FRAMING GM CROPS AS A SOLUTION FOR GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY
Keywords:Food Security, Global Population, Gmos, Sustainable Agriculture
Genetically Modified organisms (GMOs) are a tool of solution in helping to tackle the challenge of global food security for ever growing population. With global population expected to grow by 40% in the next few decades, agriculture will need to become more productive and more sustainable in order to keep pace with rapidly increasing demands. The current biotechnology permits to alter the genetic makeup of living organisms to produce much quicker and beneficial results. The present study is aimed to evaluate the economic, environmental and nutritive benefits of transgenic crops. We have reviewed many articles from various journals, blogs and media clips related to the subject. Results indicate that the use of GMOs have many potential benefits that include increased crop production, improved nutrition, and drought tolerance, reduced fertilizers and pesticides, better environmental condition, improved economic benefits and improvement in fruit storage. Conversely, there are few concerns about possible unpredicted adverse health effects, environmental damage, gene pollution and business exploitation. Results also indicate the towering costs and uncertainty about the guidelines of GMOs have slowed the rate of innovation of new qualities and prevented set ups and major corporate sectors from developing many second-generation varieties to facilitate the improvement of our well-being.
AAAS, 2012.American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), Board of Directors .2012. Statement by the AAAS Board of Directors On Labeling of Genetically Modified Foods, and associated Press release: Legally Mandating GM Food Labels Could Mislead and Falsely Alarm Consumers.
AMA.2012. American Medical Association. Report 2 of the Council on Science and Public Health: Labeling of Bioengineered Foods.To better detect potential harms of bioengineered foods, the Council believes that pre-market safety assessment should shift from a voluntary notification process to a mandatory requirement." 7-7.
Banjara, Manoj; Longfu Zhu; Guoxin Shen; Paxton Payton; Hong Zhang.2012. "Expression of an Arabidopsis sodium/proton antiporter gene (AtNHX1 ) in peanut to improve salt tolerance". Plant Biotechnol Rep 6: 59–67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11816-011-0200-5
Bruening, G.; Lyons, J. M.2000.The case of the FLAVR SAVR tomato. California Agriculture 54 (4): 6–7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3733/ca.v054n04p6
CAPE, 2013.Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment.Statement on Genetically Modified Organisms in the Environment and the Marketplace.
Carpenter J. &Gianessi L. 1999. Herbicide tolerant soybeans: Why growers are adopting Roundup Ready varietiesAgBioForum, 2(2), 65-72.
Debora MacKenzie.1994. "Transgenic tobacco is European first. New Scientist.
FAO, 2004. State of Food and Agriculture 2003–2004. Agricultural Biotechnology: Meeting the Needs of the Poor.
Federal Register. 2013. J.R. Simplot Co.; Availability of Petition for Determination of Nonregulated Status of Potato Genetically Engineered for Low Acrylamide Potential and Reduced Black Spot Bruis.
Gaud, William S.1968.http://www.agbioworld.org/biotech-info/topics/borlaug-green.html.
IRRI,2012.About Golden Rice. International Rice Research Institute.
ISAAA 2013 Annual Report Executive Summary, Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2013. ISAAA Brief 46-2013, Retrieved 6 August 2014.
ISAAA.2015. GM Approval Database Gene list:http://www.isaaa.org/gmapprovaldatabase/gene/
Jha, Alok .2012. Julian Ma: I'm growing antibodies in tobacco plants to help prevent HIV.The Guardian. 2012
Klümper, W; Qaim, M.2014. "A Meta-Analysis of the Impacts of Genetically Modified Crops. PLoS ONE, 9 (11): e111629.
Lundmark, C. 2006. "Searching Evolutionary Pathways: Antifreeze Genes from Antarctic Hairgrass. BioScience 56.(6): 552. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2006)56[552:SEP]2.0.CO;2
Martins VAP.2008. "Genomic Insights into Oil Biodegradation in Marine Systems". Microbial Biodegradation: Genomics and Molecular Biology. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-17-2.
Meagher, RB.2000. "Phytoremediation of toxic elemental and organic pollutants". Current Opinion in Plant Biology 3 (2): 153–162. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1369-5266(99)00054-0
Michael Eisenstein .2013.Plant breeding: Discovery in a dry spell. Nature 501, S7–S9.
NAS,2001. National Academy of Sciences.2001. Transgenic Plants and World Agriculture. Washington: National Academy Press.
Pollack, A. 2015."Gene-Altered Apples Get U.S. Approval. New York Times, 2015.
Rennie, Rob and Heffer, Patrick.2011.Anticipated Impact of Modern Biotechnology on Nutrient Use Efficiency, TFI/FIRT Fertilizer Outlook and Technology Conference 16–18 November 2010, Savannah (GA), 2011.
Ronald, Pamela 2011. "Plant Genetics, Sustainable Agriculture and Global Food Security. Genetics 188 (1): 11–20.
Ronald, Pamela 2011. "Plant Genetics, Sustainable Agriculture and Global Food Security.Genetics.188 (1): DOI: https://doi.org/10.1534/genetics.111.128553
Tennille, Tracy (Feb 13, 2015). "First Genetically Modified Apple Approved for Sale in U.S. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved Feb 2015.
How to Cite
With the licence CC-BY, authors retain the copyright, allowing anyone to download, reuse, re-print, modify, distribute, and/or copy their contribution. The work must be properly attributed to its author.
It is not necessary to ask for further permission from the author or journal board.
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.