Capitalism. Advisor: Carlos Frederico TIDES. PUC: 2011.

Veiga, J. The Social Emergency. São Paulo: SENAC, 2005.

Vieira, P. Management of Common Resources for the Eco Development. In: VIEIRA, Paulo

World Bank. Linking Poverty Reduction and Environmental Management. Challenges and opportunities policy, 2002. WORLD BANK. World Development Report 2003.

Zacharias, R. Consumption, Waste and Environmental Education: a critical approach. Juiz de Fora: FEME, 2000.




How to Cite

Guamba, J. M. E. (2017). POVERTY, ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 5(1), 399–411. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v5.i1.2017.1934