• Rekha Sharma Govt. Girls P.G. College, Ujjain



Indian Cities, Hazardous, Air Pollution

Abstract [English]

The ambient air quality in Indian cities has degraded to hazardous levels over the last two decades. People are exposed to extreme health risks due to increasing particulate matter, hazardous airborne agents in indoor spaces Outdoor air quality is affecting indoor air quality too.(1) Indoor air pollution is the degradation of indoor air quality by harmful chemicals and other materials; it can be up to 10 times worse than outdoor air pollution.  Over a million people in India die every year because of indoor air pollution, among highest in the world,(2).

Indoor air pollution can be traced to prehistoric times when humans first moved to temperate climates and it became necessary to construct shelters and use fire inside them for cooking, warmth and light. (3) Approximately half the world’s population and up to 90% of rural households in developing countries still rely on unprocessed biomass fuels in the form of wood, dung and crop residues (4). Even today, about 43 percent of rural households and 31 percent of all Indian households use kerosene, for lighting purposes. Its impact on health and environment can be threatening.


Download data is not yet available.

References, Improve Quality Of Indoor Air, Feb 13, 2015.

Ankita Kankaria,, Indoor Air Pollution In India, Indian Journal Of Community and Medicine, Oct-Dec, 2015.

Chetan Chauhan , Hindustan Times, New delhi, Feb 22, 2013 .4.

Kummer J., 1998, Indoor Air Pollution and Health., Air Pollution : The Silent Killer we need to talk about more often, 20th April 2015.

ICMR Bulletin 2001, Indoor Air Pollution in India a major Environmental and Public Health Concern. census. House Listing and Housing Census data highlights 2011.

Menon (1988), Indoor Spatial monitoring of combustion generated pollutants by Indian Cookstoves.

TERI – The Energy and Resources Institute study (Ongoing Project)

Blair A 1990 Epidemiologic evidence of relationship between formaldehyde exposure and cancer. Scand J. Work Environment and Health. DOI:

Ramesh Bhat Y.,, Association of Indoor Air Pollution with accute lower respiratory tract infections in children under 5 years of age. Paediatr Int. Child Health 2012. DOI:

United States Environmental Protection Agency. Revisions to the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particles Matter. Federal Register, July 18 1997, 62: 38651–38701.




How to Cite

Sharma, R. (2015). INDOOR AIR POLLUTION IN INDIA AND HEALTH HAZARDS. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 3(9SE), 1–3.