• Hetal Gala Department of Textile and Fashion Technology, College of Home Science Nirmala Niketan, Mumbai -400020, India
  • Dr. Pratima Goyal Department of Textile and Fashion Technology, College of Home Science Nirmala Niketan, Mumbai -400020, India




Wool Fabric, Plasma Treatment, Water Based Pigment Printing, Non-Water Based Pigment Printing, UV Transmittance

Abstract [English]

The textile industry is looking for innovative production systems to enhance the product quality and society requires new strategy working in natural aspect. India accounts for 1.8% of total global wool production. India has the world's seventh-largest wool and woolen textile sector. Worsted yarn, woolen yarn, wool tops, fabric (woolen/worsted), shoddy yarn, shoddy fabrics, blankets, knitwear, hand-made carpets, and machine-made carpets comprise India's wool and woolen industry. Plasma treatment modifies the surface properties of internal materials; it has an economic advantage over conventional wet processing due to its low chemical and water consumption; and closed plasma treatment systems is an environment friendly process because plasma byproducts can be trapped rather than released into the environment. (https://www.ibef.org/exports/wool-and-woollen) This present research aims to study the effect of pigment printing on 100% wool fabric by using plasma i.e., Di-electric barrier discharge plasma treatment. Wool fabric was treated with plasma for different time variation of 15 minutes, 30 minutes, 1hour and 2 hours. The water based and non-water-based pigment printing was done using the screen printing on untreated sample and plasma treated sample. The change induced in the fastness properties, UPF of plasma treated and untreated sample were studied. The experimental result indicate that the wash fastness and rub fastness of pigment printing both water based and non-water based pigment printing was better on the plasma treated rather than untreated sample the pigment doesn’t peel off so we can use with water based pigment printing as it is eco-friendly over non-water based pigment printing. UPF rating for water-based pigment printing revealed that untreated samples have a higher UPF rating than plasma treated samples. When non-water-based pigment printing was performed, plasma treatment for 1 hour and 2 hours has a higher UPF rating than untreated samples, and the same is true for 15 minutes and 30 minutes plasma treated samples. It uses less water energy but more electrical energy because this energy is used for a longer period of time in this study.


Download data is not yet available.


Atav, R. (2013). The Use of New Technologies in Dyeing of Proteinous Fibers. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5772/53912

Atav, R., & Türkmen, F. (2015). Investigation of the Dyeing Characteristics of Alpaca Fibers (Huacaya and Suri) in Comparison with Wool. Textile Research Journal. https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517514563727. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517514563727

Awang, N. A., Ahmad, M. H., Malek, Z. A., Sidik, M. A. B., Nawawi, Z., Jambak, M. I., Waldi, E. P., & Aulia. (2017). AC Breakdown Strength Enhancement of LDPE Nanocomposites Using Atmospheric Pressure Plasma. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICECOS.2017.8167152. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICECOS.2017.8167152

Chinnammal, K., & Arunkumar, K. (2014). Effect of Plasma Treatment on Plain Woven Cotton Fabric.

Fridman, A., & Friedman, G. (2012). Plasma Medicine. Wiley. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118437704

Goud, V. S., & Udakhe, J. S. (2011). Effect of Low Temperature Plasma Treatment on Tailorabilityand Thermal Properties of Wool Fabrics. Pramana. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12043-011-0097-0. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12043-011-0097-0

Karpagam Chinnammal, S., & Arunkumar, K.V. (2014). Effect of Plasma Treatment on Plain Woven Cotton Fabric. National Seminar on Emerging Trends in Plasma Technology and its Applications, 20-21.

Kiron, M. I. (2014). Surface Modification of Fabrics Under Plasma Treatment.

Lee, M., Ko, Y.-G., Lee, J. B., Park, W. H., Cho, D., & Kwon, O. H. (2014). Hydrophobization of Silk Fibroin Nanofibrous Membranes by Fluorocarbon Plasma Treatment to Modulate Cell Adhesion and Proliferation Behavior. Macromolecular Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13233-014-2096-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13233-014-2096-8

Maamoun, D., & Ghalab, S. (2013). Plasma Utilization for Treating Wool/Polyester Blended Fabric to Improve its Printability. Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research.

Mahfuz, M. (n.d.). Determination of Fabric Abrasion Resistance by Abrasion Resistance Tester.

Malik, T., and Parmar, S. (2007). Use of Plasma Technology in Textiles https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517517720504.

Mangovskha. (2001). Journal of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management.

Mendhe, P., Arolkar, G., Shukla, S., & Deshmukh, R. (2015). Low-Temperature Plasma Processing for the Enhancement of Surface Properties and Dyeability of Wool Fabric. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 133. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.43097. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/app.43097

Ren, L., Geng, J., Wang, N., & Guo, Z. (2018). Preparation of Partially End-Capped Amino- Terminated Hyperbranched Polymer and Dyeing Properties Enhancement to Polyurethane Membrane. Textile Research Journal, 88(20), 2319-2328. https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517517720504. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517517720504

Shahid, M., Zhou, Y., Tang, R.-C., Chen, G., & Wani, W. A. (2017). Colourful and Antioxidant Silk with Chlorogenic Acid : Process Development and Optimization by Central Composite Design. Dyes and Pigments, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2016.11.012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2016.11.012

Udakhe, J., & Tyagi, S. (2011). Effect of Plasma Density on Surface Morphology and Mechanical Properties of Wool Fibres, Man-Made Textile in India. https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pram/077/04/0669-0677.

Xiros, N. (2018). Plasma Definition and Classification. In : Mathematical Magnetohydrodynamics. Synthesis Lectures on Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-79601-2_1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-79601-2_1

Zeer, & Salem (2014). Effect of Atmospheric Pressure Glow Discharge Plasma on the Surface Modification and Printing Properties of Wool/Polyamide Blend. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 7(1), 159–173.

Żołek-Tryznowska, Z., Tryznowski, M., & Królikowska, J. (2015). Hyperbranched Polyglycerol as an Additive for Water-Based Printing Ink. Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, 12(2), 385–392. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11998-014-9643-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11998-014-9643-2




How to Cite

Gala, H., & Goyal, P. (2023). ENCHANCEMENT OF WOOL FABRIC BY PLASMA TECHNOLOGY AND PIGMENT PRINTING. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 11(4), 119–128. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v11.i4.2023.5037