BANGLADESHI AND INDIAN YOUTH ATHLETES DIFFER IN STRENGTH AND ENDURANCE

Authors

  • Md. Nasim Reza Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Jashore-7408, Bangladesh
  • Md. Hamidur Rahman Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Jashore-7408, Bangladesh
  • Syed Murtaza Hussain Andrabi Research Scholar, Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Delhi, Delhi- 110007, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v10.i12.2022.4937

Keywords:

Cardio-Respiratory Endurance, Cooper Test, Pull-Ups, Standing Broad Jump, Strength

Abstract [English]

The purpose of the research was to investigate the health-related physical fitness of youth athletes from Bangladesh and India. The forty athletes from each country, Bangladesh (n=40) and India (n=40) were chosen using a simple random sampling method. The researchers selected Bangladeshi athletes from the Jashore district in Bangladesh and Indian athletes from the Murshidabad and Birbhum districts of West Bengal, India. Those who competed in at least one district-level competition were included in the study. For the study, the researchers chose male athletes between the ages of 17 and 21 years. The study included lower body explosive strength in the standing broad jump test, upper body muscular strength in the pull-up test and cardio-respiratory endurance in the cooper test as variables. The data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics (independent t-test), with the significance level set at 0.05. An independent sample t-test shows that Bangladeshi and Indian youth athletes standing broad jump t(78) = 2.10, sig. = 0.039; pull-ups t(78) = 1.68, sig. = 0.099; cooper test t(78) = 2.34, sig. = 0.022 respectively. The findings revealed a substantial difference in leg explosive strength and cardio-respiratory endurance, but no substantial difference in upper body muscular strength between Bangladeshi and Indian youth athletes.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Andrabi, S. M. H., Deol, N. S., and Singh, L. (2019). Kinematic Patterns of Start In Track-And-Field Sprints, Review of Research, 8(4), 1-10.

Bangsbo, J., and Michalsik, L. (2002). Assessment and Physiological Capacity of Elite Soccer Players. In T. Reilly and A. Murphy (Eds.), Science And Football IV. Routledge, 53-62.

Bhagat, O., and Singh, L. T. (2021). Analysis of Vo2max in Different Team Games. Vidyabharati International Interdisciplinary Research Journal, (Special Issue-April), 90-95.

Bong-Ju, S., and Byoung-Goo, K. (2017). Differences of Physique and Physical Fitness Among Male South Korean Elite National Track and Field Athletes. International Journal of Human Movement And Sports Sciences, 5(2), 17-26. https://doi.org/10.13189/saj.2017.050201.

Cantwell, J. D. (1985). Cardiovascular Aspects of Running. Clinics in Sports Medicine, 4(4), 627-640. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0278-5919(20)31182-0.

Chan, H. C., Fong, D. T., Lee, J. W., Yau, Q. K., Yung, P. S., And Chan, K. M. (2016). Power and Endurance in Hong Kong Professional Football Players. Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology, 5, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asmart.2016.05.001.

Choudhuri, D., Choudhuri, S., and Kulkarni, V. A. (2002). Physical Fitness : A Comparative Study Between Students of Residential (Sanik) and Nonresidential Schools (Aged 12-14 Years). Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 46(3), 328-332.

Corbin, C. B., and Le Masurier, G. C. (2014). Fitness For Life (6th Ed). Human Kinetics Publishers.

Cuenca-Garcia, M., Marin-Jimenez, N., Perez-Bey, A., Sánchez-Oliva, D., Camiletti-Moiron, D., Alvarez-Gallardo, I. C., Ortega, F. B., and Castro-Piñero, J. (2022). Reliability of Field-Based Fitness Tests in Adults: A Systematic Review. Sports Publishing Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-021-01635-2

Girard, O., and Millet, G. P. (2008). Neuromuscular Fatigue in Racquet Sports. Neurologic Clinics, 26(1), 181-94, X. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ncl.2007.11.011.

Glassman, G. (2002). What Is Fitness and Who is Fit ? Cross Fit Journal, 1(3), 1-11.

Hamilton, N. (1993). Changes in Sprint Stride Kinematics With Age in Master's Athletes. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 9(1), 15-26. https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.9.1.15.

Haskell, W. L., Lee, I. M., Pate, R. R., Powell, K. E., Blair, S. N., Franklin, B. A., Macera, C. A., Heath, G. W., Thompson, P. D., Bauman, A., (2007). American College of Sports Medicine, and American Heart Association. Physical Activity And Public Health: Updated Recommendation for Adults from the American College Of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Circulation, 116(9), 1081-1093. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.185649.

Helgerud, J., Engen, L. C., Wisloff, U., and Hoff, J. (2001). Aerobic Endurance Training Improves Soccer Performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(11), 1925-1931. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200111000-00019.

Hunsicker, P., and Reiff, G. G. (1976). Youth Fitness Test Manual. Washington, D.C. : American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (AAHPER Publications).

Hurtig-Wennlöf, A., Ruiz, J. R., Harro, M., and Sjöström, M. (2007). Cardiorespiratory Fitness Relates More Strongly Than Physical Activity To Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors In Healthy Children and Adolescents: The European Youth Heart Study. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation: Official Journal of The European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology and Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology, 14(4), 575-581. https://doi.org/10.1097/HJR.0b013e32808c67e3.

