• Adeela Bibi Department of Botany, Hazara University Mansehra-21300, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
  • Husnain Shah
  • Zafar Jamal
  • Abbas Hussain Shah
  • Azhar Mehmood



Floristic Composition, Biological Spectrum, Bara Gali

Abstract [English]

Floristic composition and Phytosociological studies on the flora of Bara Gali District Abbottabad, Pakistan was conducted.  The altitudinal range of the Bara Gali  is from 2100-2370 meter. From the study area 50 species belong to 33 families were recorded. Herbaceous flora was dominant with 35 species, shrubs with 10 species and tree with 5 species. Asteraceae was dominant having 6 species. Microphyll dominant leaf size spectra and hemicryptophytes were dominant life form in the study area. This study provide information about the floristic composition of Bara Gali.


Download data is not yet available.


Batalha, M.A. and F.R. Martins. (2004). Floristic, frequency, and vegetation life-form spectra of a Cerrado site. Braz. J. Biol., 64(2) : 203-209. Retrieved from DOI:

Black C.A. (1965). Methods of soil analysis part-II Am. Soci. Agron. Inc. Modison, Wichconisin U.S.A. Retrieved from DOI:

Cox W.G. (1967). Laboratory manual of general ecology. WMC Brown Co. Dubuque, Lowa USA.

Curtis M.J. (2000). Ecological evaluation of some rangeland plants of Harboi hills, Kalat, Balochistan. Ph.D thesis University of Peshawar.

Kent, M. (2011). Vegetation description and data analysis: A practical approach. John Wiley & Sons, 414 pp.

Khan. W., S.M. Khan and H. Ahmad. (2015). Altitudinal Variation in Plant Species Diversity and Its Components at Thandiani Sub Forests Division, Abbottabad, Pakistan. JBES, ISSN : 2220-6663 (Print) 2222-3045 (Online), 7: 46-53. Retrieved from

Khan. W., S.M. Khan and H. Ahmad. (2016). Floral Biodiversity and Conservation status of the Himalayan Foothills Region, Thandiani Sub Forests Division, Abbottabad, KPK. Journal of conservation Biology Pakistan, 1(1) : 1-9.

Malik Z. H. (2005). Comparative Study on the vegetation of Ganga Chotti and Behori hills District Bagh, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Ph.D Thesis, University of Peshawar.

Malik, Z. H. and F. Hussain. (1987). Phytosociological Studies of the vegetation around Muzaffarabad AJK. Mod. Trends PI. Sci. Res., 13-17.

Malik, Z.H., S. Ahmad and F. Hussan. (1994). Present studies of sub-tropical chirpine vegetation of Saani Hills Azad Kashmir. Sci. Khyber, 7 :51-58.

Malik. N.Z., M. Arshad and S. N. Mirza. (2007). Phytosociologically attributes of different plant communities of Pir Chinasi hills of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 9 : 569-574. Retrieved from

Malik. Z.H. and F. Hussain. (1987). Phytosociological studies of the vegetation around Muzafarabad AJK. Mod. Trends Pl. Sci. Res., Volume :3-17.

Moodi C.D., H.W. Smith and R. A Mercreeny. (1959). Lab Manual for Soil fertility. State College Washington Mimeograph: 31-39.

Muller D. B. and H. Ellemberg. (1974). Aims and methods of vegetation ecology. John Wiley and Sons. Inc. New York.

Nautiyal, M.C., B.P. Nautiyal and V. Prakash. (2001). Phenology and growth form distribution in an alpine pasture at Tungnath, Garhwal Himalaya. Mt. Res. Dev., 21(2) : 177-183. Retrieved from[0168:PAGFDI]2.0.CO;2

Odum E.P. (1971). Fundamentals of Ecology, 3rd edition. W. B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia. 574 pp.

Qadir S.A. and R.B. Tareen. (1987). Life form and leaf size spectra of the flora of Quetta Distt. In Ilahi, I and F. Hussain (ends) Modera Trends. Plt. Sci. Res.

Rahbek C. (2005). The role of spatial scale and the perception of large - scale species- richness patterns. Ecol. letter, 8:224-239. Retrieved from DOI:

Raunkiaer C. (1934). The life form of plants and statistical plants Geography, Clarendon Press Oxford. 623pp. Retrieved from

Raunkiear C. (1934). The life forms of plants and statistical plant geography oxford Clurendon press.

Rohde K. Latitudinal gradients in species diversity, the search for the primary cause. Oikos. (1992) ; 65 :514-527. Retrieved from DOI:

Saxena, A.K. and J.S. Singh. (1982). A phytosociological analysis of woody species in forest communities of a part of Kumaun Himalaya. Vegetation. 50 : 3-22. Retrieved from DOI:

Shah M. and F. Hussain. (2009). Phytosociological study of the vegetation of Hayat Abad District Peshawar. Pak. J. Pl. Sci., 15 (2): 123-128. Retrieved from

Shah. A. (1962) Working Plan for the Galis forests of Hazara district (1962-63 to 1977-78). Pp.1,2.

Shaheen, S., Z. Iqbal, F. Ijaz, J. Alam and I.U. Rahman. (2016). Floristic composition, biological spectrum and phenology of Tehsil Havelian, District Abbottabad, Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot., 48(5) : 1849-1859. Retrieved from

Shimwell, D.W. (1971). The Description and Classification of Vegetation Sedgwick and Jackson, 322. London.

Tansley A.G. (1920). The classification of vegetation and the concept of development. J. Ecol., 8 : 114. Retrieved from DOI:

Tareen R.B. and S.A. Qadir. (1993). Life form and leaf size spectra of the plant communities of diverse areas ranging from Harnai, Sinjawi to Duki regions of Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot., 25 :83-92.

Todoria, N.P., P. Pokhriyal, P. Uniyal and D.S. Chauhan. (2010). Regeneration status of tree species in forest of Phakot and Pathri Rao watersheds in Garhwal Himalaya. Curr. Sci., 98(2) : 171-175. Retrieved from




How to Cite

bibi, A., Shah, H., Jamal, Z., Hussain Shah, A., & Mehmood, A. (2021). FLORISTIC COMPOSITION AND BIOLOGICAL SPECTRUM OF BARA GALI, ABBOTTABAD. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 9(12), 32–38.