• Swati Gupta Research Scholar, Education Department, AMU, Aligarh, INDIA



Creativity, Biological Factors, Psychological Factors & Social Factors

Abstract [English]

One of the most common goals of the education system throughout the world refers to the development of a creative personality that could easily adapt the fast changes that are occurring in modern society. Creative attitude is regarded as the foundation stone for creative personality. Therefore, the study of factors like: biological, psychological and social that influence pupils’ creativity and creative attitude occupies a significant place within the contemporary research. In this educational context, this paper is centered on the factors affecting student’s creativity and aimed to find out the factors related to teachers, students and instructional environment. For this, the researcher used content analysis method and studied previous researches conducted to find out the influencing factors of creativity. The results indicate the key factors that can affect learner’s creativity as: factors related to teacher are personal quality, thinking style, educational experience, teaching belief, personal effort, intrinsic motivation, professional knowledge; factors related to students are fear to failure, cooperation and collaboration, family factor, competition and conflict and factors related to instructional environment are autonomy, administration support & resources and peer interaction.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdulrab, A. H. M. & Sridhar, Y. N. (2012). Barriers to creative science teaching from the perspectives of science teachers in higher primary schools. Paripex-Indian Journal of Research, Vol. 1, Issue 9, Pp 54-59, ISSN - 2250-1991.

Amabile, T. M. (1988). A model of creativity and innovation in organizations. Research in Organizational Behavior, 10, 123-167.

Amabile, T. M. (1996). Creativity in context. Boulder, CO: Westview.

Amabile, T. M., Phillips, E., & Collins, M. A. (1993). Personality and environmental determinants of creativity in professional artists. Unpublished manuscript, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA.

Anderson, L.M. & Holt-Reynolds, D. (1995). Prospective teachers’ beliefs and teacher education pedagogy: research based on a teacher educators’ practical theory. Retrieved December 12, 2015 from

Anderson, L.M., Blumenfeld, P., Pintrich, P.R., Clark, C.M., Marx, R.W., & Peterson, P. (1995). Educational psychology for teachers: Reforming our courses, rethinking our roles. Educational Psychologist, 30, 143–157. DOI:

Cheng, M. Y. V. (2001). Fostering young children's creativity and interest in science --- 40 innovative ways to play with a balloon. Paper presented in Fifth International Conference of OMEP - HK, World Organization for Early Childhood Education.

Cheng, M. Y. V. (2003). A Study on the creativity of Hong Kong Primary School Teachers. QEF Research Report.

Cheng, Y. (1999). A study on outstanding teachers in science competitions: their creative thinking skills and the related factors. National Science Council research project, NSC 89-2519-S-110-002.

Cheng, Y., Wang, W. C., &Yeh, Y. C. (1998). Factors relating to creative thinking. Paper presented at Technological Creativity Seminar.

Chin, C., Leu, Y. C., & Lin, F. L. (2000). Pedagogical values, mathematics teaching and teacher education: A case study of two experienced teachers. In L. Fou-Lai & C. Thomas (Eds.), Making sense of mathematics teacher education.

Collins, M. A., &Amabile, T. M. (1999). Motivation and creativity. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), Handbook of creativity (pp. 297-312). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Cropley, A. J. (2001). Creativity in education & learning: A guide for teacher and educators. London: Kogan Page.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1988). Society, culture, and person: A system view of decisions are made. North Carolina Medical Journal, 47(2), 73-74.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1996). Creativity: Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention. NY: Harper Collins Publishers.

Csikzentmihalyi, M., & Wolfe, R. (2000). New conceptions and research approach to creativity: Implications of a systems perspective for creativity in education. In K. A. Heller, F. J. Monk, R. J. Sternberg & R. F. Subotnik (Eds.), International handbook of giftedness and talent (pp. 81-94). NY: Elsevier.

Drevdahl, J.E. (1956). Factors of importance for creativity. Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 12, pp. 22, 23-26.

ERIC (1966). Retrieved from:

Esquivel, G. B. (1995). Teacher behaviors that foster creativity. Educational Psychology Review, 7(2), 185-202. DOI:

Eysenck, H. J. (1995). Genius: The natural history of creativity. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. DOI:

Feldman, D. H. (1999). The development of creativity. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), Handbook of creativity (pp.169-186). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Grainger, T., Barnes, J., &Scoffham, S. (2004). A creative cocktail: Creative teaching in initial teacher education. Journal of Educationfor Teaching, 30, 243-253. doi:10.1080/0260747042000309475 DOI:

Gruber, H.E. & Wallace, D.B. (1999) The case method and evolving systems approach for understanding unique creative people at work in Handbook of Creativity. Sternberg, R. (Ed.) Cambridge. UK: Cambridge University Press. DOI:

Gupta, S. & Jan, A. (2013). Attitude of B.Ed. Pupil-Teachers of Science and Arts Streams towards Creative Teaching: A Study. International Journal of Advancement in Education and Social Sciences, ISSN: 2322-0023, Vol. 1 (1), pp. 36-41.

