• Salina Maharjan Department of Horticulture, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Bagmati, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7519-3255
  • Tikaram Dhakal Department of Horticulture, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Bagmati, Nepal




Nepal, Agricultural Institutes, Formal Education, Guidance, Undergraduate Studies

Abstract [English]

Higher education is perceived as a capital outlay and a potential transformer of the socio-economic and cultural development of a nation. Nepal has a very brief history of modern educational systems which traces back to 1959 when Tribhuvan University was established as the first university in the country. Though the formal education in agriculture began in 1968 with the upgrade of the School of Agriculture into the College of Agriculture launching a two-year Intermediate of Science in Agriculture program, the institutes offering the undergraduate-level Bachelor of Science in Agriculture are recorded to stretch out only after the 1990s. The trend of establishment of undergraduate agricultural colleges has faced many ups and downs but the highest number of agricultural colleges were found to be established in the year 2018 i.e., 10. In the current situation, seven universities and their thirty-three constituent and affiliated colleges are offering bachelor’s degree in agriculture. Regardless of the ample expansion of agricultural institutes throughout the country, agricultural education is still an underrated subject in comparison to other fields. There is limited information available about the current status of the agricultural education system in Nepal; in fact, the secondary-level graduates lack proper information and guidance related to higher education in agriculture. This paper explores the history of agricultural education in Nepal; trend of agricultural institutional development; quota distribution, eligibility criteria and admission procedures for undergraduate studies in different universities; and has been prepared with a motive to shed light on agricultural academics, and guide students who are seeking a bright future in the agriculture sector.


Download data is not yet available.


About us. (n.d.). Gandaki United Public School. Retrieved From 2023, June 6.

AFU. (n.d.-a). About Us. Agriculture and Forestry University. Retrieved From 2023, June 6.

AFU. (n.d.-b). Background. Agriculture and Forestry University. History of Agriculture Education,Part of Department of Agriculture. Retrieved From 2023, June 6.

AFU. (2022). Second Revised Notice for B.Sc. Ag. Online Admission 2079. Agriculture and Forestry University.

Amgain, L., & Adhikari, R. (2022). Agriculture and Forestry Education in Nepali Universities: A Conscientious Review. Journal of Tikapur Multiple Campus, 5, 128-151. https://doi.org/10.3126/jotmc.v5i1.46521. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3126/jotmc.v5i1.46521

Atchoarena, D., & Holmes, K. (2005). The Role of Agricultural Colleges and Universities in Rural Development and Lifelong Learning in Asia. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, 2(1&2), 15-24. https://doi.org/10.37801/ajad2005.2.1-2.2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37801/ajad2005.2.1-2.2

BSc Ag All Colleges List of Nepal with their Total Seats, Total Scholarship Seats, Quota Scholarship Seats & Paying Seats Information. (2022). Help for Ag.

Chaudhary, P. K., & Pasa, R. B. (2015). Agriculture Education for Rural Development in Nepal. Journal of Training and Development, 1(1), 38-45. https://doi.org/10.3126/jtd.v1i0.13089. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3126/jtd.v1i0.13089

Defait, V. (2019). A Keystone for Sustainable Development. Spore, 192, 4-7.

Edusanjal. (2023). B.Sc Agriculture. Edusanjal.

Ghimire, R., Joshi, N., & Ghimire, S. (2021). Agriculture Extension Services in Nepal. In Innovations in Agricultural Extension. Michigan State University.

IAAS/TU. (n.d.). About Us. Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science. Retrieved From 2023, June 6.

IAAS/TU. (2022). Notice For Admission of Students in B.Sc.Ag./Hort. Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science.

IAAS/TU. (2023). An Urgent Notice on Admission of Students in B.Sc.Ag./Hort. Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science.

KU. (2021a). Admission Call 2021. Kathmandu University. 2023-06-16.

KU. (2021b). Information on KUCAT Computer Based Test (KUCAT-CBT) and Test Syllabus 2021. Kathmandu University, Kathmandu University.

KU. (2022). Fee Structure. Kathmandu University.

MAU. (2021). About. Madhesh Agricultural University.

MAU. (2022a). Admission Notice. Madhesh Agricultural University.

MAU. (2022b). Notice for B.Sc.Ag Entrance. Madhesh Agricultural University.

MoF. (2020). Economic Survey. https://10.29121/granthaalayah.v11.i10.2023.5354.

Paudel, S., Gill, T., & Rajotte, E. (2013). Agriculture Education and Training (AET) System in Nepal : Present Status, Challenges and Future Priorities (Issue September).

PU. (2021a). Manual For Entrance Examination and Admission of Students. Purbanchal University.

PU. (2021b). Manual for Scholarhsip. Purbanchal University.

Shahi, B. B. (2022). Agricultural Modernization and Rural Development: Reference to Traditional Agriculture Transformation in Nepal. Journal of Nepalese Management and Research, 4(1), 46-56. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3126/jnmr.v4i1.52780

Sridhar, A., Balakrishnan, A., Jacob, M., Sillanpaa, M., & Dayanandan, N. (2022). Global Impact of Covid-19 on Agriculture: Role of Sustainable Agriculture and Digital Farming. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 30, 42509-42525. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-022-19358-w. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-022-19358-w

Syllabus and Seats Information for BSc Ag, Vet, Forestry Entrance Exam of AFU, TU and FWU. (2020). Help for Ag.

Timilsina, R. H. (2021). Assessment of Agricultural Education Institutions in Nepal. XVII, 119-128.

UN. (n.d.). History. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Retrieved From 2023, June 19.

Vulnerability Profile of Nepal. (2018). Committee for Development Policy 20th Plenary Session.




How to Cite

Maharjan, S., & Dhakal, T. (2023). UNDERGRADUATE AGRICULTURE EDUCATION IN NEPAL: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 11(10), 122–136. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v11.i10.2023.5354