PROMOTING BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION WITH SUPRA-REGIONAL CONNECTIONS. CASE STUDY OF A MEDITERRANEAN REGION, TUNISIA

Authors

  • Safa Bel Fekih Boussema University of Sousse, High institute of Agronomic Science of ChottMariem (ISA-CM), Departement of Horticultural Sciences and Landscape, B.P 47.4042 ChottMeriemSousse-Tunisia;, University of Carthage, National Agronomic Institute of Tunis, Lr GREEN TEAM (LR17AGR01), B.P 43, Avenue Charles Nicolle 1082 Tunis Mahrajène-Tunisia
  • Marianne Cohen UMR Médiations, Sorbonne University, Paris-France.
  • Faiza Khebour Allouche High Institute of Agronomic Science of Chott Mariem, Department of Engineering and Landscape Planning, Sousse University, B.P 47.4042 Chott Meriem Sousse-Tunisia and National Agronomic Institute of Tunis, Lr GREEN TEAM (LR17AGR01), Carthage University, B.P 43, Avenue Charles Nicolle 1082 Tunis Mahrajène-Tunisia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v10.i8.2022.4723

Keywords:

Sub-Frames, Species, Connections, Sustainable, Planning

Abstract [English]

Ecological network aims to ensure the survival of animal and plant species. It is considered a new public policy to avoid the loss of biodiversity by persevering the landscape connectivity and natural habitats from fragmentation. This research proposes a methodology that is based on identifying the sub-frames representatives of the study area and their selected species. Thus, the methodology developed comprises five steps. In the first step, the land use map was analyzed. Then, the major types of habitat were extracted. In the third step, a forest habitats sub-frame, a semi-open habitats sub-frame, and a wetlands sub-frame were determined. Then, the selected species were characterized. Finally, supra-regional connections were proposed to enhance biodiversity conservation in this region. As a result, crucial ecological corridors can be optimized along with the proposed supra-regional connections to the neighboring cities, and contributing to promote sustainable projects. Thus, the methodological approach developed can be a reference to other local or regional studies. It can be integrated into planning documents that should be a part of a decision-making perspective in public policies for sustainable landscapes, preserving biodiversity, and enhancing well-being.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahern, J. (2002). Greenway a Strategic Land scapé Planning : Theory and Application. Dissertation, Wageningen University, The Netherlands, 179.

Akpinar, A. (2016). Factors Influencing The Use of Urban Greenways: A Case Study of Aydin, Turkey. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 123-131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2016.02.004

Amori, G., Hutterer, R., Kryštufek, B., Yigit, N., Mitsain, G., and Palomo, L.J. (2008). Atelerixalgirus. Liste rouge de l'UICN des espèces menacées 2008.

Arnould, P., Le Lay, Y., Dodane, C. and Méliani, I (2011). Nature in the City and Unlikely Biodiversity. Geography, economy, society, 13, 45-68.

Asakawa, S., Yoshida, K., and Yabe, K. (2004). Perceptions of Urban Stream Corridors Within the Greenway System of Sapporo, Japan, 167-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(03)00158-0

Boussema, S., Khebourallouche, F. (2020). Methodology of Land Use Mapping to Landscape Typology Applied to the Enfidha Region, Tunisia. International Journal of Innovation And Scientific Research, 52 (1), 8-19.

Chang, Q., Li, X., Huang, X., And Wu, J. (2012). A GIS-Based Green Infrastructure Planning For Sustainable Urban Land Use And Spatial Development. Procedia Environmental Sciences,12,491-498. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2012.01.308

Clergeau, P., Désiré, G. (1999). Biodiversity, Landscape And Planning : From The Corridor To The Biological Connection Zone. Mappemonde, 55, 19-23.

Conine, A., Xiang, W.N., Young, J., and Whitley, D. (2004). Planning for Multi-Purpose Greenways In Concord, North Carolina. Landscape and Urban Planning, 68 (2-3), 271-287. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(03)00159-2

Del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A., and Sargatal, J. (1992). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Ostrich to Ducks.Lynxedicions, Barcelona, Spain,1.

