INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND CONSERVATION SCIENCE
Keywords:International Law, Environmental, Conservation, Ecosystem & United Nations
This paper work on international law the body of international law regulating human interaction with the natural world, little of the governance of natural resources, for example, is ‘environmental’. Subsisting at the periphery, environmental law focuses on conserving particular species and ‘ecosystems’, and curbing certain kinds of pollution. Its principles are vague, peppering the margins of rulings within other judicial. The existing methods are slow, cumbersome, expensive, uncoordinated and uncertain. Something better must be found if the environmental challenges the world faces are to be dealt with successfully. Unless we devise a better way to make international law for the environment, future progress is likely to be piecemeal, fitful, unsystematic and even random. The justification for taking bold steps now rests on analysis of three factors: the formidable nature of the environmental issues that must be dealt with; the condition of international organization relating to the environment, particularly the United Nations system; and the methods currently used to make international environmental law. In this paper, we suggest that international environmental laws are due to two competing heritages. The ‘natural world as sacred, inviolable, and redemptive.
Biodiversity (Convention on Biological Diversity. http://www.biodiv.org
Climate change (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol on Global Warming. http://unfccc.int
Cultural preservation (Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural & Natural Heritage, http://whc.unesco.org
Desertification (United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification http://www.unccd.int
Endangered species (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)) http://www.cites.org
Patricia Birnie, Alan Boyle, and Catherine Redgewell, International Law and the Environment, 3rd edition (Oxford UP, 2009)
Philippe Sands, “Unilateralism, Values and International Law”, European Journal of International Law, vol. 11, no. 2 (2000), DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ejil/11.2.291
Principles of International Environmental Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003),
Sustainable development (The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development. http://www.unep.org
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