Gurney, P. (2007). Five Factors for Effective Teaching. New Zealand Journal of Teachers’ Work, Volume 4, Issue 2, 89-98.

Hart, S. (2000). Thinking through teaching: A framework for enhancing participation and learning. London: Davie Fulton.

Highet, G. (1958). The art of teaching. New York: Knopf.

Jaussi, K. S., & Dionne, S. D. (2003). Leading for creativity: The role of unconventional leader behavior. The Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 14, No. 4‐5, pp. 475‐498. DOI:

Joram, E. & Gabriele, A. (1998). Pre-service teacher’s Prior Beliefs: Transforming Obstacles into Opportunities. Teaching and Teacher Education, 14(2): 175-191.

King, K. (2001). Science education in an urban elementary school: Case studies of teacher beliefs and classroom practices. Science Education, 85(2), 89-110. DOI:<89::AID-SCE10>3.0.CO;2-H

Kolb, D. A. (1984). Experiential learning: experience as the source of learning and development. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Kothari, D.S. (1966). Report of the Education Commission 1964-66. New Delhi: Govt. of India.

Lerman, S. (2000). A review of research of research perspectives on mathematics teacher eeducation. In L.Fou-Lai & C. Thomas (Eds.), Making sense of mathematics teacher education.

Matthews, D. J., & Foster, J. F. (2009). Being smart about gifted education: A guidebook for educators and parents (2nd ed.). Scottsdale, AZ: Great Potential Press.

Miel, A. (1961). Creativity in teaching. Belmont, Cali.: Teacher College, Columbia University.

NCTE (2009a). National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education. New Delhi: NCTE Publication.

O'Keeffe, B. (Ed.). (1988). Schools for tomorrow : building walls or building bridges. NY: Falmer Press.

Petrowski, M. J. (2000). Creativity research: Implications for teaching, learning, and thinking. Reference Services Review, 28(4), 3.4-312. DOI:

Rehm, M. (1989). Factors affecting creativity: perspectives from home economics teachers and students teachers. Journal on vocational home economics education, vol. (7), No. 2, pp13- 27.

Robinson, K. (2001). Unlocking creativity: A strategy for development. Belfast: Department of Culture Arts and Leisure.

Sawyer, R. W. (2004). Creative Teaching: Collaborative discussion as disciplined improvisation. Educational Research, 33(2), 12-20. DOI:

Simonton, D. K. (1994). Greatness: Who makes history and why ?NY: Guilford.

Simplicio, J. S. C. (2000). Teaching classroom educators how to be more effective and creative teachers. Education, 120(4), 675-680.

Singh, A., Ali, A. &Saxena, A.K. (2011). Blocks to creativity of indian industry executives. Journal of Community Guidance & Research, Vol.28 (2) P.P. 313-325.

Smith, R. A. (2000). Gardner on education: Destination and navigation. Arts Education Policy Review, 101(5), 36-40. DOI:

Starko, A. J. (Ed.). (2000). Creativity in the classroom: School in the curious delight. NJ: LEA.

Sternberg, R. J. (2006). The nature of creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 18, 87-98. DOI:

Sternberg, R. J. (Ed.). (1988). The nature of creativity: Contemporary psychological perspectives. NY: Cambridge University Press.

Sternberg, R. J., &Lubart, T. I. (1996). Investing in creativity. American Psychologist, 1(7), 677-688. DOI:

Stremikis, B. A. (2002). The personal characteristics and environmental circumstances of successful women musicians. Creativity Research Journal, 14(1), 85-92. DOI:

Tiberius, R. G. (1999). Small group teaching: A trouble-shooting guide. London: Kogan Page.

Torrance, E. P., & Goff, K. (1990). Foster academic creativity in gifted students. ERIC Digest (E484), ED 321 486.

Weisberg, R. W. (1999). Creativity and Knowledge: A challenge to theories. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), Handbook of creativity (pp. 226-250). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Woodman, R. W., &Schoenfeldt, L. F. (1989). Individual differences in creativity: An inter actionist perspective. In J. A. Glover, R. R. Ronning& C. R. Reynolds (Eds.), Handbook of creativity (pp. 77-92). NY: Plenum.




How to Cite