Delibes-Mateos, M., Farfán, M.A, Oliveros, J., And Vargas, J.M. (2010). Land-Use Changes as a Critical Factor for Long-Term Wild Rabbit Conservation in the Iberian Peninsula. Environmental Conservation, 37(2),169-176. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892910000214

Fábos, J.G. (1995). Introduction and Overview : The Greenway Movement, Uses and Potentials of Greenways. Landscape and Urban Planning, 33(1-3),1-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-2046(95)02035-R

GDF (2018). Identification Form of El Madfoun Forest. Genaral Directory of Forests of Sousse Region, 13.

Giordano, L.D.C., Riedel, P.S. (2008). Multi-Criteria Spatial Decision Analysis Fordemarcation Of Greenway : A Case Study of The City of Rio Claro, Sao Paulo,Brazil. Landscape and Urban Planning, 84(3-4), 301-311. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.09.006

Green, A.J., Selva, N. (2000). The Diet of Post-Breeding Marbled Teal Marmaronettaangustirostris and Mallard Anasplatyrhynchos in the Goksu Delta, Turkey. Revue d'Ecologie (La Terre Et La Vie), 55(2), 161-169.

Hobden D.W, Laughton G.E, Morgan K.E (2004). Green Space Borders, A Tangible Benefit?Evidence from Four Neighbourhoods in Surrey, British Colum-Bia, 1980-2001. Land Use Policy, 21(2), 129-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2003.10.002

Hubert, P. (2008). Effects of Urbanization on Population of European Hedgehogs.Dissertation, Reims Champagne-Ardenne University, 124.

IFPN (2010). Results of the Second National Forestry and Pastoral Inventory. National Centre For Mapping And Remote Sensing, 171.

INS (2017). Monthly Statistical Bulletin (December 2017). National Institute of Statistics Tunisia,15.

Kear, J. (2005). Ducks, Geese and Swans Volume 2 : Species Accounts (Cairina to Mergus). Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.

Lamond J., Everett, G. (2019). Sustainable Blue-Green Infrastructure : A Social Practice Approach to Understanding Community Preferences and Stewardship. Landscape and Urban Planning. 191(10), 36-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2019.103639

Lindsey, G., Maraj, M., and Kuan, S. (2001). Access, Equity, and Urban Greenways: An Exploratory Investigation. Prof. Geogr. 53(3),332–346. https://doi.org/10.1111/0033-0124.00288

Linglart, M., Morin, S., Paris, M., And Clergeau, P. (2016). Implementation Methodology of an Urban Green Network : The Case of an Urban Association, Plaine Commune. Cybergeo : European Journal of Geography.

Machado, J.R. et al. (1995). Metropolitan Landscape Planning : a Greenway Vision for the LisbonMetropolitan Area (AML). Special Issue Landscape, 95-103.

Pena, S.B., Abreu, M.M., Teles, R., and Espirito-Santo, M.D (2010). A Methodology for Creating Greenways Through Multidisciplinary Sustainable Landscape Planning.Journal of Environmental Management, 91(4), 970-983. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.12.004

Silvano, A.L., Guyer, C., Steury, T.D., and Grand, J.B. (2017). Selecting Focal Species as Surrogates for Imperiled Species Using Relative Sensitivities Derived from Occupancy Analysis. Ecological Indicator, 73,302-311. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.09.043

Sordello, R., Billon, L., Amsallem, J., and Vanpeene, S (2017). Technical and Scientific Report on The Development of Regional Ecological Coherence Schemes.Methods for Identifying the Components of TVB.TVB Resource Center, P.104.

Toccolini, A., Fumagalli, N., and Senes, G. (2006). Greenways Planning In Italy : The Lambro River Valley Greenways System, 98-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2004.09.038

Vaucher, P. Y. (2013). Small Mammals. The European Hedgehog.

Villafuerte, R., Delibes-Mateos, M. (2019). Oryctolaguscuniculus. Liste rouge de l'UICN des espèces menacées 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T41291A45189779.en.

Downloads

Published

2022-08-30

How to Cite

Boussema, S. B. F., Cohen, M., & Khebour Allouche, F. (2022). PROMOTING BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION WITH SUPRA-REGIONAL CONNECTIONS. CASE STUDY OF A MEDITERRANEAN REGION, TUNISIA. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 10(8), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v10.i8.2022.4723