• Dharmendra Kumar Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, 247667 Roorkee, India
  • Binod Mishra Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, 247667 Roorkee, India



Marxism, Reification, Social Ontology, South Asian Literature, Urdu Progressive Writers

Abstract [English]

The article examines the select poetry and songs of Sahir Ludhianvi on the motifs of love, through the Marxist concept of 'reification'. It highlights, that institutions, especially Capitalism and the marriage system, strengthen the reified consciousness in which human beings consider love as an alienated entity. The feelings of love were polluted by Capitalist thought and imprisoned by the social norms; Sahir Ludhianvi aspired for a utopia, a Communist society, revolted against social norms and practices like 'marriage' etc. and deconstructed the capitalist conception of love. His artistic characteristics lie in the representation of 'beloved' in the sense of 'Communism', which can restore, in his eyes, the lost feelings of love. The study involves a textual analysis.


Download data is not yet available.


Akhtar, J., & Zaidi, H. Z. (2006). Progressive Writers' Movement in UrduLiterature. Indian Literature, 50(4), 140-162.

Alam, Q. Z. (1983). Progressive Poetry and Propaganda (Prof Kalimuddin Ahmad's Criticism on Progressive Urdu poetry). Indian Literature, 26(1), 69-78.

Begley, W. E. (1979). The Myth of the Taj Mahal and a New Theory of its Symbolic Meaning. The Art Bulletin, 61(1), 7-37. DOI:

Bewes, T. (2002). Reification: The Anxiety of Late Capitalism. Verso.

Burris, V. (1988). Reification: A Marxist Perspective. California Sociologist, 10(1), 22-43.

Classic Legends. (2020, November 15). Classic Legends - Season 1 Episode 9 _ Sahir Ludhianvi.

Coppola, C. (2017). Urdu Poetry, 1935-1970: The Progressive Episode. Oxford University Press.

Deol, S. (2019). Sahir: A Literary Portrait. Oxford University Press.

Engels, F. (1884). Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State. Online Version: Marx/Engels Internet Archive ( 1993, 1999, 2000.

Gasset, J. (1971). On Love: Aspects of a Single Theme. The World Publishing Company.

Goldmann, L. (1977). Lukacs and Heidegger: Towards a New Philosophy (William Q. Boelhower, Trans.). Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd.

Gulzar & Shekhar, S. (2015). Sahir and Jadu. Indian Literature, 54(6), 101-106.

Honneth, A. (2008). Reification: A New Look at an Old Idea. Oxford University Press. DOI:

Jain, G. (2019). Significance of Marriage as Social Institution in Indian English Writings. Social Values and Society, 1(1), 17-22. DOI:

Jameson, F. (1979). Reification and Utopia in Mass Culture. Social Text, (1), 130-148. Duke University Press. DOI:

Kabir, N. M. (2021). In the Year of Sahir. Thomson Press.

Lukacs, G. (1967). History and Class Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialectics(R. Livingstone, Trans.). The MIT Press. (Original Work Published 1923).

Mahmood, K. T. (2016). Selected Poems of Sahir Ludhianvi. Star Publication Pvt. Ltd.

Manwani, A. (2013). Sahir Ludhianvi: The People's Poet. HarperCollins Publisher.

Marx, K. (1970). Introduction to a Contribution of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right (Annette Jolin and Joseph O’Malley, Trans.). Cambridge University Press.

Marx, K. (1976). The Commodity (Albert Dragstedt, Trans.). New Park Publications.

Mir, R., & Mir, H. (2006). Anthems of Resistance: A Celebration of Progressive Urdu Poetry. Roli Books Pvt. Ltd.

Prabhat, A. (2018). Sahir Samagra: Sahir Ludhianvi Ka Rachana Sansar. Rajkamal PrakashanPvt. Ltd.

Pritchett, F. W. (1994). Nets of Awareness: Urdu Poetry and Its Critics. CA.

Rajya Sabha TV. (2016, December 20). Discourse on Sahir Ludhianvi's Poetry (1/2).

Rajya Sabha TV. (2016, December 22). Discourse on Sahir Ludhianvi's Poetry (2/2).

Sandhu, A. S. (2021). Life and loves of Sahir Ludhianvi. Chetna Prakashan.

Shakeel, R. K. (2015). A Marxist Feminist Analysis of Sahir Ludhianvi's Selected Poems. International Journal of English and Literature (IJEL),5(4), 85-96.

Zaidi, A. J. (2017). A History of Urdu Literature. Sahitya Akademi.




How to Cite

Kumar, D., & Mishra, B. (2024). REIFICATION OF LOVE: SELECT POETRY OF SAHIR LUDHIANVI. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 12(3), 53–64.