Islam, M. S. (2018). Relationship of Abdominal Muscle Endurance With Selected Anthropometric Measurements in Soccer Players. International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education, 3(2), 1088-1090.

Islam, M. S., Kundu, B., and Saha, S. (2019). Relationship Between Repeated Sprint Ability and Accuracy of Soccer Shooting Performance in Young Players. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 5(11), 95-104. https://doi.org/10.5281/ZENODO.3381127.

Kansal, D. K. (1996). Test and Measurement in Sports and Physical Education. DVS Publication.

Kartal, R. (2016). Comparison of Speed, Agility, Anaerobic Strength and Anthropometric Characteristics in Male Football and Futsal Players. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 4(7), 47-53. http://doi.org/10.11114/jets.v4i7.1435.

Kaur, H., and Singh, N. (2019). A Study of Cardiovascular Endurance Among National Level Players of Different Games. International Journal of Advances in Science Engineering and Technology, 7(2), 72-74.

Keating. (2003). Examine the Current Youth Fitness Test Program in the United State. The Fitness-Gram, President's Challenge, and the YMCA Youth Programs.

Kerketta, I., and Singh, R. (2015). Comparison of Cardiovascular Endurance Between Male Soccer and Hockey Players of G.G.V. Bilaspur. International Journal of Physical Education Sports and Health, 2(2), 326-327.

Lees, A. (2003). Science and the Major Racket Sports : A Review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21(9), 707-732. http://doi.org/10.1080/0264041031000140275.

Lieshout, K. A. V., and Lombard, A. J. J. (2003). Fitness Profile of Elite Junior South African Badminton Players. African Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences, 9(3), 114-120. https://doi.org/10.4314/ajpherd.v9i3.24643.

Marques, A., Henriques-Neto, D., Peralta, M., Martins, J., Gomes, F., Popovic, S., Masanovic, B., Demetriou, Y., Schlund, A., and Ihle, A. (2021). Field-Based Health-Related Physical Fitness Tests in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review. Frontiers in Pediatrics, 9, 640028. https://doi.org/10.3389/fped.2021.640028.

Mondal, S. (2015). Analysis of Physical Fitness Between Bangladesh and Indian Primary School Going Boys. International Journal of Physical Education Sports and Health, 2(1), 263-267.

Oluwadare, O. A., and Olufemi, O. O. (2018). Aerobic Fitness Levels Among Undergraduate Students of A Nigerian University Using Cooper's 12-Minute Walk Test. International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications, 2(4), 6-8.

Ortega, F. B., Ruiz, J. R., Castillo, M. J., and Sjöström, M. (2008). Physical Fitness in Childhood and Adolescence : A Powerful Marker of Health. International Journal Of Obesity, 32(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803774.

Pal, N. (2019). A Comparative Study of Conditioning For Kabaddi Players at Different Levels. Journal of Advances and Scholarly Researches in Allied Education, 16(4), 1358-1363.

Penney, D., and Clarke, G. (2005). Inclusion in Sport Education. In D. Penney (Ed.), Sport Education in Physical Education: Research Based Practice . Routledge, 41-54.

Rahman, M. H., and Islam, M. S. (2020). Stretching and Flexibility: A Range of Motion for Games and Sports. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 6(8), 22-36.

Rengasamy, S., Raju, S., Lee, W. A., and Roa, R. (2014). A Fitness Intervention Program Within A Physical Education Class on Cardiovascular Endurance Among Malaysia Secondary School Students. Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 2(1), 1-8.

Reza, M. N. (2018). A Comparative Study of Physical Fitness Between Adolescent Boys of Bangladesh and India. International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy And Physical Education, 3(2), 87-91.

Rochcongar, P. (2004). Isokinetic Evaluation of Knee Extensors and Flexors in Sports Medicine: Review of The Literature. Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 47(6), 274-281. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annrmp.2004.05.013.

Singh, A. (2018). Comparisons of Shoulder Girdle Strength, Explosive Leg Power, and Abdominal Strengthamong Jumpers, Throwers, and Sprinters. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 4(9), 74-80. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1326434.

Smith, J. J., Eather, N., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., Faigenbaum, A. D., and Lubans, D. R. (2014). The Health Benefits of Muscular Fitness for Children And Adolescents : A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine, 44(9), 1209-1223. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-014-0196-4.

Thomas, E., Petrigna, L., Tabacchi, G., Teixeira, E., Pajaujiene, S., Sturm, D. J., Sahin, F. N., Gómez-López, M., Pausic, J., Paoli, A., Alesi, M., And Bianco, A. (2020). Percentile Values of The Standing Broad Jump in Children and Adolescents Aged 6-18 Years Old. European Journal of Translational Myology, 30(2), 9050. https://doi.org/10.4081/ejtm.2019.9050.

Vrachimis, A., Hadjicharalambous, M., And Tyler, C. (2016). The Effect of Circuit Training on Resting Heart Rate Variability, Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors and Physical Fitness in Healthy Untrained Adults. Health, 08(2), 144-155. http://doi.org/10.4236/health.2016.82017.

Downloads

Published

2022-12-31

How to Cite

Reza, M. N., Rahman, M. H., & Andrabi, S. M. H. . (2022). BANGLADESHI AND INDIAN YOUTH ATHLETES DIFFER IN STRENGTH AND ENDURANCE . International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 10(12), 29–37. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v10.i12.2022.4937